Pomeranian dogs demand a much greater care of their hair than other dogs because of their high capillary density. We show you here how to do it.
The hair It is a feature that makes us recognize a Pomeranian more easily. It is the smallest dog of the Spitz. These dogs are characterized by have two layers of hair. The first, a lower layer that serves as protective, shorter and woolly. The second layer, the upper one, is a longer, smooth and detached coat of the body.
Is about a very dense hair with a lot of volume, looking like stuffed animals or hairballs just out of the washing machine. Having such characteristic hair, you have to take into account their washing and especially brushing, not letting more than a week go by between one brushing and the next, since knots and hairballs can form.
Brushing the Pomeranian
For the hair of our Pomeranian look beautiful and careful We must dedicate some time to your care and brushing. To prevent hair from breaking when brushing, it is recommended that before doing so let's spray it with a moisturizer, since it will also help us in brushing.
It is best to use a brush long spikes and a metal comb. We will brush our Pomeranian in counterbalance and in layers, this will help us reach all the tufts and forget about all the entanglements. In case of meet a knot, we can spray it with a little more moisturizer. First we will try to undo it with our fingers to prevent the hair from breaking and then we will hit it with a comb.
If we can avoid cutting the knots, we will do it. In case of not being able to undo it, we will always cut it with a scissor and very carefully. But to prevent this from happening, it is best to brush our dog's hair once a day. With the comb we can help each other to Give it shape and volume. In addition, if we want, for special occasions we can use specific sprays or foams. It is not advisable to abuse them as they can end up damaging our pet's hair.
As we mentioned earlier, Pomeranian hair has Lots of volume and is very dense. Therefore, it is best to keep you well hydrated and always use a conditioner after shampooing. If not, although the hair will maintain its volume, but sand you will see dry and mistreated, in addition it will lose its brightness and its natural beauty.
We should not bathe our Pomeranian more than twice a month, although this will also depend on the lifestyle you lead, as well as how dirty your fur is. If we use appropriate products and perform a good washing and drying of your hair, so that your hair every time looks more beautiful.
The best thing we can do before giving a bath is to brush your hair and untangle it, in order to prevent the fur from breaking and Your washing is more optimal. When you start bathing, we should spray it well with water and that all parts of your body are wet, as well as both layers of hair and skin. Once wet, we will apply the shampoo all over the body, with a light massage with the fingertips to make sure the shampoo penetrates perfectly and trying not to get your hair tangled. Then, if the shampoo bottle indicates it, we will let it sit for a while and then proceed to rinse. If necessary, the operation can be repeated.
After applying the shampoo, we will proceed to apply the mask, conditioner or balm in the same way that we apply the shampoo, seeing that it reaches everywhere and with a gentle massage. Normally this conditioner let it stand for 5 minutes, although we must check what it puts in the container so as not to exceed or fall short of time.
We must also take into account if said mask needs clarification or not, since there are some that do not need it. If so, we will clarify our dog, seeing that there are no remains left anywhere, we will wrap it in a towel and proceed to its drying.
You have to dry all parts of the body well to avoid colds, deep and even bad odors due to moisture. In the Pomeranian, as in all dogs with long hair, special attention must be paid drying attention, since, having so much, we have to see your skin dry too. Nor should you put the dryer at the maximum temperature in terms of heat, as we can damage your skin. It is also advisable to brush your hair while it dries to avoid tangles and knots.
We will dry the hair against the hair to give it volume. With the help of the brushIn addition to avoiding knots, we can separate the hair by strands to make us aware that practically all parts of your body will dry, from the hair to the skin. In addition, it will help us to shape the hair and give it volume, so as to avoid being caked. In any case, if we do not want to bathe ourselves, because we do not have time or do not want to complicate it, we can always take you to the dog groomer.
Can you cut a pomeranian's hair?
A frequent question of pomeranian dog tutors is whether they can cut their dog's hair and how often they should do it. Some regular visits to the dog grooming can help keep the length Ideal for its fur.
The frequency of these "hygienic cuts" will depend on the growth rate of the mantle of each pomeranian, which depends not only on its own metabolism, but also on environmental conditions. In the same way, to know how long does it take to grow hair In a Pomeranian, you should be aware of the pace of growth of your dog. We can calculate that, after one or two months of cutting their fur, the dog will recover the size of the fur before cutting.
However, it is not recommended to shave the pomeranian, since its fur plays a very important role when it comes to protecting your skin and your body, as well as helping you manage the heat correctly. If we decide to shave a Pomeranian, in addition to exposing it to cold in winter and suffering a heat stroke in summer, as well as burns, we could also damage its sharp follicles (small skin glands that concentrate stem cells, allowing hair growth and directly influencing its quality).
Things you will need
There are some basic supplies that are needed to ensure that the puppy can thrive at home. Some of these include:
- Good preparation brush
- High quality dog food (dry)
- A lot of cold water
- Patience for training
- Small toys suitable for the dog
- The training electrodes (or newspaper)
- Collar and strap
Tips and warnings
There are some things you need to know about your Pomeranian including:
- It can be very picky
- He needs frequent brushing.
- Watch for health problems
- Prone to dislocated kneecap (dislocated knee)
- It requires walking every day and exercising
- Poms love the attention
- Teeth need attention
- May suffer from blood sugar
- Get regular veterinary control and give all medications as directed (heartworm medications may be necessary every month)
- Bathing is not recommended more often than every 3 weeks in order to avoid dry skin
How often can you bathe a pomeranian?
The regular baths they are important to maintain optimum hygiene in the pomeranian fur, but they should not be given too frequently. Usually, it is recommended to bathe your pomeranian every two or three months, or when the dog is really dirty and needs cleaning. By excessively bathing your dog, you will be eliminating the natural oiliness that covers and protects your entire body, leaving it more vulnerable to numerous diseases and skin problems. In addition, constant washing can damage the quality of your coat, removing shine and softness.
Before you start bathing your pomeranian at home, it will be essential to choose the right products for the care of your pel. For a Pomeranian puppy, the ideal is to use specific products made for this first canine stage. And if you have recently adopted a Pomeranian puppy, remember also that your first bath can only be done after completing your first cycle of vaccines and internal and external deworming. There are some exceptions, but for this we recommend consulting with a veterinarian.
When your best friend reaches adulthood, you will find a wide variety of shampoos and conditioners made for long-haired dogs, some even to provide greater volume to their fur. Always remember to make a brushed before bath, since it becomes more complicated to remove the dirt and undo the knots with wet fur. If you have doubts about this process, in ExpertAnimal we also have a special article to teach you how to bathe your dog at home correctly.
At the end of the complete wash, it will be essential dry the mantle well and the skin of your pomeranian to prevent the dog from being cold or accumulating moisture, which favors the proliferation of microorganisms. The dryer will be a very useful ally to provide optimal drying to your pomeranian's fur, but before using it you will need to accustom your dog to the dryer in a positive way.
In addition to taking care of the hair of a pomeranian, it will be essential to provide the necessary care to preserve its good health and keep it physically and mentally well stimulated, since all this impact on your well-being and, at the same time, in a good physical appearance.
If you have decided to adopt a furry of this breed, we invite you to know the care of the Pomeranian dog to provide an excellent quality of life to your best friend. Remember also that all dogs, regardless of their breed, should receive adequate preventive medicine throughout their lives.
If you want to read more articles similar to How to care for the hair of a pomeranian dog?We recommend that you enter our Hair Care section.
While your Pomeranian puppy probably weighs less than two pounds, you don't need to be worried about letting him down. Make sure that before doing that you have established a food and water bowl in the place where it will be permanent. Pomeranians are not particularly fond of change. Show your Pomeranian puppy, where food and water is (make sure you are asked what you eat). Make sure your dog does not eat too much (which are usually over-eaters). Once they are aware of where food and water, allowing them to explore all areas that are off limits.
The drawer training
When you start your Pomeranian train from the drawer, remember that you should not use the cage for punishment. Should you do this, you will find that your Pomeranian will be less likely to use your cage when you are absent or at night. Drawer training should begin immediately, even if the Pomeranian objects!
Don't just put your Pomeranian in cash and close the door. Instead, with the opening of the case, it will help you get in and let you get acquainted with the case (with the door open), and talk to him and play with him. This will make you feel more comfortable. You may want to put in your favorite blanket or toy too. Do not force him into cash immediately, instead, work with him until he feels comfortable.
His first attempts to put his Pomeranian puppy on a leash very likely to be very funny. Pomeranians have "barrier" problems, which often result in their servileness when they feel a new (and unknown) surface under their feet. This includes sidewalks. Familiarizing your Pomeranian puppy with a leash and the outdoors will require a lot of patience.
Bringing a small deal with you in case your puppy goes to the bathroom while you are away - immediately rewarding your Pomeranian puppy for good behavior will result in more good behavior. Training belt will be very patient - be sure to make the same trip several times until the Pomeranian is comfortable to go with your belt.
Remember that your Pomeranian is a high energy dog and a walk every day will help you burn some of that energy!
Food and grooming of your Pomeranian
Food and water
Judging by power as your Pomeranian is your food. Some Pomeranians are likely to eat only until they have had their ration and then they will walk, no matter how much food was left. If your dog tends to eat too much, leave only the recommended amounts of food and pick it up when finished. This little dog can gain weight very quickly.
Do not allow your dog to eat table food - although there are some exceptions. Pomeranians tend to love celery, carrots and other vegetables and fruits. Until you feed them raisins or grapes, small pieces of fruits and vegetables will not harm them. Also in this case, remember to avoid overfeeding.
You can easily groom your Pomeranian at home, just talk to your veterinarian about the best way to do it. The water should be warm at all times, it should thoroughly clean caked debris around the eyes, not have water in the ears, etc. If you dry your Pomeranian with a hair dryer, do it in a cool environment.
Pay special attention to the back of your Pomeranian with the matte frequency in that area of feces and other wastes. This can be easily remedied by regular cleaning. Brushing should be done carefully to keep your dog's shiny coat wrap mats and help too.
smart toilet and bathing
Like most dogs, your Pomeranian will have to rule. These little dogs have a special beautiful fur that is very high maintenance. A Pomeranian has two hands, a bottom layer that is soft and a coat that is much larger. Pomeranian to shed its lower layer depending on its sex. Females are subpelo thrown when under stress, pregnancy or when in heat. Males shed their bottom layers once a year.
Brush your Pomeranian's shield
Your Pomeranian requires regular brushing. The Pomeranian teddy bear cut is the most popular among Pomeranian owners. These puppies are active pint size regular preparation to keep their fur is matted. Regular brushing helps keep your coat a beautiful shine. You can brush every day if you want, but certainly not less than two or three times a week.
You need a good brush. Do not skimp on buying an appropriate brush preparation. Pomeranian skin is very dense and therefore the bristles of the brush must penetrate the skin. Most Pomeranian puppies love to be brushed. By their nature, these dogs are what we would call in vain and want to look good.
Between brushing your Pomeranian, you want to look for mats. Mats can be easily corrected with a brush carefully through them.
Your Pomeranian's bathroom
Pomeranian puppies should ideally be bathed every two to three months. If your dog is prone to being very dirty, you can also bathe more often. Use a high quality dog shampoo. You may need to use a conditioned rinse to help keep the skin from getting tangled. Do not use shampoo that is for use in humans on your Pomeranian (or any other dog). Human shampoo can cause serious skin problems.
fleas, ticks and other concerns
Fleas and ticks
All dogs are prone to fleas and if they leave. If there are other pets in the house they can share fleas. The use of flea shampoos and sauces should be limited to infestations. Use a monthly flea and ticks or a flea collar to keep your Pomeranian fleas free. You should check your Pom frequently for ticks, since your thick skin is an ideal hiding place. Pay special attention to the area behind the ears and under the chin.
Your Pomeranian can grow very long hair between the toes. It is important to maintain this haircut (especially in winter), as you collect the waste. Nails should be cut square. Be careful to avoid the rapid bleeding that can cause.
Check your Pomeranian's ears regularly. Keep clean and dry. The easiest way to clean them is with a small wet facial towel. Check your ears frequently for ticks, mites and other pests.
Enjoy your Pomeranian and take care of him. These dogs are very affectionate that will provide hours of fun and pleasure.
Remember, attention, nutrition and training will help you enjoy every minute of your Pomeranian puppy. As a general rule, these dogs live about 15 years.
Moquillo shots regular heartworm treatments and proper oral hygiene can help ensure your Pomeranian stays healthy throughout your life.
Everything you should know about Pomeranian
Its image of eternal puppy conquers on its own and this beautiful ball of hair is one of the most demanded dwarf breeds. These canines they belong to the spitz family and they owe their name to the Central Pomeranian region, located in eastern Germany, being classified by size as toy dogs.
Charming by nature, this little one delights all those people who want a small, distinguished and compact pet, whose temper is first and foremost cheerful, energetic, vital and endowed with its own character.
His intelligence leaves no one indifferent and the dense double layer of which he presumes, which may be of different colors, is one of his main and most attractive distinctive features.
Although today it is known for being one of the smallest breeds that make up the group of miniature dogs, the Pomeranian it was previously a dog of a larger size. That is why many people are surprised when they appear in old paintings next to which they were their wealthy owners, responding to standards much higher than the current ones.
The Pomeranian descends from european working dogs and was also highly valued as a pet for ladies in Roman societies and classical Greece, the latter time in which he called "Maltese dog", a name that has sometimes led to confusion.
In their origins they were used for the control of sheep and cattle as well as to collect reindeer. In these times they were also known as spitz or wolfspitz wolf dogs or fox dogs and they were said to never fail when they attacked, even in the case of protecting the flock against the attack of a wolf. These dogs were also used in the wastelands of Siberia and Russia to pull the sleds.
Already in the twentieth century came the transformation of the race, ceasing to perform all the work we have been referring to. The Pomeranian was introduced into higher social circles every time, at the same time that the breeders were achieving the desired reduction of the animal and its wide hue of colors.
As a historical curiosity we can point out that the night of the sinking of the Titanic, which was from April 14 to 15, 1912, only three dogs survived that could be rescued, two of them of the Pomeranian breed, one of which responded to the name of "Lady."
Characteristics and physical features
The current Pomeranian is a small puppy that has the peculiarity that males tend to be smaller than females, contrary to what happens in larger breeds. The standard says it should be provided according to your size ...
Small dog, but robust and compact, moves with extraordinary agility. His pretty fox head draws attention in its path. This breed still maintains various features of the Spitz dogs that were previously, recalling their expression to that of a small fox.
Its anatomy highlights its small pointed ears and its deep dark eyes that give it its striking facial expression.
With a weight that ranges between 1.5 and 3.5 kilos and a height at the cross of up to 22 centimeters, it is a long-lived dog whose average life is situated between14 and 18 years old.
Coat and colors
The colors of the dogs of this breed are many and varied, covering a wide range that goes from black to white, going through coffee, brown, reddish, orange, cinnamon, wolf gray, nuanced gray and many others. This detracts from the belief that many people have that their natural color is only reddish, similar to that of the fox.
Its abundant coat is double layer. While the sublayer is woolly and soft, the outer layer has a rough texture, is smooth and does not stick to the body. The hair of the neck, the front of the shoulders and the chest is also very abundant, forming a cap.
The anterior and posterior extremities have good fringes and as for its tail it is also completely covered with hair, tending to show a duster appearance. From all this it follows that their fur requires care, so it is an ideal breed for those who enjoy grooming their pets.
The character of the Pomeranian is curious, brave, bold and docile. A race sure of itself that with strangers is distant and with its own wastes tenderness and tranquility. Playful like him alone, his extreme intelligence makes I need intellectual stimulation.
Left behind their livestock dog instincts, once it became popular as a companion dog they were selected, among other features, those of their behavior, so that it was a homely dog.
Today is a very affectionate lapdog who loves the company and who hates spending a lot of time alone, a circumstance that must be taken into account before adopting a pomeranian.
That said, it is a race that It adapts to very diverse families as long as they are able to provide you with the walks and the daily attention you need, as well as adequate time for your training.
Some specimens tend to develop an excessive brick, an attitude that must be corrected as soon as it appears, always using positive training techniques.
Of good-natured character, the intelligence that we have already mentioned allows these little ones to comply with orders very quickly and adapt incredibly well to new environments and situations.
This breed is especially recommended for those who seek in their lives a loyal companion, who does not require a large economic investment for its maintenance and who, despite having a coat that needs regular grooming, does not require excessive care.
He is also a very advisable puppy for the elderly, to do his best by being cheerful and affectionate. Very easy to care for, offers enough company. As a family, you will also feel great and also adapt to life with a single owner with whom you live in a small apartment.
Regarding their owners, they tend to develop very powerful bonds of union, by sticking a lot to them. Despite their tiny size, they exhibit great character, to the point that some become quite territorial, so they are good watchdogs, alerting to the presence of strangers.
Relationship with other pets
In general, the Pomeranian is well prepared to share the house with other pets, which will also depend on the character of the other animals. It is more difficult for older dogs and cats to quickly accept a new tenant in their home, although some may not be reluctant to do so. On the part of the Pomeranian, The relationship he usually establishes with other canine or feline companions is usually sincere and lasting.
A different matter is the way he reacts to other unknown animals, such as cats that he loves to chase. As for the rest of the dogs, when crossing with them, they do not usually feel fear, no matter how big they may be, the owners must be attentive so that such courage does not cause a mishap. Finally, it is not uncommon for anything aggressive to be shown to animals outside their environment.
Relationship with children
The treatment of this dog with children has varied greatly over time. Although in the past it was not considered a breed suitable for games with the smallest of the house, not being too patient with them, Today his character is much calmer, patient and affectionate.
For that reason, It can be an ideal companion to play with older children provided that the latter have also been educated in respect for their pets and do not tend to play too rough, that could cause some kind of accident to this miniature puppy.
Yes, they may not be the most suitable pets for families with children too youngWell, it would not be strange that since at a young age they do not understand very well the risks of treating the small pomeranian as if it were a toy, they can harm him involuntarily.
An important rule to take into account when sharing games with him is that when he growls he is already demanding that his own space be left and that he not be disturbed, so it will be better to respect his wishes, thus avoiding any kind of incident.
In relation to their relationship with the rest of the people, the truth is that strangers do not usually like them too much. That does not mean that he will show traits of aggression towards them, but what is possible is that he observes them with a mixture of curiosity and distrust that is sympathetic.
We have already indicated that the pomeranian is not a dog that needs specific care, which makes its adoption even easier. If we add to this its extraordinary character, it is not surprising that more and more families are demanding the presence of one of their tiny specimens in their home.
You should be aware that the food you dispense with your little pomeranian must be of quality, since only this type of feeding will be the one that assures you that you are doing the best for your pet, both in terms of its appearance and your health. In the same way this factor will be decisive in relation to the longevity reached by your tiny friend.
The idea is that you choose a dry feed of quality and make sure that it contains the essential nutrients that your little one needs, without adding any byproduct or filler harmful to your health. It must be a complete, satiating food that provides the pet with all the energy it needs to be able to carry out the intense activity that characterizes it, so much that it has been worth it at times to participate in shows.
In this breed it is especially important that you avoid being overweight, since many of its specimens tend to develop problems of patellar dislocation that can cause considerable pain.
- Food for adult dogs
- For small dogs from 1 to 10 kg
- Strengthen the joints
This dynamic companion needs, like any other pet, adequate hygiene that will also be appreciated by the rest of the family. Based on the fact that "teacup" puppies, given their small size, tend to end up comfortably installed in the lap of all their members, this closeness requires adequate hygiene that also will not cost you provide.
To the oral problems typical of miniature puppies, breeds that usually accumulate bacterial plaque or tartar that has among its consequences the development of bad breath or halitosis, it must be added that the pomeranian can suffer from early tooth loss.
For this reason you have to pay special attention to the care of your teeth and gums. Proper oral hygiene is the ideal prevention measure when trying to avoid infections and tooth decay that result in loss of teeth.
Accustom your pet to tooth brushing from puppy It is a good way that infections do not appear that, if serious, can get to transfer the bacteria to the bloodstream and generate liver, kidney and heart problems.
Feeding him with dry feed is also a positive contribution in this regard, which you can reinforce by establishing for your little friend a system of awards that are based on those bones or cookies that are marketed for these purposes, taking care that such a system does not imply an excessive caloric intake.
Bath and drying
The pomeranian should be bathed once a month. Its fluffy fur, with a finish that seems fresh out of the dryer, is very dense, with abundant undercoat and large volume. Keeping it in perfect condition goes through hydrate enough and use a good shampoo that will be followed by a conditioner.
Do not fall into the error of thinking that the conditioner will "plump" the appearance of its coat and that it will lose volume. This is false and, moreover, if you do not use the conditioner, your pet will end up with a brittle and dry coat, which will not look vital or shine. Your skin will also dry out, causing itching that will make your little one scratch, irritating the skin and forming knots that will cause hair breakage.
After your bath the ideal is remove all excess water with a towel and proceed to dry it perfectly with an electric dryer, at a moderate temperature and without bringing the device too close to your body, avoiding burning.
Although drying in any breed of dogs is important, in the Pomeranian it is especially due to its large amount of hair. It should be dry not only outside but also inside your skin. A good drying will prevent your pet from colds, as well as fungus and bad odors.
If you want to keep pomeranian hair perfect, you should spend a few minutes a day brushing. Recuerda siempre que debes utilizar un hidratante antes de aplicarle cepillo o peine para evitar que el pelo se rompa cuando comiences a cepillarlo.
Lo ideal será que te valgas de un peine metálico junto a un cepillo de púas largas y que cepilles siempre a contrapelo. Debes abrir el pelo en capas e ir comprobando que desenredas a fondo. Cuando encuentres un rudo, procede a rociarlo con un poco más de hidratante. Trata de abrirlo con los dedos y en caso de que no puedas, sigue intentándolo con una carda suave. Si no lo consigues, utiliza el peine.
El acabado final de profesional lo pondrán el cepillo de cerdas naturales y el peine, que darán forma y volumen al pelo. En ocasiones especiales puedes hacer que tu pomerania gane volumen con la ayudad de sprays y espumas específicos.
Al ser un perro de doble capa, lo idóneo es realizarle deslanados periódicos, sobre todo al comienzo de la muda, lo que le preparará tanto para el frío como para el calor. Para ello, llévale a la peluquería canina dos veces en el año y haz que coincidan con la época de muda.
Un aspecto a tener en cuenta es que a esta raza de perro no se le debe cortar demasiado el pelo y, por supuesto, tampoco rapárselo.