The Sphynx, known as Esfingue catThey are a very special breed that was born in 1964 from a genetic mutation of the Devon Rex breed. Some especially affectionate cats that are characterized by being the only breed that lacks a bush of hair, which does not mean that they do not have hair, since they do have very short and fine hair. If you are thinking of adopting one, it is important to know the guidelines for caring for a sphinx cat.
Things to keep in mind to care for a sphinx cat
Having no hair means caring for a sphinx cat differently than a cat of any other breed. It is a cat that does not groom itself, which causes a protective fat to accumulate in its skin when they sweat. Your hygiene depends on the people who take care of you, so it is recommended to give it a monthly bath. Although not all sphinx cats get dirty in the same way. The best thing is that you observe and find the periodicity to bathe yours.
When caring for a sphinx cat, keep in mind that they don't have eyebrows, eyelashes, or mustaches. You should take special care of the eyes, since this breed is prone to accumulate disgust in the eyes and wax in the ears. To maintain a correct hygiene, tarnish serum in a sterile gauze and carefully wash the cat's eye. Remember to use a different gauze for each eye!
The same care you have with your eyes, you also have to have it with your ears. Another aspect to care for a sphinx cat is to clean the ears with sterile gauze and keep the nails cut. With the scrapers from Yagu you will have to cut them less frequently.
Another factor to consider is the temperature. It is important that your sphinx cat is kept at a constant temperature of about 20ºC in winter and know protect your pets from heat so that the temperature is not excessive during the summer months. Keep a close eye on your cat's sunstroke and avoid burning with the sun.
Caring for a sphinx cat does not require much more than caring for another type of cat. You must take these considerations into account due to the specific characteristics of this breed. If you are thinking of adopting one, we recommend that you choose a Sphynx for being special, very affectionate, playful and vivacious.
Sphinx cat feeding
The sphynx cat requires a different diet to that of the vast majority of feline races. Lacking a thick coat of hair (they are covered by very short hair, almost undetectable to the eye and touch), sphinx cats have a more complex thermoregulatory system than the other breeds. Their body temperature is higher than that of furry cats to compensate for the lack of hair.
This more accelerated metabolism difference causes the sphinx cat to consume more food than any other cat of the same size. For this reason it is imperative to feed the sphinx cat in a special way.
To start with the care of a sphynx or sphinx cat, we will look for in the market specific feed for sphinx cats. These foods are prepared for all the demanding nutritional needs of the sphynx cat, which need more protein and fat in their diet that breeds of cats with hair.
While a cat feed places its protein above 30% and fat around 20%, the Sphinx cat needs a food that, at least, contains 35% protein and 25% fat.
Sphinx cat bath and hygiene
Sphinx cats sweat and accumulate a protective grease, oily texture, on your skin. This circumstance causes them to get dirty more often than cats with hair. In addition, they cannot properly groom themselves, so they depend on their caregiver for proper hygiene.
Although generally recommended a monthly bath, not all sphinx cats get dirty as quickly. For that reason, you should be aware of the texture of your skin, the accumulation of dirt and even a reddish tone in your dermis. Remember that small folds in your skin may tend to accumulate dirt and microorganisms, causing the appearance of scabies, among other diseases.
For the bathroom, we will use specific products for sphinx cats, since the excess of bath or the use of inappropriate products can cause a greasy skin in the cat and even serious irritations in its delicate dermis. If we do not find specific products for sphynx cats, we can look for shampoo for sensitive skin cats as well as cat wipes. If the sphinx cat, also known as the Egyptian cat, is not neatly dressed, the appearance and feel of its skin is greatly diminished. Which causes the poor animal to be uncomfortable and sad.
Sphinx cat eye hygiene
Sphynx lack eyelashes, so that the care of your eyes are more rigorous than usual in other races. They are more subject to infections, therefore constant hygiene is paramount. You must soak a sterile gauze with physiological serum (acquired in pharmacies and some supermarkets). With this wet gauze the cat's eye will be carefully washed. A different gauze should be used for each eye.
Auricular cat hygiene sphynx
As with the eyes, we must also maintain thorough hygiene of the sphinx cat's ears, which have a certain tendency to accumulate mites, grease and wax if they are not cleaned with the appropriate frequency. Also use sterile gauze to clean your cat's ears. You will only need to surround your finger with the gauze and move it carefully inside the ear pavilion to eliminate such accumulation.
Finally, highlight the importance of cutting and removing accumulated dirt from the ones. The habitual use of the scraper will help us to have to cut them less frequently, besides being an enriching and positive activity for the cat.
Extra care in winter
In spite of our attempts to conserve the heat of the home, it can happen that the temperatures drop too much and we need to protect it properly. For this we can use clothes for cats and offer a bed or fluffy nest and blankets. So you can take refuge when you need it. We can also heat your cans of wet food or homemade recipes that we prepare occasionally.
Extra care in summer
Exposure to the sun's rays they can cause sunstroke and even severe burns. For that reason it is highly recommended to monitor your exposure to the sun during the hottest summer seasons and pay special attention to your dermis and behavior to detect any problem promptly.
Sphynx cat diseases and health problems
It is important to go to veterinarian every 6 or 12 months to promptly detect any disease and verify that your health status is appropriate. In addition, the veterinarian will help us to correctly follow the vaccination schedule and deworming of our sphynx cat. Some of the most common diseases or health problems can be:
- Bad smell: It is usually caused by deficiencies in the hygiene of the sphinx cat. Remember that you should wash every 1 or 2 months at the most due to its excessive production of fat and sweat, as well as clean your eyes, ears and genitals.
- Scabies: It is one of the most common skin problems and is directly related to hygienic deficiencies in the cat. It can also be caused by contagion upon contact with other infected animals and humans.
- Allergies: As with all types of cats, the sphynx cat can suffer from food or environmental allergies. We usually detect them by rashes on the dermis.
- Feline immunodeficiency: Also known as feline AIDS, this disease is very contagious among individuals of the same species and its consequences are serious, since the animal loses immune defenses and is susceptible to getting sick on a regular basis. It is transmitted by bites from infected cats and through sexual intercourse.
- Feline coronavirus: It is a virus that mutates easily and can cause very different symptoms in our feline, including weakness, vomiting or diarrhea. There is no specific treatment, the symptoms of coronavirus should be alleviated.
- Feline infectious peritonitis: It is usually caused by the feline coronavirus, mentioned above, and it is an inflammation of the blood vessels.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: It is a very common disease in cats and its origin is genetic. It usually appears in breeding lines in which members of the same family are used to reproduce, something very negative in the health of puppies, who get to develop more easily this type of diseases.
Following our advice, paying attention to possible diseases and going to the veterinarian whenever necessary, our sphynx cat can place your longevity between 14 and 20 years.
If you want to read more articles similar to Care of a sphynx or sphinx cat, we recommend that you enter our Basic Care section.
Basic care of the Sphinx cat
Among the most basic care of a sphinx cat, one of the most important things is the temperature of the cat. In winter you have to have a constant temperature of about 20 degrees, and in summer you have to have watch out for the sun, since it can burn just like people. The same should be protected from the cold in winter.
Another aspect to consider is the hygiene of the sphinx cat. Since he also has no hair and has the highest body temperature, the sphinx cat usually sweat. For body cleaning you can use a wet cloth or baby wipes that it will be necessary to pass them gently through the skin. In addition, in them the mushrooms they are more common, can occur in skin and also in ears.
In addition, as it is a cat that has neither eyebrows nor eyelashes, it usually produces legacies to protect your eyes, and also usually produce wax in the ears. Therefore, hygiene with special products in both areas: eye and ears.
Keep your vaccination program at bay. Like other cats, the Sphinx can be vaccinated for infections and diseases such as feline leukemia (FeLV), Infectious peritonitis (PIF), Herpesvirus (VRF), and Calicivirus (CVF), Panleukopenia, Chlamydiasis, Bordeletosis or Rabies. Your veterinarian will keep you informed of his vaccine schedule
Follow the treatment of periodic deworming to prevent and avoid external parasites (fleas, ticks.) and internal parasites (intestinal worms, protozoa.).
To take care of your Sphinx cat's health do not miss your appointment with the veterinarian, a annual review It will help to detect and prevent diseases such as kidney failure and urinary problems, among others.
It seems that the Sphynx or Sphinx cat it is not the first race of cats "that have no hair". There are historical documents of the early twentieth century in which we talk about some bare cats that were seen in New Mexico.
These specimens, which were referred to as "Mexican hairless cats", could have been originally owned by indian tribes from the North American area of Albuquerque.
It is known that later, over the 50s, breeders obtained several “yes hair” kittens from a litter of French Siamese. It is known that subsequent pairings of the same couple ended up repeating that result. However, hairless cats were never again obtained from crossings among other Siamese cats.
Some individuals emerged in places as diverse as Moroccan, Australian, North American and Canadian lands.
This last location is more documented. Apparently there were a couple of domestic cats with short fur that, in one of their litters, obtained a cat «bald«.
As of that moment, in 1966, one begins to experiment with the breeding destined to produce hairless cats. Ryadh Bawa It was done with the two animals that crossed to get the cat without a mantle and asked for help from other people who were breeding.
However, when his work got to be included in the standards as new race and color, he ended up withdrawing recognition. It happened in 1971 and the reason was that the cats that were obtained were not fertile. The race we know today comes from a marriage of Minnesota farmers.
In 1975 they realized that their normal cat had given birth hairless cat. Epidermis, which was named after the first specimen, was crossed a year later with another "hairless" to which they called Dermis.
They ended up in the hands of an Oregon breeder. He was in charge of starting work to develop a new breed. It is fascinating to know that, almost simultaneously, in Canada, a siamese breeder encountered three hairless stray kittens.
He donated one, in 1983, to a Dutch doctor who crossed it with a white Devon Rex. The offspring of these crosses, plus those in Minnesota and Oregon were known today as Sphynx cat breed. His lack of fur is due to a recessive gene. To give a cat of these characteristics a couple of genes are needed. That's why they are so scarce.
Characteristics of the Sphynx cat
This cat breed does not leave anyone indifferent. It is loved and detested in equal parts. For its detractors it is an animal devoid of beauty. However, those who worship these cats claim that they are unique, due to the spontaneous mutation of their genetics.
Anyway, among its main features is the lack of hair and this is not so. The cat Sphynx orSphinx is a cat with a texture like peach skin or suede. It is covered with a very fine and short hair, practically imperceptible to our eyes and our touch, but it is there.
It is medium in size, although it must be specified that there are two varieties of Sphynx, a European and another North American. So, depending on it, its length ranges from medium to medium-long.
It fascinates his apostura, thanks to the chest width. However, his belly is rounded, as if he had just eaten. His body is hard and muscular. The head is usually medium sized. It is not an angular face, rather rounded. The shape of your skull is a little longer than wide, with a flat forehead and protruding cheekbones.
The ears are huge, which gives excuses to its detractors to say that it is like a kind of bat. They are wide at their base and very open. They do not fall forward or backward. Its interior is completely depopulated with hairiness.
Sphynx cat's eyes are very large compared to the rest of his face. They are shaped, stretched towards the ears. Your look can be of many colors, although it is desirable that it resembles the color of your coat. Perhaps the most striking are those with yellow eyes.
Owns a very flexible tail, which narrows as we get closer to the tip. It is very proportionate to the length of its body and, sometimes, it has a tuft of hairs at its end.
We can say that it is a very intelligent cat, with a capacity for memory and attention, out of the ordinary, compared to other cat breeds. It is both a cat that is going to demand a lot of love and closeness. It is not uncommon to follow us around the house and take advantage of any carelessness to jump on it so that we hug it and give it warmth.
Is sociable with other four-legged companion, like cats and dogs and yes, he loves to be the center of attention and when he proposes a thing, he doesn't stop until he gets it.
He loves to play and if he has a good cat tree, climb and jump to the top. Always look for the warmest places in the house in winter and the coolest in summer. Is meower when hungry and as a good cat, he loves to sleep, curled up in his favorite place, sometimes it can be in people's lap.
Curiosities of the Sphinx cat
Have been discovered pre-Columbian vessels with representations of the Sphinx cat. Although the Egyptian cat actually does have hair, even if it is so thin and short that we cannot see it.
The shape of his head and those darkened eyes say they inspired Steven Spielberg for his famous aliens.
Studies indicate that it may be more prone than other cats to get feline immunodeficiency, the equivalent of human HIV. It is transmitted by infected bite or by sexual transmission.
Nor do they have eyebrows or eyelashes, so they breed a kind of litter, to protect their eyes. Mustaches are rather scarce and very short. Your body can have up to four degrees more than other races.
Sphynx cat care
The Sphynx cat needs a special diet. They have a very accelerated metabolism that serves as a regulator of their temperature, something very necessary to have no body hair. This is the reason why they need more food than the rest of cat breeds.
Anyway, it is very important that it is you who administers it. If you put it on once you will end up devouring it. Search one balanced feeding, especially for sphinx cats. It is complemented with more protein and fat.
The Sphinx cat sweats. In doing so excrete an oily substance It helps them keep their skin hydrated. They are also not cats that like to groom themselves, so you will have to be the one to clean them.
It is recommended one bath per month. Anyway you should be the one who is aware of how much your hairless cat has become dirty, to provide the hygiene it needs and that does not have skin infections. Clean the folds well and between your wrinkles.
We already told you that the Egyptian cat has no eyelashes, so you need to be aware of his eyes. Buy special products for cleaning and always keep in mind that it is a very delicate area. For remove excess legañas and any substance that bothers them, you can use saline and gauze.
The lack of hair in their ears leaves them completely unprotected. It is necessary that you also learn to clean your hearing aids, very given to accumulate wax, grease and mites.
To do so, you just have to wrap a little gasket around your finger and insert it into your ears, rubbing very gently.
Beware of the temperature of the house and the outdoor outlets. These cats are "naked." Your body temperature usually up to 4 ° above average. You have to ensure that it does not exceed 20 °.
When you are outside, try not to be exposed to the sun. Your skin is very delicate and burns very easily. Be aware that it does not give you a heat stroke.
In winter, however, they are very sensitive to cold. It is good that you wear clothes for cats and that you leave some blankets in your bed, so that you can take refuge if you need it.
Diseases that Sphynx can suffer
As for cat diseases, the sphinx cat can be prone to mange. Due to poor hygiene and care of your skin and its folds. They are also usually affected by some allergies that can cause skin rashes and dermatitis.
Like other cats, care must be taken with feline coronavirus, infectious peritonitis and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
To keep the Sphynx cat healthy and happy a visit to the vet is recommended every six months and follow all the advice for a good feeding and hygiene of the animal. You can live more than 15 years.
Buy or adopt a Sphynx cat?
In FeelCats we always recommend adopting, regardless of race or provenance, whether it is Sphynx or a stray cat. There are many cats waiting for an opportunity in shelters and shelters in your city. But, if you decide to buy a Sphynx cat, You have to know that its price is between € 500 and € 2000. You must make sure that you buy from quality and responsible breeders, that possess all the certifications and the guarantees so that it is a well treated animal. How can you make sure this is so?
A breeder must:
– Reply your doubts, attend exhibitions and know the race well.
- It's good to have references from other breeders.
- Your animals must be inscribed in the Book of Spanish Origins (LOE) and regulated pedigree.
- Try to deliver the animal with the chip, vaccines, the veterinarian's card, wormed ...
- Finally, the animal he needs to be with his mother for a minimum of two months, so don't hurry to take your sphynx cat and be suspicious if they want to.
We have told you about Sphynx cat, but we would like to know your opinion about them. Dare to share it in the comments of this article and share with the world, if you liked it and provided interesting information.