The health of your best furry friend is paramount and, for this, you must keep up to date on his vaccinations and a series of specific cares, according to the season in which we are. According to the veterinarian, Ixone Foreman Colás, the only mandatory vaccine in Spain is rabies, although not in all the autonomous communities: "The last one is usually placed within the plan of primovaccination in puppies because in our country it is considered eradicated, although a few years ago there was an outbreak."
It is especially important since it is a zoonosisthat is also affects people. The expert says that the government as a control measure requires the vaccination of any animal that enters the country and can be a carrier, since they are not only dogs.
“Eradicating a disease is very difficult, so 'Prevention is better than cure'. The rest of the vaccines are not mandatory, but they are recommended since the vast majority protect against serious and highly prevalent ailments, such as parvovirus, canine viral hepatitis… ”, says the veterinarian. So, even if nobody is going to fine you for not putting them on, you will ensure the health of your best friend. It is the best investment you can make for someone you love.
According to Foreman Colás, although the vaccination pattern is usually done once a year, do not have an expiration date like that of ‘a yogurt’. That is, after one year of the last dose, the antibodies are not completely finished, but it is done annually so that the owners can have more control over the health and maintenance of their dogs.
However, the veterinarian clarifies that there are some factors concerning the health of your best friend who can hinder or prevent the annual dose from being repeated: It is not just a prick and that's it, but rather an adequate exploration of the animal has to be done to make sure it is in optimal conditions.
"See if the nodes are larger, if you have a fever, if you manifest a heart murmur or is so greater that your immune system may be compromised ... In short, symptoms that the owner does not have to know, but are incompatible with vaccination and can endanger the life of the animal”, Explains the specialist.
Some more recent vaccines, such as that of the Leishmaniasis –Infection by Leishmania parasites produced by the bite of a type of mosquito-, should be put in function of the area where your dog lives or the time of year, since this disease is typical of tropical, hot or humid areas. However, the expert explains that, although the first cases appeared on the Mediterranean coast, it is increasingly extending to inland communities that have colder and drier climates.
“There is a higher prevalence of these mosquitoes when the temperature is higher than 16º, therefore the ideal is to do it in March so that they are covered before spring and summer, ”he explains. On the other hand, he points out that before putting it on he has to have a checkup - after the summer and especially if our furry has summered in warm areas -, since he explains that there are animals that may have been bitten by the mosquito, but do not show symptoms . In this case the vaccine would not be effective and should be treated differently.
While face to fall and winter, the most recommended would be against canine flu (infectious tracheobronchitis), which causes cough and respiratory problems.
What concerns to dewormingYes, there are two types: internal and external. According to the expert, the intern (usually to eliminate worms) should be done about four times a year (every four months) with a pill: “Many people do it at the change of season, but the most important thing is to do it before of vaccines, because that way we make sure the dog is healthy. ”
The external one will also depend on the time of the year. In times of cold we should focus more on ticks and fleas, while when the heat begins, we must add protection against mosquitoes. Foreman Colás points out that there are countless products on the market, but they should always be prescribed by a veterinarian since they are chemicals that do not feel the same as all breeds or sizes of dogs.
Orientation vaccination calendar that your best friend should follow
Meanwhile, both Kiwoko, chain of animal stores in Spain and Portugal, in collaboration with the Kivet centers, network of veterinary clinics in Spain and Portugal, suggest this Guidance schedule for vaccines and deworming, according to the months:
Take this month to supply the last deworming of the year. The health of your hairy is the most important.
To close the year take your dog or cat to do the Leishmania test. Kivet experts say that most dogs are usually infected in summer, but sometimes the symptoms do not appear until three months later. Hence they consider this month to be the ideal one to take the test.
Our pets also have small excesses after Christmas, so it is convenient to visit the veterinarian. A good check to start the year with con good leg ’.
The parasites are also present in winter, therefore, point in your agenda to apply one of the 4 internal deworming recommended to be done throughout the year. In this way, we will be able to keep them protected both in the hot and cold seasons.
Summer is getting closer. It is time to make them beautiful for these months where we used to do more outdoor activities. And why not start with a good dental checkup? In addition to wearing the best smile, we will also keep track of your oral health.
Spring blood alters and, parasites too! With the arrival of good weather, the risk of parasite diseases increases and, for this, it is important to strengthen protection with external deworming.
Following the deworming calendar, during this month we must provide an internal deworming and, thus, combat the increase in the presence of these organisms during the hottest months.
Holidays are coming and it's time to finalize the preparations. If this year you are going to travel with your pet, from Kivet they recommend to take your dog or cat to a review before embarking on the trip and, in this way, to be able to enjoy it without worries.
We are in the middle of the year and July is the ideal month to sit down and see all those vaccinations that are not mandatory, but that every owner should put their dog or cat. So take out your vaccination book and check the ones you have pending.
In order to continue enjoying the summer, the water and the beach with total tranquility and protecting our friends from parasites, from Kivet they recommend doing an internal deworming.
What better way to start the new course than with the homework done. The rabies vaccine should be given annually to prevent our friends from this disease that attacks the nervous system.
Once summer is over, the time of year where there are more parasites, we have to reinforce external deworming with specific necklaces, pills or pipettes.
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Vaccination plan for dogs
Although not all countries coexist with the same microorganisms that produce the diseases that our friend may suffer, the vaccination plan actually varies very little, and is more or less like this:
- At 45 days of life: first dose of the parvovirus vaccine.
- 8 to 10 weeks: you will put the polyvalent, which will protect against parvovirus, distemper, hepatitis, parainfluenza and leptospirosis.
- 12 to 14 weeks: you put the versatile again.
- 16 to 18 weeks: You are given the tracheobronchitis vaccine, which will protect you from parainfluenza and bordetellosis.
- 20 to 24 weeks: you are given the rabies vaccine.
- Once a year: You get the booster shot, which will protect against parvovirus, distemper, hepatitis, parainfluenza, leptospirosis, bordetellosis and rabies.
NOTE: The rabies vaccine is mandatory, and you can be penalized if they discover that your dog has not been vaccinated. Remember that vaccines in puppies are very important in their first months of life to avoid serious problems or that take infections that could be life-threatening.
What you should know about vaccines
Vaccines are sleeping microorganisms (viruses, bacteria) that, once they enter the body of a living being, their immune system begins to produce antibodies, which will attack these microbes. But do not worry: the dog will not get sick, but if tomorrow he comes into contact with a virus or with a bacterium, as he will already have the antibodies formed he will be able to fight them much more easily.
Each vaccine it costs about20 euros, except for rabies which are 30. To ensure the safety of the animal, it is recommended to administer a pill about 15 days before to eliminate possible internal parasites it can have.
We hope we have clarified the doubts about the vaccines that you should give your dog. If not, do not hesitate to ask 🙂.
And here the matter ends? No, Chacón argues that the annual reinforcements of all these vaccines are extremely important and is something that must always be maintained throughout the existence of the animal.
If the person wishes and after talking with the veterinarian, the dog could also receive other extra protections. Among them inoculations against tracheobronchitis (kennel cough) and giardia.
“It is very important that all vaccines given to the dog are recorded on a card (usually delivered by veterinarians). There must come the lot number and date, as it is useful information to attend them and, in addition, it serves as a legal document for when the animal leaves the country or, to corroborate if the pet was vaccinated against rabies, for example, in case of having bitten someone, ”said Chacón.