First of all you must make sure that you have a first aid kit for hamster available, at all times.
Also make sure you know that some antibiotics are harmful to hamsters.
Here are some of the diseases that hamsters can develop:
Colds in a hamster can be caused by drafts, so placing the box in the right place is very important. The symptoms of colds in a hamster are: sneezing, wheezing, wet nose, breathing with difficulty and the hamster always sitting in a stooped position.
It is very important that you never bathe your hamster. One of the most common reasons why a hamster catches a cold is bathrooms. Never drive a hamster when you have a cold, as the hamster will easily get a cold from you. A hamster with a cold should be kept in a dry and warm room. Soft foods are good for sick hamsters. Instead of water, put warm milk in the hamster's drinking bottle. Warm milk should be changed at least three times a day, for two days.
The wet tail in a hamster is due to a bacterial infection and can cause extreme diarrhea. Stress and an unbalanced diet can be two main causes of wet tail in hamsters. An example of tension for a hamster can be the trip from the pet store to the home. The wet tail is a disease most frequently associated with the golden hamster. The area around the hamster's anus becomes sticky and wet, giving the appearance that the hamster has a wet tail. The sick hamster moves slowly, will be very calm and will not want to eat. When a hamster has a wet tail, take it to a veterinarian immediately.
The vet can give you liquid>
Hamster with reddish urine
Reddish urine can be caused by a type of food mixture. Therefore, if you notice that your hamster has reddish urine, first try to check if the source is hamster food. We had cases where the hamster meal was red, of processed things, and these led some hamsters to produce reddish urine. Changing the hamster's food to another brand can help.
Other reasons why a hamster might have reddish urine may be stones in the bladder, uterine infection or pyometra. It is advisable to change the type of food before concluding that the hamster has bladder stones, a uterine infection or pyometra.
The symptoms that a hamster may have bladder stones are small drops of blood in the hamster's urine. The hamster will be in pain, especially when urinating and will begin to look bad. Dandelion leaves can encourage increased urine output, expelling stones. Dandelion can be picked from the fields, or from a gardener. Try to avoid picking up the leaves that are near the roads.
An alternative is the addition of low levels of table salt to water or food. The addition of some fruit juice to salt water can improve palatabil>
The penis locked in a hamster occurs when the male hamster has difficulty urinating. The penis is usually whitish / yellowish in color, but if it is blocked it will not be of this color, and it may be due to an infection. A hamster with a penis plug can still be active, which is why it is important to constantly check the male sexual organ and make sure it is urinating daily. If it is not corrected, the hamster will have difficulty trying to urinate and will die.
You may notice that the hamster tries to take the position to urinate and cannot. The hamster can also scream in pain to try to relieve himself.
To excrete the content that blocks your hamster's penis, gently squeeze the penis opening on both sides. If it is unsuccessful, apply a little olive oil around the opening and place the hamster in the cage. Olive oil will lubricate the area and this will make it easier for the hamster to clean itself. You can also ask a veterinarian to remove the cap from the opening of the hamster's penis. The veterinarian usually performs this procedure using tweezers.
The pyometra in the hamster is an infection of the uterus. Pyometra affects only female hamsters. The first symptoms are bloody secretion, and finally after a few months, the abdomen swells and increases in size.
Usually, this infection is fatal if no action is taken immediately. The only option in many cases is the surgical removal of the uterus. This will eliminate the infection and prevent uterine rupture, and of course a recurrence of the disease.
Diarrhea in a hamster is the result of improper feeding, sometimes in combination with drafts or humidity. Decomposed food or dirty water and overfeeding of fruits and vegetables can also be a cause. The symptoms of diarrhea in the hamster are: green stools, soft stools and unusual large amounts of feces.
If your hamster has diarrhea, remove any wet food out of the cage and feed your hamster only with dry bread, boiled rice and crusty bread. Replace your water with warm chamomile tea three times a day, for two consecutive days. When your hamster gets better, disinfect the cage too.
Constipation in a hamster means that there is an obstruction of the intestine. This may be the result of ingestion of bedding or when the hamster is not drinking enough fluids. The hamster shows signs of abdominal discomfort and stops eating.
Try adding fruits and vegetables (such as lettuce or dandelion leaves) to the hamster's meal or orally give the hamster a drop of vegetable oil (such as olive oil). Repeat this process for two days. Make sure the hamster always has access to clean, fresh water.
Rectal prolapse in a hamster is a condition in which part of the hamster's rectum can be seen coming from the anus. This problem can be solved by a veterinarian.
The veterinarian will replace the prolapsed section of the intestine under general anesthesia and then apply a tobacco bag suture to the anus, to prevent recurrence of the prolapse. Another option is to eliminate the hamster prolapse section if it has been seriously damaged.
Diabetes in the hamster is commonly found in dwarf hamsters, especially in Campbell hamsters, and is often hereditary. Some of the symptoms of a hamster with diabetes are: excessive drinking, losing skin in the stomach and hands, excessive urination, sudden sleep more than usual, excessive exercise, sudden loss / weight gain and tremors
Commercially processed products, sweet foods and fresh fruits should be avoided because they may contain fructose. You must incorporate more protein in the diet of a diabetic hamster.
This condition often occurs at night, so the first sign is when the hamster is not balanced the next morning and usually the head is tilted to the side. Usually, spills occur due to old age. Another reason why a hamster suffers a stroke could be excessive heat.
It is important that the hamster's cage is in a room at a temperature between 65 ° F / 18 ° C and 80 ° F / 26 ° C.
Hamsters that have suffered a stroke can live quite a long time and lead a fairly normal life, although in some the head tilt may remain. The tilt of the head can also take place when the hamster has an infection in the inner ear or a respiratory infection.
The hamster may need help with food and drink. Giving your hamster an easy and healthy life will help him live his life as normal as possible. You must house the hamster in a single-floor cage and remove any object or toy that could hamper the hamster's path and cause the hamster to fall. Patience is an important factor.
In rare cases hamsters may suffer from seizures. Usually, this type of disease is inherited and these hamsters should not be raised.
The symptoms of the seizures are: the hamster's arms and legs shaking, the hamster will move out of control, his mouth will open and he will have difficulty closing it, the hamster's tongue can be seen outside his mouth and the hamster may have a watery mouth for a few seconds / minutes. Also, the hamster's look will look dull and during the seizures the hamster may have some diarrhea and / or pee itself.
What to do if your hamster has a seizure? If you suddenly see your hamster having a seizure do not panic. If you panic, the hamster will detect your panic, and you will only do more damage to the poor hamster. Talk to the hamster in a soft voice and place your hand around (in the cage). The result of this would lead to the hamster being more relaxed, so the seizure will be shorter.
When the seizure stops, let the hamster rest. When the hamster returns to normal, you must place the hamster in a single-floor cage and remove the ramps or stairs from the hamster's cage to prevent injuries.
Mites on the skin
The skin mite is a harmful parasite, it is a small spider-shaped creature that inhabits the hamster's skin, becoming almost invisible. If the skin mite affects a hamster in a colony, the entire colony will be affected. Skin mites can be transmitted to other animals. Due to excessive scratching, the hamster can lose some hair.
The application of an anti-mite spray, intended for hamsters, should treat skin mites. Disinfect the entire cage and apply some anti-mite spray. You should not apply the spray directly on the hamster, but do it on a small brush (you can use a clean toothbrush) and comb the hamster with it.
If a hamster develops a lump that grows larger over time, early referral to a veterinarian is vital to increase the chances of a successful treatment. The risk of cancer increases with the age of the hamster.
Hamster cancers and tumors are often treatable, although sometimes, when tumors are removed, they can grow again. The operations of the veterinarian in hamsters are not always successful due to their small size and because some antibiotics can also be harmful to the hamster. Unfortunately, one of the causes of hamster tumors is inbreeding, that is, the breeding of hamsters from the same family: a brother and a sister.
A cyst is a cavity or sac filled with fluid. Sometimes it contains air or semi-solid material. The cysts can become quite large and will result in the hamster having a large and swollen area.
A hamster cyst can be treated by a veterinarian who drains the cyst, even though the cysts may come back later.
Protein Deficiency / Nail Loss
Protein deficiency in a hamster causes weak nails, nail loss, hair loss, pneumonia, infertility and lack of growth, especially in young hamsters.
Feeding a hamster a good and healthy diet, with protein, is very important. Proteins can be found in peas, beans, soy and cheese.
Never trim the short nails of a hamster, only do it if your fingernails begin to bend or lie on your side. A natural way to keep your hamster's nails trimmed naturally is to put a small stone in the cage. Usually, the hamster will walk on the rock and scrape his nails.
On the other hand, you can also buy nail clippers from small animals, nail clippers from kittens or puppies. These special slicers are small enough to trim a hamster's nails and have a notch at the end of each blade to hold the nail and give a clean finish.
Teeth too big
The teeth of a hamster are approximately 15 mm long, sometimes shorter. A hamster's teeth are always growing and chew toys are necessary for your pet to keep his teeth under control.
If a hamster has nothing to gnaw to keep his teeth fit, they can grow too much and pierce the mouth or jaw, which would lead to the hamster not eating properly and starving.
Hamster teeth can break more easily if the diet is low in calcium, therefore, feeding your hamster with a good diet, which includes a mixture of hamster food, is very important.
One of the diseases that hamsters can have is glaucoma. Glaucoma affects the hamster's eyes and among its symptoms the hamster's eye will grow larger. Glaucoma in a hamster can be the result of careless handling, fighting or being caught too tightly from the neck. To reduce the possibility of glaucoma in your hamster, avoid holding your hamster by the back of the neck.
A hamster that has sticky eyes may have conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the inner part of the eyelids, which cause the eyes to stick together. In most cases the hamster's eyes will look red. The causes of conjunctivitis in the hamster can be from allergic reactions to bedding, or small pieces of irritants that lodge under the eyelids, such as sawdust pieces. A hamster with conjunctivitis will rub his eyes and look bad.
The hamster's eye can be washed with cooled boiled water, with a piece of clean cotton. Also, try using a different brand of wood shavings or stop using shavings and the floor of the hamster's cage and put paper bedding in its place. Do not use air fresheners, carpet shampoos and avoid cigarette smoke.
Cataracts occur when the transparent lens inside the hamster's eye turns cloudy and white. This can only be a characteristic of aging, or when the hamster has diabetes.
The vision for the hamster will distort more as the cataract becomes whiter. However, since the hamster's vision is naturally very poor, this may be of little importance. If your hamster has cataracts, use a single level cage to reduce accidents from falls.
Obesity in a hamster occurs when the hamster is overweight, due to an incorrect diet, therefore, the hamster's health is affected. The approximate weight of a golden hamster is 140 to 200 grams, the weight of a Campbell hamster is 30 to 50 grams, a Russian hamster weighs 21-26 grams, the Roborovski hamster 20 to 25 grams and a Chinese hamster from from 30 to 45 grams.
An overweight hamster will appear larger and will also become lazy due to the effort required to move.
The solution for hamster obesity is to substitute sugary treats with vegetables. Increase the exercise (such as increased use of the hamster ball for the hamster to exercise). You can also introduce more game out of the cage, for example, leave the hamster running in the room.
When a hamster is in a stretched position and shows a sign of suffering, in this case, the anguish is derived from respiratory problems.
Symptoms of a hamster with respiratory problems may include: inflated lungs, slow breathing and squeaking when exhaling. In addition, an affected hamster will show depletion and eventually collapse even after very mild exercise. The exercise should be reduced and you can also move to a single level cage and remove the hamster's wheel. You should also remove the dusty bedding and instead use paper beds.
When there is a secondary infection, the use of antibiotics (prescribed by a good veterinarian who treats hamsters) can be helpful.
A hamster can be paralyzed after an accident, such as falling from a considerable height. Usually, over time, the health of a paralyzed hamster deteriorates and recovers only in exceptional cases.
Therefore the best way for this condition is prevention. The hamster's cage has to be as safe as possible (it must not have sharp objects and if it has a ladder, it must be stable). The ladder must be made of plastic and not wire. Any exit from the cage has to be controlled, even in your room. Never let your hamster rise to high levels of furniture, as it can jump and this is one of the most common reasons for paralysis in these animals.
A hamster with oily skin may be a sign that the bedding is not changed frequently. Hamster bedding should be generously supplied to avoid odors and should be changed at least once a week. You should use a paper material, such as toilet paper or shredded paper.
An old hamster may also have some greasy skin, especially in the case of Roborovski hamsters. It can also be a sign of a disease, the hamster is too lethargic to clean his skin. If your hamster is lethargic, you should take it to the veterinarian, since lethargy is a sign of a number of diseases. Also sometimes oily hair can be from the hamster's genes, that is: the type of hamster's coat is genetically greasy.
Other skin problems
The most common signs of skin problems in a hamster are: hair loss, sores, dry skin, itching and redness of the skin. These problems can be caused by tiny parasites, allergies, hormonal imbalance or an inadequate diet. Mother hamsters shed skin around their nipples when they are breastfeeding their young hamsters. Old hamsters have less hair due to a drop in the levels of certain hormones.
Allergies are one of the most common reasons for hamster skin loss. Cedar shavings can cause allergic reactions and pine shavings are preferable to cedar shavings, but paper-based shavings are the best.
A hamster may become allergic to certain foods. Feed your hamster a different diet for a few days, so you can establish if the hamster is suffering from a food allergy.
Ringworm is a type of fungus that grows on the skin, hair and nails of the hamster. As the fungus grows, the hairs break, leading to bald areas in the skin. Ringworm can grow when closed plastic cages are used, since the fungus prefers high humidity and these cages do not provide good ventilation.
Always wear gloves when handling a hamster with ringworm. Medications with griseofulvin, for at least 4 weeks, can be combined with a shampoo with povidoneiodine or antifungals, such as eniconazole or natamycin. The hamster's cage should be cleaned frequently and should be disinfected with a very good disinfectant and have good ventilation.
There are times when a hamster cuts itself due to an accident, you can apply a tea tree cream on the wound to heal it. If you keep more than 1 hamster, in the same cage, it is a good idea to put a small touch of cream on the other hamsters, to prevent them from turning against the one being treated.
A hamster has an abscess as a result of a bacterial infection that manages to enter the hamster's body, from a wound. The reasons why the wound may have formed itself are: a fight or if the hamster fell out of the cage.
One of the symptoms of an abscess is inflammation, which can be enlarged over time and ruptured to release smelly pus.
A hamster's abscess can be drained by a veterinarian. Then it should be cleaned twice a day with a good antiseptic.
The most common reason for a hamster to develop a mole, or two, is due to old age.
A mole is nothing to be alarmed about, it is normal and it is mostly due to old age. A hamster with a mole can live a normal life, with a normal diet and normal hamster routine.
Hamsters are more comfortable at temperatures between 65 ° F / 18 ° C and 80 ° F / 26 ° C. Sudden temperature drops can lead to hibernation. A hibernating hamster will appear dead, but if you look closely, you will see that the whiskers move slowly through the breath. To prevent hibernation in your hamster, make sure the hamster's cage is out of the air currents.
If the hamster goes into hibernation you have to get it hot. Place the hamster on a heating pad for reptiles. These are safe and have self-regulation. You can also put the hamster in a water bottle of about 86 ° F / 30 ° C for a few hours.
Rub the hamster softly, but with friction. This will help the hamster wake up. You will have to bottle feed it, with a little water and sugar. The cant>
Best answer: alo. do not open your eye just wipe it with warm water and an isopo or toilet paper without aroma or color (it can be irritated) you moisten it and clean it gently. this every time k wakes up and k when he sleeps becomes more lagañita. This can be done about 3 days in a row.
if you have to make chamomile tea much better n.u
now if it comes out bloody it is better to take it URGENTLY to the veterinarian .. which veterinary kier where hamsters sell is good .. there is no need to be an exotic veterinarian and k in many places there are not .. in my city there is not only veterinary general but aki if they sell and know about these pekeñines :)
Success and k heal your pekeñin.
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You may have a lizard and so you can not open it go with the obvious veterinarian one who sells hamsters too and tell him that if he removes it and if it is a wound and blood comes out then if he damages the other hamster
but I think it is a lizard to mine could not open an eye and take it to the vet and take it away as if nothing and obviously will not charge you, do not go take it off please
But if it is a wound, how is the wound of what color?
If so, go to the vet to give you something so your hamster doesn't go blind in one eye