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All about dermatophytosis in rabbits

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It doesn't always happen, but often, fungi in rabbits produce itching and make it scratch constantly. This results in possible skin lesions and even secondary infections.

In addition, what characterizes a lot the fungi in rabbits, the ringworm, are the bald ones of circular form by the body, especially in the head and the legs. They start being small bald, that if the disease progress is not stopped, the fungus expands and grows until you can even leave the rabbit without hair.

Beware of mushrooms if you have several rabbits!

The ringworm that mushrooms produce in rabbits is really contagious, so If you have several rabbits, it is important that you separate the patient before they spread it to the rest. He will spread them for sure if you let them be in touch.

In addition, ringworm is a zoonosis, it can be transmitted between species. It is important that you manipulate the rabbit as little as possible and always with gloves so that it does not infect you.

How mushrooms are treated in rabbits

The most effective way to diagnose fungi in rabbits is to perform a culture. A sample of the fungus that is on the rabbit tissue is taken and studied under a microscope to determine if it is ringworm. Another option is the observation under Wood's lamp, but this method is not always conclusive.

If ringworm is diagnosed, the rabbit should be treated with an antifungal for several weeks. Then a culture is done again to check if the fungus has completely disappeared. It is very important to disinfect your cage, objects and places in the house that frequent the rabbit, since ringworm fungi survive in the environment for a long time and could become infected again.

If you suspect that your rabbit has fungi, go to the vet urgently! The sooner you start your treatment, the better.

What is dermatophytosis in rabbits

Dermatophytosis in rabbits, or ringworm, is a skin disease caused by a series of fungi, there are different species that can transmit this pathology. It is really contagious, this fungus reproduces and transmits by spores and can survive in the environment for more than a year. In addition, it is enough that they make contact with objects such as cages, beds or toys so that it is transmitted to the next one that touches it.

Occasionally, dermatophytosis in rabbits is a self-limited disease, that is, it has a cycle and it heals itself without the need for treatment. However, treatment is usually applied to prevent serious sequelae on the skin and to control it from spreading further.

Not only do rabbits have ringworm, if for example you also have a dog or other pets it is important that you isolate the sick animal so that it does not infect others. Equally, Be careful when handling the rabbit, try to do it as little as possible, so you don't get it.

Symptoms of dermatophytosis in rabbits

The symptoms of ringworm or dermatophytosis in rabbits are:

  • Localized baldness, as it causes alopecia
  • Dry and scaly skin
  • Skin lesions that are spreading more and more and have reddish color
  • Itching and other discomforts
  • The rabbit constantly scratches itself, so it runs the risk of injury and secondary infections

Have you observed these symptoms of dermatophytosis in your rabbit? Go to the vet as soon as possible! Do not forget that it can be very dangerous and could infect you.

Treatment of dermatophytosis in rabbits

Dermatophytosis It is diagnosed by taking a sample of affected tissue and performing a culture. Sometimes, there is no need for pharmacological treatment and it is enough to trim the fur around the affected areas and perform a deep disinfection of the environment.

When necessary, antifungals are applied, either topically or orally. Generally, the treatment lasts about two weeks, but Each case is different and only the veterinarian can determine what and for how long each rabbit needs. That is why it is important to go to the clinic as soon as possible. New cultures are usually done after treatment to verify that the dermatophytosis fungus has completely disappeared.

Eye with dermatophytosis in rabbits! Remember that you can spread to everyone who lives with a sick pet.

The rabbit is not a pet

While there is no law that prohibits having a rabbit, even if it is the healthiest specimen in the world, "it is far from being the ideal pet," says Dr. Gabriel Pisapía, of the Luis Pasteur Institute. feedback that a dog or a cat, return little and are very messy. Inside the house they are dirty, they urinate on any side and also the furniture is chewed. If it is inside, you have to have it in a cage. "For her part, Dr. Menchaca says that" the rabbit is not a pet and I do not understand why parents buy them for their children: they bite, kick and can hurt little ones".

What is ringworm

Ringworm, also known as dermatophytosis or dermatomycosis, is a disease that affects the skin and is caused by a fungusIn this case, we are facing one of the few diseases that can be transmitted from an animal to a human being. The fungi that cause ringworm in rabbits can be several, although the most common is Trichophyton mentagrophytes.

On some occasions, ringworm presents itself as a self-limited disease, that is, that without any intervention it can cure itself since its course does not have to be undefined, but it is limited, however, treatment is always recommended to prevent an extension. or an aggravation of dermal lesions.

Remember that dogs can also suffer from ringworm so if you have another pet in your home you should separate them to prevent for example, your cat suffers from ringworm.

Tinea contagion in rabbits

The spread of ringworm in rabbits is done through a form of the microorganism known as spore. The spores pass from an infected animal to the environment and can survive in the environment for an approximate period of 18 months.

Spores can infect inert material (cages or accessories), so that contagion occurs through contact with this infected material or through direct contact with another animal that is already suffering from the disease. Some animals are carriers of this microorganism but do not develop the disease, so they show no symptoms, but they also act as a source of infection.

Young rabbits or those under stress are more susceptible to this type of microorganism.

Symptoms of ringworm in rabbits

If our rabbit suffers from a fungal skin infection and ends up developing ringworm, we can observe the following symptoms:

  • Body areas with hair loss and dry and flaky skin
  • Dermatological lesions that spread to other areas of the skin
  • Dermatological lesions that acquire a reddish color
  • Symptoms of itching and discomfort
  • Wounds from scratches of the animal with possible secondary bacterial infection

If we observe in our rabbit any of these symptoms we must go to the vet as early as possible so that it verifies the diagnosis and indicates the most appropriate treatment.

Diagnosis and treatment of ringworm in rabbits

There are several methods to diagnose ringworm, however, the most reliable is to perform a small scale extraction and scabs present in the lesion to subsequently carry out a culture that will indicate what type of microorganism is causing the dermatological disease.

The treatment of ringworm in rabbits can vary depending on each specific case, since on several occasions the rabbit can recover without treatment pharmacological, only with changes in its closest environment and an adequate cut of the coat that should always be carried out by qualified personnel.

In the case of requiring drug treatment, will be usedantifungals, miconazole or clotrimazole will be those of choice for topical treatment, although itraconazole will usually be used orally.

Remember that only the veterinarian is the person indicated to prescribe a treatment and he will indicate the duration of the treatment, although generally this should be continued for 2 weeks after the disappearance of the lesions or until the culture tests are negative for the presence of fungi .

Avoid contagion to humans

Ringworm is a zoonosis, so it can be spread from an animal to a person, being especially vulnerable those people with a depressed immune system, which can occur if chemotherapy treatments are followed or if HIV or AIDS is suffered.

It is always important to handle the rabbit with gloves and wash your hands properly after each manipulation.

This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Ringworm in rabbits - Contagion and treatment, we recommend you go to our Other health problems section.

Tinea, a fungus transmit> 7/19/2006 | 09:00 | "If envy were ringworm." Notes the popular expression. Ringworm may not be as frequent as envy, but dermatologists are ensuring that more and more cases are seen, especially in children. During the Latin American Congress of Pediatric Dermatology, which was held in Buenos Aires, there was a lot of talk about this topic, which at the time is a skin disorder caused by a fungus, very common in children, especially those with pets Rabbits, cats or dogs.

| 09:00 | "If envy were ringworm." Notes the popular expression. Ringworm may not be as frequent as envy, but dermatologists are ensuring that more and more cases are seen, especially in children. During the Latin American Congress of Pediatric Dermatology, which was held in Buenos Aires, there was a lot of talk about this topic, which at the time is a skin disorder caused by a fungus, very common in children, especially those with pets Rabbits, cats or dogs.

"If envy were ringworm." Notes the popular expression.

Ringworm may not be as frequent as envy, but dermatologists are ensuring that more and more cases are seen, especially in children.

During the Latin American Congress of Pediatric Dermatology, which was held in Buenos Aires, there was a lot of talk about this topic, which at the time is a skin disorder caused by a fungus, very common in children, especially those with pets Rabbits, cats or dogs.

A 20 percent increase in dermatological consultations for this disease has been observed, which have been maintained over the past 4 years.

According to an epidemiological study conducted at the Maternal and Child Hospital of San Isidro and directed by Dr. Silvia Pueyo, head of the Dermatology service of that hospital, scalp ringworms still represent an epidemiological problem, whose main source of infection is contact With pets

And the rabbit too

The study included 78 children with a clinical diagnosis of ringworm, those with an average age of 4 years, of which 69.2 percent were boys.

Only 2.8 percent of the boys who went to the consultation had had this problem at that time for the first time.

In 35.5 percent of the boys, the evidence showed that they had contracted ringworm by contact with dogs, 19.4 percent with cats, and 32.3 percent with dogs and cats.

In 85 percent of cases the pet lived inside the house.

Dogs and cats transmit the fungus Microsporum canis and rabbits Trichophyton mentagrophytes.

The first of these agents is responsible for cases with greater frequency in the environment: their incidence was 94.5 percent.

However, in recent years there has been an increase in ringworm produced by contact with rabbits, as reflected in the numbers of the Pediatric Dermatology section of the Ramos Mejía Hospital, by Dr. Margarita Larralde, president of the Congress.

Between 15 and 20 percent of all ringworms, they say, are produced precisely by the rabbit.

It is very common for the rabbit to use it as a pet.

The fact is that the lesions produced by this fungus usually cause significant inflammations.

"In our environment, for a long time, we see a large number of patients who had a very inflammatory and purulent ringworm, which is related to the ringworm of rabbits," says Dr. Larralde to characterize the trichophytic ringworm.

In boys this causes a very inflamed lesion. Therefore, the presence of rabbits in the home is discouraged from dermatology.

Not so simple diagnosis

Of 250 dermatophytes detected last year in the service of the mentioned Buenos Aires hospital, 37 were transmitted by rabbits, the rest by cats, dogs and guinea pigs, being more common that transmitted by cats, which the smaller they are, the more risk they have of producing the disease.

Ringworm is often confused with bacterial infections, so a dermatologist's diagnosis is important since many times these children are surgically operated for misdiagnosis.

The most frequent treatment for ringworm is the application of griseofulvin orally.

Dr. Larralde points out that in adults the type of ringina "of hairless skin" is more frequent, in which the lesion is usually an eczema in the form of a halo.

In contrast, ringworm of the scalp is the most common in children.

They are round lesions, he describes, where the hairs appear to have been cut flush.

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