Female dogs can get pregnant every time they are in heat, which happens once every eight months. This fertility period lasts up to three weeks. In addition to becoming pregnant during this period, you may have altercations with the males if you do not feel prepared enough to mate. Taking her for a walk with the leash during the heat will help her avoid fights and, if you don't want a male to mate with her, she will stop her love breakthroughs.
Since pregnancy can be expensive, and sentimental for both you and your pet, it is usually better to leave the reproduction to the experts. If you want to prevent your dog from getting pregnant, you should consider sterilizing her. We offer you more information in our frequently asked questions about dog sterilization
Canine gestation usually lasts between 61 and 65 days, although you may not notice any obvious physical changes in your dog until the final stretch of pregnancy. There is no such thing as a canine pregnancy test that you can do at home, so you will wonder how to answer the question "Is my dog pregnant?"
There are several signs to watch for puppies on the way.
All about the zeal in the bitch
The first heat of the bitches usually comes when it is between 9 and 12 months old and they repeat it twice a year. It consists of four stages: proestro, estrus, right handed and anestro.
The first lasts between nine and fifteen days, and is noted by the expulsion of a reddish brown flow. The second, which also lasts about nine days, makes the vulva look reddish and inflamed. The right-handed phase can reach 80 days and the dog appears to be pregnant. In fact, it is in this phase of zeal when I could suffer from a psychological pregnancy.
By last, the anestro phase is the longest and one could say that it is like the ovulation of women, only in this case it could be extended up to 250 days. There are some races in which this happens and, therefore, they only have menstruation once a year.
How to know if my dog is in heat
There are many notable factors to the naked eye that can make us notice that our dog is in heat. These are some:
- Mood changes. Obviously, the zeal in the bitches is a hormonal and cradled process in which they fall apart, everything can happen in the mood of the animal.
- Swollen nipples When the dog is in heat it will have swollen breasts and you may feel pain to the touch.
- Obsessive interest of males. If you start to see many dogs around your dog, you better run away if you don't want to have puppies soon. This is an unequivocal sign that your dog is in heat.
- Bleeding. Sometimes you can ignore some of the signs already mentioned, but vaginal bleeding is the most ev>
Well, once you know the process and know how to identify it, the time has come to answer your question: can you bathe a bitch in heat?
Bathing a dog in heat, yes or no?
Let's be clear, the answer is yes. There is no objection that you bathe your dog in heat as long as you take some precautions. Bathing will be necessary if the flow has been abundant and to make the animal feel better, which will dry out thanks to hygiene.
However, Because your mood suffers, you have to try to avoid stress. Do not hurry, nor force it, use the positive reinforcement that always works. You can use the usual shampoo, but be especially careful when washing your most intimate parts.
Regulates the temperature of the water so that it is warm, and that it is constant. Water that is too cold or too hot may cause a shock of heat or cold in your body and make it feel worse.
Use a clean towel when drying it, since your intimate area will be sensitive and could easily catch an infection. Try that the material is very soft so that it is pleasant to the touch, and rather relieves instead of disturbing.
On the other hand, you should also remember that bitches lose more hair when they are in heat, so brushing before and after bathing will be very important.
Follow these tips and you will have no problem bathing a dog in heat. There are myths that surround many situations, but certainly being informed is always the best option to make good decisions.
Text: José Enrique Zaldívar
In this month's article I am going to refer to the pathologies that affect the mammary glands, some diseases that are very common in our dogs and that we must know in depth to recognize as soon as the first symptoms occur in order to react as soon as possible before them.
Mastitis is the bacterial infection of the mammary glands, and can occur in one or several, affecting postparturient female dogs. It can also occur in female dogs that breastfeed due to false pregnancy, although rarely. The clinical signs are variable in intensity and include hot, firm, swollen and sore glands. Fever, anorexia and dehydration are common. Puppies of female dogs affected by mastitis may cry because their mothers tend to neglect them. In severe cases, abscesses or glandular gangrene may appear.
The treatment will consist of the supply of antibiotics and fluid therapy when necessary. It must be aggressive so that the dog can assume her maternal behavior in the minimum possible time. It is important that the intake of liquids and solids is adequate to ensure continuous milk production. During lactation, food and liquid needs double with respect to pregnancy. Hot compresses applied to the affected glands several times a day can reduce swelling and pain. Veterinarians, when we choose the antibiotic, we must take into account its effects on the nursing infant.
Normally, in seven days the process is controlled, except in the case of abscesses or gangrene, which should be treated by surgery. Lactation may continue as long as the dog wishes and is able to provide adequate nutrition. It is important to monitor puppies in case they show signs of illness, and their weight gain should be monitored, which should be 10 percent of birth weight per day. If necessary, supplementary feeding or artificial rearing should be carried out.
It involves the accumulation and retention of milk within the mammary gland, another cause of the presence of hot, firm, swollen and painful mammary glands. Unlike mastitis, in galactostasis, breast secretions are not infected and the mother is not sick. Milk is simply made at a faster rate than can be stored in the glands comfortably.
This condition presents as a lactation that is not associated with pregnancy and childbirth. It is the most common clinical manifestation of false canine pregnancy. It occurs in the phase of the sexual cycle that is known as advanced right handed. It is usually self-limiting and does not need treatment.
NEOPLASIAS OR TUMORS MAMMARIES
They represent almost half of all tumors in female dogs. They are more frequent in older dogs with an average age of ten years. Many of those affected are whole females or patients who were castrated (ovariohysterectomized) in the advanced course of life. Breast tumors are rare in males and young animals of both sexes. Two recent studies on large dog populations have reported information on the incidence.
Breast tumors are usually discrete, firm and nodular masses. They can be located at any point along the breast chain. Its size is very variable, with a diameter that varies from a few millimeters to many centimeters. In more than half of the cases multiple glands are affected. They can adhere to overlapping skin but are usually not fixed to the underlying body wall. The malignant ones, more than the benign ones, tend to attach themselves to the body wall and be covered with ulcerated skin. On many occasions, if we press the nipples of the affected glands, we will see abnormal secretions coming out. Regional lymph nodes (axillary or inguinal) may be enlarged if there were metastases. The rest of the physical examination often lacks particularities of interest. In advanced cancer conditions there may be evidence of tumor cachexia.
The diagnosis of breast cancer is more likely in a female geronte with any kind of nodule in the mammary gland. Excisional biopsy is the method of choice to confirm the diagnosis. Cytological examination of samples obtained by fine needle aspiration often gives ambiguous results. Before performing any excisional biopsy, chest x-rays should be performed to rule out metastases at the pulmonary level. If this is discovered, the severe prognosis is justified, even in the absence of a histopathological confirmation of breast neoplasia. Having made the decision to reach the diagnosis and make the treatment, the overall health of the patient and the tumor burden should be assessed. Malignant mammary tumors often metastasize to regional and pulmonary nodes. Less frequently, liver metastases occur. They can also occur at distant sites, but this rarely happens in the absence of local or pulmonary lymphoglandular involvement. Radiology and careful palpation are extremely useful in these cases. The overall health of the patient should be evaluated by a complete blood count, biochemical profile and urine analysis.
Breasts swollen in bitches during heat
Non-sterilized females develop a mild breast swelling and in the vulva during his period of heat. Your breasts may appear more swollen than normal some days before and during the heat. Swelling, usually, should not be accompanied by any type of secretion.
It is important to control and record the periods of heat of your dog throughout its fertile life. In this way, it will be easier to differentiate natural bleeding from heat and swelling of the breasts from a possible picture of hematuria (presence of blood in the urine) accompanied by breast inflammation.
Can psychological pregnancy affect your dog?
It is not known exactly why some females are more predisposed than others to suffer that sudden decrease in progesterone, but in any case it is not a disease as such, but a consequence of endocrine response normal. Moreover, we could say that it is a sign that your ovaries are perfectly functional and this does not necessarily predispose you to suffer from diseases of the reproductive system later.
This problem can affect bitches of any race and age. It does not have to be observed in all jealousy and the intensity of the clinical signs can vary on each occasion, although they usually disappear on their own with the passing of a few days. However, in cases where excessive milk production can cause physical problems (mainly mastitis) or behavioral problems (aggressiveness or excessive apathy) it is advisable to take your dog to the veterinarian for a specific treatment.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
If your dog has had sexual contact with a male during her last fertile period, her swollen breasts may be a symptom of pregnancy. Mammalian females experience large hormonal changes during pregnancy, they prepare them for childbirth and breastfeeding. As the pregnancy progresses, the breasts of the bitches become inflamed and enlarged to allow milk production, and their belly increases to support the growth of their puppies.
A pregnant dog should receive medical support throughout her pregnancy. It is also important to offer a special diet, with a higher caloric intake and high quality proteins, as well as all appropriate care to preserve their health and that of their puppies.
When the time comes to give birth, your hairy will already be physically and mentally prepared to feed her puppies. During the period oflactation, your dog's breasts and nipples were swollen and enlarged, but this picture improves as weaning time approaches. Many females never recover the original size of their breasts after being a mother. Usually, the breasts are larger and more droopy than in females who never had a pregnancy.
Pseudopregnancy (or psychological pregnancy) is very common among fertile bitches. Usually, the picture appears when a female had sexual contact with a male, but the fertilization was not completed. However, also can developno prior pairing.
The symptoms of a psychological pregnancy are practically identical to that of a real pregnancy: bitches show swollen breasts, their belly and nipples increase in size, and their appetite grows. It also usually produces and eliminates by its breasts a serum, which is lighter and less thick than breast milk. Therefore, it is not surprising to observe the bitch with swollen breasts after heat, as well as seeing that a dog has milk and is not pregnant. To prevent this from happening, the best option is sterilization, since the prolongation of psychological pregnancies can lead to serious health problems. Raising the dog will not prevent her from experiencing this type of pregnancy again in the future.
Breasts inflamed by allergies
Allergies are abnormal or exaggerated immune reactions that the body develops after contact with some substances, foods, hormones, products or pathogens. This reaction start an inflammatory process It can manifest itself topically or expand to other regions of the body, being able to also affect the respiratory system.
If you have used a new product in your hairy hygiene, your breasts may have swollen from an allergic reaction. Also flea bites, some medications and natural substances, such as pollen or mold, can cause a more intense allergic process in sensitive areas such as breasts, eyes and ears. If that is true, your dog can feel very itchy, try to scratch or lick your belly with great intensity. In both cases, it is important to suspend the use of any product and take your dog to the veterinarian to perform some allergy tests.
Injuries or acc>
If your dog has suffered an accident or has been beaten recently, her breasts may swell as a result of trauma. It is a natural process that allows the recovery of the injured area. In this case, most likely only some breasts of the dog are inflamed, because a blow usually generates a topical reaction. You may also identify some bruise or injury near the swollen region.
Again, we remind you that it is essential to take your dog to the veterinarian to verify her health after a stroke or an accident.
Swollen breasts in dogs by mastitis
Mastitis is a Infective process It affects the breasts of dogs and cats in a very similar way, generating a visible inflammation of their nipples. In addition to swelling in the breasts, affected females tend to have large tenderness and pain to the touch in the breasts, with the presence of purulent secretion.
Typically, mastitis appears at the end of the breastfeeding period or after a pseudo-pregnancy that was not properly treated. The picture progresses rapidly and seriously affects the health of the dog, so it requires immediate medical attention. In addition, it is essential to prevent mastitis by offering proper care during pregnancy or in the face of a diagnosis of psychological pregnancy.
Breast Neoplasms and Cysts
If by touching the breasts of your dog you can feel a lump or strange masses, you must go immediately to the veterinary clinic with your hairy. Usually an abnormal palpation in the breasts of a dog reveals breast cysts or tumors, which can be a symptom of cancer. In both cases, immediate medical attention is essential to conduct appropriate studies and diagnose early the presence of malignant tumors. Remember that an early diagnosis of breast cancer usually improves the prognosis of the disease.
Other symptoms of breast swelling in female dogs
In general, the most visible sign of breast swelling in female dogs is really breast enlargement. However, it is important that tutors know and know how to recognize others symptoms that may accompany this picture inflammatory. Below, we summarize them to facilitate your knowledge:
- Enlargement of the nipples.
- Redness of the nipples or the entire breast.
- Elimination of serum, breast milk (or pseudo-milk in case of psychological pregnancy) or pus.
- Sensitivity or pain in the breasts or in the abdominal region (the dog usually shows discomfort and expression of pain when touched).
- Palpable anomalous lumps or masses in the breasts.
Therefore, if you notice that your dog has an inflamed and red nipple, an inflamed nipple or several swollen breasts, go to the specialist immediately.
This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Why does my dog have swollen breasts?, we recommend that you enter our section of infectious diseases.