Equine Education

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Remember: in equestrian sports, the horse is the sovereign.

The equine, a noble and sensitive animal

The horses are noble animals and sensitive to their management. It is important to interact properly and to clearly understand what we want to communicate.

It is a living being, and as such it has to be respected and made to respect us, that is why it is very important to establish a series of correct guidelines and above all, not to think with ourselves, if not to try to think like them.

Equine Education

Here are some indications and / or recommendations for the good education and management of our horse in different aspects.

At the end of this article we will leave you a link to the free eBook, prepared by the blog EQUIERRORES, called 15 Essential rules of equine education, which you can download for free.

  • When holding hands, the driver must be placed on the left, at the height of the horse's neck.
  • Between the horse and the driver there will be a certain distance, creating a space of no interaction.
  • Make you respect for the animal from the first moment, use your voice and gestures.
  • Don't turn your back on a horse you don't know.
  • The gestures and looks of the driver are important, they are signals that the equine captures.
  • A caress and / or scratch is a sign of gratitude.
  • The horse never has to dominate the driver, do not let it be he who sets the pace.
  • Take the whip with the hand located inside the enclosure and never up.
  • The whip is an extension of the arm and a touch of attention, do not use it to punish it.
  • It is good to pet the horse with the whip, it creates confidence.
  • Never place yourself in the stalemate of the horse's vision.
  • Never leave the horse without holding.
  • Do not tie the horse with its reins.
  • Before jogging or galloping, the horse must have warmed the muscles in step.
  • Do not let the horse try bites.
  • Don't let the horse stop eating grass because he wants to.
  • Do not force him violently to pass through an area of ​​water, either by the sea or by a puddle, or anywhere that scares him.
  • Alert with contact between horses that are not known.
  • Do not do work with the horse after it eats.
  • If the horse escapes you, don't run after him.
  • Let me snoop around the objects, give them security.
  • Establishment
  • The block must have good ventilation, without air flow.
  • The bed must be clean, dry and reviewed.
  • If you put bullets to eat, remove their ropes.
  • It is better to provide water through an automatic drinker.
  • If the water is provided with a small tank, it is convenient to change the water every day.
  • The horse needs to be given the sun, so a paddock or free space is advisable.
  • Trailer
  • Place, if you can, the trailer in a place where the horse can be guided.
  • Inside the trailer the horse must be held with a head.
  • It is convenient that you have a forage bag to eat during the trip.
  • When you have to get the horse out, you will not remove the back bar without controlling the horse and never stand behind it.
  • If the front of the trailer is open, help it up.
  • If you do not want to climb, you can pass a rope behind the back legs and press. This system helps it to rise. It is the right time to teach the horse to enter the trailer before traveling with him,).
  • Wind
  • To wind it up, the radius of action has to be about 5-7 meters.
  • It is better to have a slightly stiff sand floor.
  • Never carry the rope tied to your hand.
  • It is advisable to wear gloves.
  • Giving an undulating movement to the rope causes the horse to go outward and stay in position.
  • It is not advisable to do sessions of more than 20 minutes.
  • If you carry the horse with the chair, hold the stirrups and the reins.
  • Always start by taking a few turns.
  • The air must be practiced with both hands and for equal times.
  • Get used to the horse to make the movements of the air at the signal of your voice and take the direction according to the indication of your hand.
  • It is advisable to use a help track, never directed upwards.
  • Do not leave the work on the ground.
  • Habits
  • You have to brush the horse before doing any work smoothly and without stridency.
  • While brushing it is convenient that the free hand be in contact with the equine's body.
  • Clean the horseshoes after leaving the block and comb the mane.
  • During a break, loosen the webbing.
  • During a break, loosen the webbing.
  • If the horse wants to do his needs, stop.
  • Do not give him a whole vegetable (apple, carrot), better in pieces.
  • After performing the exercises it is better that the horse does not drink too much water and unless it is cold.
  • It is advisable not to abuse sugar as a reward.
  • Check the horse's hooves for dryness.
  • To lift your feet, you should slide your hand from the beginning of the leg to the helmet and lift it slowly, while the free hand should be in contact with the horse's body.


  • A stable horse must have a rope or ride time a day.
  • Check the horseshoes.
  • Check if any joint is inflamed.
  • Vices
  • Biting the door of the box, barriers ..., is a sign of boredom.
  • To kick inside the block is to attract attention.
  • Scratching with objects, it can be by parasites.
  • Ride
  • It is advisable to place a blanket on the horse's back before placing the chair.
  • Once the chair is placed, check that there are no bends.
  • If the horse's cross is pronounced, put on a protection.
  • Adjust the bite and the reins correctly.
  • When you have to cinch the chair, first do not make it very tight, before mounting, adjust a little and once assembled adjust properly.
  • To get on the horse, hold the reins and the mane without stretching and do not touch the rump with the leg.
  • Avoid sitting abruptly.
  • Do not punish pulling the reins abruptly.
  • Do not let the horse mark the route he wants.
  • If you cross another rider, the one on the right hand always has priority.
  • Do not carry the reins, neither too loose, nor too short.
  • The height of the stirrups is important to be appropriate to the type of ride you are going to practice.
  • The toes never have to look down. Heels always have to be lower than the toes.
  • When you get off the horse you must take off both stirrups.
  • If you fall from the horse do not move, the horses try not to step on the rider.
  • Try not to gallop on asphalt, if you do not carry special horseshoes.
  • When you climb a hill, get suspended.
  • Do not jump over a chain or rope that closes a path.
  • If the road is stony do not jog or gallop.
  • When you ride with other horses keep a distance and, that the whole males are always in front and the mares behind.
  • If the horse shows excessive sweating or foam on the body, let it rest.
  • Before taking the horse to the stable, it is convenient to take a few turns.
  • Sport
  • At the start of a jump or dressage test you must enter the track once the rider is claimed.
  • Always greet the judges, both at the beginning and at the end of the test.
  • Never stop during a test.
  • Always dominate the horse without violent gestures.
  • You can not make gestures or shouts inside the track.
  • Check the condition of the carriage, especially wheels and suspensions.
  • Do not hook the horse without it having circled.
  • The driver should always climb the first one and should sit to the right.
  • Watch that the reins are well placed without passing the tail below.
  • To climb a slope started with space, never from the beginning of it.
  • Horse signs
  • Right ears: attention or distrust.
  • Right and moving ears: watching or watching.
  • Ears in opposite directions: does not understand.
  • Ears lying back: aggressiveness.
  • Ears lying and mouth open: ready to attack.
  • Ears dropped: tiredness or sleep.
  • High tail: joy.
  • Wide eyes: fear.
  • A little languid eyes: calm.
  • Half-fenced eyes: dozing.
  • Tail between legs: fear or distrust.
  • Queue in motion doing work: irritation.
  • Sound through the nose: joy.
  • Growl: fear or pain.
  • Short shriek: bad mood.
  • Chew after doing a job: understand the order.
  • Head movement: irritation or anger.
  • Biting Amago: wants to play.
  • Move the jaws: want to play.
  • Hit the ground: protest.
  • Cope: domain.
  • Very high head: fear.
  • Low head: rest or doze.
  • Head turned to the contrary: it has no interest.
  • Wrinkled nose: tension or uncomfortable.
  • Hanging nose: relaxed.
  • Show teeth: threat.
  • He licks his nose: submission.
  • Raise the upper nose: sniff a mare nearby.
  • Raise hands: protection.
  • Biting wood or nearby objects: boredom.
  • Rollover on land on both sides: cleaning or fighting parasites.
  • Scratching each other: trust or appreciation.
  • The horse gives the rump: he is not interested with the rider.

Extra tips

  • Never stay in the same place and expand the circle when the horse is doing well and responding well.
  • Get used to the horse to make the movements of the air at the signal of your voice and take the direction according to the indication of your hand: At the signal of the voice and never forget to teach by means of a body language that he understands.
  • It is advisable not to abuse sugar as a reward. Above all, do not give food prizes to horses that are not educated to respect our space. They learn to bite.
  • Adjust the bite and the reins correctly. I would add: Ensure that the mouthpiece is suitable for the horse's mouth and not bite a foal or horse that is not polite. Prefer a steak that suits well to teach.
  • Always ride with a helmet, head we only have one.
  • Try not to gallop on asphalt, if you do not carry special horseshoes. Nor jogging either
  • Before taking the horse to the stable it is advisable to take a few turns to the step until it dries (if necessary with a blanket) and especially not to leave the horse in the stable when it still breathes a lot.

As we have mentioned at the beginning of this article, here you are in the link so that you can download for free the eBook 15 Essential rules of equine education.

Download eBook 15 Essential rules of equine education.