The most common mistakes when educating a puppy


When we teach the dog not to get on the couch that should be a decision that you must defend layer and sword. It is not worth the "come, just a little while", because they do not understand that, and less when they are puppies.

If the dog gives you contrary indications according to the day for whatever reasons the dog will not catch him, and will do what he wants, but if you say something that does not and keep it at a low table, the dog will end up complying, it is a matter of patience

# 2 Do not punish your dog and less if you do not catch it "in fraganti"

If you do not catch your dog while biting something or just when he is pissing in a place where he should not forget, the poor man has no idea what you are telling him! If you put your face or stoop your body is because it reads your body expression and your tone of voice, nothing more.

Think that when you quarrel with your dog about something that has been done in the past, even if it's 5 minutes, he no longer relates it, Your dog lives in the present, speak to him in the same language and you will understand.

# 3 Don't reward you properly when you do things right

If you are teaching your dog to do something or to stop doing it we suggest the same as in the previous point, do what you have to do at the exact moment, If the dog is doing something right now, it is now when you have to reward him.

It is very important to reward your dog a lot when he is learning something new, you will greatly reinforce the learning and also the bond you have, always reinforce the good things he does! He will thank you and much.

# 4 Not be patient and repeat orders a thousand times

That start telling your dog "sit" and after 2 seconds again and again ... I do not know if you have noticed already but it does not work or does but when you want, so Leave your dog time to think and not overwhelm him so much!

If you see that it does not, we recommend that you do the action while you repeat the word to associate it, but do not repeat it simply because you have no idea that you are serious.

# 5 Change training techniques every two times three

The main rule for canine training is patience, and that has to do with you and how you relate to your dog, and we recommend that you do it with love and patience, there are no quick methods for lasting learning.

Therefore if you are enaming your dog something with a methodology give it time to integrate it and if you see that it does not work you change it but give it a prudent time and consult with a professional if you see or intuit that there is something that is not going well.

# 6 Do not train continuously

Like everything in life it is a matter of practice, and your dog also needs it to learn new things.
Tea we recommend that you train your dog daily, with small things but be constant, give him prizes every time he does it well and thinks that in small things in life you can surely teach him something, stimulation games are going great and are very fun, try them!

Small lessons are worth more than several times a day than once a week a stick that you do not repeat more in another week, total that you forget what you have learned. Little better today than nothing tomorrow!

# 7 Do not plan what you are going to do and when

This is to create some strategy. Once you know your dog a little, you know how it works and it's much easier for you to catch him "in fraganti" to teach him what you want.

If you know that when you are going to put the belt back in the park to return home it does not approach, next time call it as if you were going to give it a prize with the hidden belt and reinforce it a lot when you are putting it on so that associate strap with pampering and sweets.

Try to turn around what you want to improve in your dog.

# 8 Get nervous and stress the dog

This is very common and understandable because we are always in a hurry and we want the dog to learn quickly, but he needs his time and understanding, but remember when you were little.

For it We recommend you do some mindfulnes with your dog, learn to live the present with your dog because he can teach you and a lot, he is a teacher in this, he doesn't understand before or after, it's just now and he needs you to be with him with all your attention.

Think that if the dog feels relaxed and eager to learn before he will also be happy and relaxed, the perfect environment to learn with play and fun.

# 9 Train in inappropriate places and times

Train with your dog in appropriate placess for it, if you are in a semi-private or private place much better, without distractions.

The dog will always be attentive to everything that happens around you, so you should try to attract all his attention with calls to action, stimuli and with prizes, if there is food or people around you better than do not even try!

If you see that you or your dog do not have the day it is better to leave it, the energy is transmitted so you will finish the two unmotivated unless you know how to turn it around!

# 10 Do not understand the nature of your dog

Each dog is a world, like people, so do not try to make your dog another, that is, each one has its character and tastes and it is better to accept it.

We have to think that the breed of the dog will also determine a lot his way of being, if he is a hunter he will go after what he considers “hunting” and the shepherd will be watching the rest of the pack, and that you will not be able to change, but if you can have a little fun and know how to take it in such a way that it is not a problem.

As you can see, some of these errors are simple and easy to correct but you have to practice and be aware day by day, and if you see that the dog is out of control, it is something aggressive or has bad behaviors do not hesitate and go to a professional as soon as possible, if it is on time everything has a solution.

Give him our food while we are consuming it:

It is one of the most common mistakes we make every day. Mainly we must bear in mind that the food we consume does not do good to the health of the furry ones.

When we make this mistake we risk that over time they will present problems such as obesity and excess calories. Ideally, they have their own feeding schedule.

Do not allow him to socialize with people or other pets:

The socialization of pets is essential to achieve a balanced behavior. We must take into account who socializes our dog so that it does not run any danger.

If you do not apply this activity in the future, your pet may feel fear, be shy and will not be able to live easily with other companions.

Do not teach manners:

When they are growing, it is very difficult for them to fully understand our language. Patience must play a very important role, teach them where they should do their needs and what objects can be damaged and which cannot. If you don't educate him on time, he won't know how to handle his behavior later.

Responsibility and patience is essential to properly educate our pets.

1. Use traditional canine training

This error is very common among people who follow the traditional training style strictly. It is an educational criterion in which negative reinforcement and punishment prevail, with the intention of disappearing unwanted behavior.

However, this method can lead to unpredictable answers of the dog, especially in those who suffer serious behavioral problems. In addition, it does not necessarily eliminate the behavior we were trying to modify.

Traditional dog training is present in most pages dedicated to education and dog training. For that reason in ExpertAnimal we are trained to change this perspective using positive reinforcement in all our articles.

2. A reinforcement too low

Positive reinforcement consists of reward the dog when you place an order or have an attitude that pleases us. Reinforcing a behavior can be done through food, caresses or kind words and that helps the animal to remember more easily and improve the relationship it has with us.

The rate of reinforcement must be elevated when learning. That ensures they stay motivated and allows you to do several repetitions in a short time. Many trainers give very few food "rewards" or play too little with their dogs, so they lose interest in training and concentrate on food or toys. In some cases, these dogs become frustrated and develop obsessive behavior towards food or toys. Make yourself some delicious biscuits for dogs following the advice of Expert Animal.

3. Bad timing

The timing is the synchrony between behavior and reinforcement (food, toy, etc.). Bad timing means that you present the prize before or long after the desired behavior, so the dog does not associate such behavior with the "reward."

Most coaches have bad timing at the beginning, but they improve it with the experience. If your dog's training does not progress, evaluate if your timing is adequate. You can ask a friend to see you train and evaluate your timing.

4. The punishments

Although there are methods based on negative reinforcement and punishment, generally the only thing that is achieved with these is to inhibit the dog's behavior and that answer only for fear. This type of training can lead to aggression problems in some cases or to completely inhibit the animal's responses. That is why it is better to reduce the use of punishments to a minimum.

5. Unnatural behavior

When training a dog you have to consider its natural behavior. Not all dogs have the same instinctive behaviors and not everyone has the same capacity for different functions (although everyone can be educated to behave well and be good partners).

For example, it is practically impossible to teach a beagle not to follow traces. For a dog that is not motivated with food, games or other reinforcers will have to be used, while with a shy dog ​​more patience will be needed than with an outgoing one. This behavior is not always linked to the breed, it is also influenced by the same personality or mental intelligence of the animal.

6. Consistency

To train a dog you must be consistent. If you forbid him to sleep in bed one day and the next day you allow him to stop whining, you will only be confusing the dog.

Being incoherent in their education or day to day life leads the dog to develop inappropriate behaviors or to achieve a role in the home that does not belong to him. We must set the same standards among all family members that we must all meet and respect.

7. Training sessions too long or too short

It is easy to get excited about dog learning and do very long training sessions of 10 minutes or more. Those sessions the dog is bored and tired, demotivating it and making learning difficult. It is also easy to fall on the other end and think that with a couple of repetitions is enough. The two extremes are bad and impair training.

Remember that canine training sessions should be short but allow several repetitions. It is better to distribute three 5-minute sessions throughout the day than doing a single 15-minute session, for example. Discover how a canine training session should be and some extra tips for you to develop it properly.

8. Choose the conditions for each session wrong

Novice coaches do not usually see the distractions that exist during training and do not understand why their dogs take so long to learn. You have to choose the training site so that it does not present excessive distractions for your dog's level.

This means that at first there should be nothing that competes with you for the attention of your dog. Even other people who talk to you can be a distraction. As you progress in the training, you will be including distractions, but always choosing the conditions in which you will carry out each session.

9. Do not generalize the behavior

For your dog to respond in different circumstances, you have to generalize their behaviors in different places and situations. You should do this gradually, but it is very necessary. If you do not, your dog will answer only in certain circumstances and places. The repetition of a behavior or order in different environments and hours is the key for our dog to understand and perform it properly.

10. Do not eliminate physical rewards

As your dog learns and perfects his training, you have to eliminate the use of food How do you reinforce each behavior? Gradually you have to use other reinforcers in everyday situations. Otherwise, your dog will wait as long as you have food in your hand to respond to your orders. The same goes for toys.

Of course, during maintenance sessions you can use food again to improve behavior, but food should not be a condition for your dog to respond in everyday situations. Also use congratulations "Very well!", caresses and sometimes no reinforcement. Yes, when you have it well acquired.

11. Repeat orders

All coaches with little experience repeat the orders in the beginning excessively. Thus, if the dog does not lie down they repeat "platz, platz, platz." As if with that they managed to pay attention to them. It is normal, but you should not make a habit, since then the order loses meaning to the dog.

12. Do not train enough

This is very common in those who want to train their dogs on their own. They start well but little by little they leave aside the training until they only train their dogs occasionally. In the same way that you cannot learn to play the piano practicing only once a month, your dog will never be well trained if you do not train it frequently.

13. Use mixed styles

It is also very common to borrow training techniques from all sides. Instead of helping, this ends up being counterproductive, as it confuses you and also confuses your dog. Taking a single reliable reference and follow it. If you use a canine training manual, continue with its techniques. If you take classes with a professional coach, do not change the techniques you saw on TV.

14. Do not keep training

Once you have completed a training course, your dog will behave well in certain situations. However, if you don't continue practicing with him, he will gradually go forgetting good habits and replace them with new (or old) bad habits.

Training is not something that ends in a couple of months. It is something that must be continued throughout the dog's life, although it is becoming easier because good habits become stronger in the dog.

15. Anticipate your dog's intentions

Do not start a training session without having planned it. Do not wait for your dog to get used to pulling the leash to stop that bad habit.

In general, anticipate what you think might happen and plan your dog's education. If you wait for things to happen you will not have the capacity to respond adequately. You must be properly informed of all stages of your dog's life to achieve a proper education.

If you want to read more articles similar to 15 mistakes when training a dog, we recommend that you enter our section of Basic Education.

What are the most common mistakes when educating a dog

When it is first time there are many mistakes that can be made. This is normal, since obviously, nobody is born knowing, but it is also true that there are many people who consider themselves professionals who use training methods that, rather than teach, What they do is that the dog feels fear.

On this occasion I will tell you what are the most common mistakes when educating a dog.

Before I begin, I want to clarify that I am not much less ethologist or trainer, so what I am going to tell you next is based on my own experience, on what friends and acquaintances have been telling me, and also on what I have read in several books about canine education and training.

Error number 1: We humanize dogs

There are many, many people who treat their dogs as if they were human babies. Obviously, you have to take care of them and give them affection, but It is not a good idea or to overprotect them, or dress them (unless it is out of necessity), or put their plate on the table, or always carry them in arms or in strollers.

But neither should it be punished as if we punish a child: "you will stay in your bed as punishment", "today there will be no walk for your bad behavior", and similar comments. Why? They do not understand. They only live in the present moment, and in the moment in which we are telling him that, he only knows that you are angry with him, but nothing more. It makes no sense to punish him so that he has time to reflect on what he has done, because he is not able to do it.

What you have to do is try to avoid misbehaving, and let you know that bad behavior is not accepted. But just at the moment when he misbehaves, not later.

Error number 2: Screams and touches

Following the issue of punishment, do not shout or hit them. That way nothing will be achieved, except that he fears us and does things, not because he wants to do them, but because he fears that he will be harmed. Dogs know well when they have done something wrong just by looking at our faces, they do not need (in fact, if done, we would be committing a crime of animal abuse) to be hit.

Error number 3: Load our dog with our stress and / or anxiety

Due to our frenetic pace of life, it is sometimes normal for us to feel stress and / or anxiety, but we should not burden our dog with it. He is not to blame for anything, and he just wants to spend as much time as possible with us, but still. So, if you are prone to be stressed or anxious, you can start taking valerian or tila infusions, do breathing exercises, listen to relaxed music ... Anyway, whatever you like and relax.

Error number 4: Blame it for your mistakes

The dog is not born knowing, so, for example, if he pulls on the leash, it is because his human has not taught him to go with her. This is very important to keep in mind, because it is we who have to teach him, yes, using methods that respect the animal and to be taught how to think, like positive training.

Error number 5: Make training a job, not a game

Dogs, like children, learn much better and much faster if they have fun. Thus, each training session should be fun, while stimulating. We can take out balls and hide them so you have to go looking for them, spread pieces of sausage on the garden floor so you have to use your sense of smell to find them, ... Anyway, give it imagination and you'll see how much fun you have.

By the way, give simple orders, of a single word, since otherwise it can be confused 😉.

Shout, fight or punish our puppy

One of the most common mistakes when training a puppy is to think that he can learn or reason as an adult dog. Puppies are similar to babies, compared to humans, so they still have no ability to learn.

To educate our puppy, we must be patient and understand that he simply wants to meet new things, walk, play, eat and sleep. Education is not something that interests them.

It is our responsibility to educate him correctly if, but after six months of life and little by little, not before. To do this, never use screams, do not quarrel or punish your dog because that is not the right way.

When your dog does something wrong, you just have to give it a touch, that way you will quickly learn: How to correct our dog correctly.

Over-protect and not socialize

Surely you've ever seen someone who takes your dog in your arms when you see a worrying situation, how to cross an unknown dog for example. This is a big mistake that many people make, over-protecting their dog.

We should never take our puppies in our arms because another dog comes, we must let them smell and interact. Dogs smell their asses and his genitals to meet and even to say hello, let your dog do it.

Ideally, socialize our puppy daily with new and familiar dogs, as well as with people and other animals. For this there is nothing better than going to a dog park and letting him make friends.

If you overprotect your dog and do not socialize well, as an adult it will be scary, grumpy, antisocial and surely somewhat aggressive.

Treat our puppy like a human

Another of the big mistakes when educating a puppy is to treat him as if he were our son ... he can be our dog, but not our son. We should never treat it like a human because we will create bad habits and generate behavior problems.

It is not advisable to let the dog go to bed, or to the sofa. Neither does he eat our food (let's feed him while we eat). It is not advisable to hold it in your arms as a baby.

And of course, it is not advisable to hug it as if it were a stuffed animal. We should simply treat it as what it is, a puppy. Give him love, take care of him but not humanize him.

You can get more detailed information about one of these tips at: Should I hug my dog?

Do not respect our puppy

Even people with experience in education and living with dogs make the mistake of not respecting their puppy when, for example, he is eating, sleeping or playing.

We should leave our puppy alone when he is doing any of these things, because it is important to let him know that he has his time and space. Never disturb your puppy when:

    Sleep plac> Do not create an exit routine

Creating a routine to go for a walk every day is essential for the dog to understand what time to go for a walk and start learning to control their basic needs, how to urinate and poop.

We must create and respect schedules for daily walks, being essential a walk in the morning, just awake, a walk at noon, a walk in the afternoon and a last pee at night, before sleeping.

If you can not respect these schedules so that your dog enjoys the street, the park, other dogs and can do their needs and spend their energy ... do not have a dog. Because they need our attention.


Puppies should not drink milk because it contains lactose. They should be fed with special milk for dogs (for sale in veterinary clinics) until they begin with solid feeding (from two months of age). About biting things, it's completely normal, I leave you info that can be of help:

Hello, I have a 1-month-old puppy and I'm worried because he sleeps a lot as he sleeps for long hours, is it normal? And he just wants yogurt. He doesn't want milk.

Ideally, it is only one who orders him at a time, that is, you can educate all four, but always in turns and doing the same education exercises (understand that if each one uses a technique, he will go crazy for the confusion). He must be at least 4 months old to start educating him and you must do short daily sessions of no more than 20 minutes and always after the walks (when he has already taken off). Take it easy, in order for them to learn well they must have at least one year of life, although after four months you can start small.

At home we are four brothers who take care of our puppy, take turns feeding him and playing with him. He already has a month at home, and we want to train him, my question is if we can train him all four at the same time, teach him the same order among all, for work and study reasons there are days when one of us does not see him all day . At first we try that only one of us will teach you but time does not allow it. Or how could we do to train him, because we want him to obey us all four.
Our dog is a 4 month saber German Shepherd puppy.
Thank you very much for your attention and collaboration.

If I can't interrupt him peeing or pooping, how do I teach him that inside the house is wrong? I wait for it to finish and then I say No !?

Hello Maria Jose,

Actually it is totally normal behavior, so small puppies are that, puppies. They just want to play, sleep and eat ... honestly, you have blown my mind with everything you've taught him while still being so small. In your case the barking is to get attention, he wants to play and the more adult dogs just want to be calm, it is normal for there to be discrepancies between them. Most likely, once you start going outside, run, play with other dogs and mature a little, you will pass the barking mania.

However you are doing very well, when barking insists with the "No", some things cost more work to learn than others, it only needs a little time (our dogs begin to teach them to sit from 4 - 5 months … Imagine).

Hello good, I have an English setter puppy of 2 and a half months and two Bretons (mother and daughter) one with 12 years and the other with 8. The puppy wants to play with them, barking, biting their ears, neck and they growl at them and they stir (they have never been bitten, but they show them teeth). He gets very excited and does not stop barking. I say NO, I separate him, I give him his teethers, when he shuts down I congratulate him, I caress him ... but in a minute he returns to the charge. I also reward him but the calm lasts for seconds. He is nervous and I still can't take him out to spend his energy.
We play with him, I have taught him with the clicker to sit, lie down, stand still, make his needs in absorbent paper on the balcony. He is very smart and has learned it. But with the barking issue there is no way to leave the dogs calm and not bite them. I do not know what to do now. Can you please give me some advice? Until next Wednesday I don't give him the 3rd vaccine. What I fear are the neighbors who will complain in the end because there are days that are 11 at night and barks and at 6 in the morning.
Thank you very much and greetings

It is a complex thing to explain in a few words, so in the next few days we will write an article about it.

Hi, I have a puppy of almost 5 months of dwarf poodle (more or less because it is not pure). It is very bad to learn almost everything ... but when it comes to playing with other dogs it is crazy, it is thrown at them as if there were no tomorrow and no matter the size. Above all, he throws himself with his legs to his face, which is the least tolerated by others. Most run away and he stays whining watching them go away. I don't know how to teach you a quieter approach. Thank you.

1. Weaning the puppy prematurely

This is a cruel and very serious mistake. Approximately a month and a half of life the puppy begins weaning naturally and progressively and this usually ends completely when the dog has already reached the two months old.

Not respecting the natural period of weaning by the impatience before the arrival of the puppy is a very clear symptom that the needs of the animal are not taken into account, but the owner's desire is prioritized.

A premature weaning not only has negative consequences about the puppy's immune system but about its socialization, since it is not the human family that begins the period of education, but the mother. We recommend that you never take puppies under two months of age.

2. Disturb the puppy's dream

We want to get rid of pampering, affections, games and all kinds of attention towards the puppy, we want to stimulate it in the best possible way so that it grows enjoying a full state of well-being. These interactions are essential, but as long as the puppy is awake.

It is a very common mistake (and typical when there are young children at home) that the puppy's sleep is disturbed to start the activities we have mentioned above and this is a disorder for his organism, since the puppies sleep a lot because they are in full growth stage and they need all their energy available. Therefore, disturbing the puppy's dream is one of the common mistakes when educating a puppy that has a worse impact on its well-being, we must avoid it.

Up to 3 months of age a puppy can sleep from 18 to 20 hours a day and if you want to take care of it and educate it properly it is essential that you respect this rest time.

3. Humanize the puppy

A human baby needs arms and continuous contact with his mother, but a dog is not a baby and unfortunately there are many people who still do not understand this and treat their puppy as if it were a small child.

A puppy needs a lot of care, but among them the fact that it should be cradled between our arms is not contemplated, this bothers him and creates a horrible feeling of insecurity He loses his support by not being in contact with the ground.

Another mistake that has to do with the humanization of the dog is to practice the colecho with a puppy, that is, to let him sleep with us. During the first nights the puppy will need a very comfortable, warm space and it may even be necessary to incorporate a dim light and a hot water bottle so that it feels good, but from there to put it in our bed half an abyss. If you don't want to sleep with your dog as an adult, don't put it in your bed While a puppy.

4. Give you our com>

Among all dog lovers we can say that this is the most widely committed mistake regardless of the vital stage in which our pet is.

Si quieres que tu perro siga una alimentación casera (con el asesoramiento previo de un experto en nutrición canina) perfecto, si quieres que tu perro siga una alimentación con pienso y premiarlo esporádicamente por sus buenas acciones con comida humana, perfecto. Pero darle de comer cuando la familia humana está comiendo es un gravísimo error.

¿Pero por qué es uno de los errores comunes al educar a un cachorro?

Muy sencillo, favorecerá el desarrollo de sobrepeso y obesidad en la etapa adulta del perro, ya que si además de su alimentación habitual y los premios comestibles, cotidianamente le brindamos nuestro alimento cuando estamos comiendo, es muy fácil y probable que se produzca un exceso diario de calorías. Lo ideal es que tu cachorro tenga su propio horario de comidas y que éste se respete por encima de todo.

5. Castigar y regañar al perro

Entre todos los errores referentes al adiestramiento canino este es uno de los más peligrosos, si quieres educar adecuadamente a tu cachorro debes entender algo muy básico: al perro no se le regaña por sus errores sino que se le premia por sus aciertos. Esta práctica se conoce como refuerzo positivo y toda la educación de tu cachorro debe basarse en este sistema. De no ser así, puedes desarrollar miedos en tu cachorro y en el futuro lamentarte por observar un comportamiento huidizo, distante e inseguro.

6. No socializar al cachorro o hacerlo mal

La socialización del perro es essential para tener a una mascota con un carácter equilibrado y puede definirse como el proceso mediante el cual el cachorro tiene contacto con humanos, con otros perros y con otros animales. No dedicarle tiempo a la socialización te traerá muchos problemas conforme vaya pasando el tiempo, pero igualmente también es peligroso socializar mal al cachorro.

Si queremos exponer a nuestro perro a nuevos estímulos debemos hacerlo de forma progresiva y cuidadosamente, ya que si estos estímulos son masivos y además no dan como resultado una experiencia positiva, será muy difícil que el cachorro madure adecuadamente.

Además de todo lo anteriormente mencionado, una mala socialización o una socialización errónea, puede hacer que en el futuro nuestro cachorro se vuelva reactivo, asustadizo o que, simplemente, no sepa comunicarse con otros perros.

7. No enseñarle modales

Uno de los errores comunes al educar a un cachorro es, precisamente, no educarle como merece. Recuerda que él no sabe comportarse y que apenas entiende el lenguaje humano. Debes enseñarle con mucha paciencia dónde debe orinar y cuáles son las cosas que puede mordisquear y cuáles no. Si obviamos este tipo de educación desde un principio, es muy probable que en el futuro nuestro perro no sepa comportarse.

8. No iniciar el adiestramiento

Finalmente debemos recordar que será imprescindible iniciar a nuestro cachorro en el adiestramiento cuando éste tenga entre 4 y 6 meses de vida, que es cuando mejor y con más eficacia aprenden. Enseñarle las órdenes básicas para perros será fundamental for your safety. Si no le enseñamos las órdenes, además de no saber comunicarnos con él, estaremos poniendo en riesgo su seguridad si en algún momento se rompe la correa.

Si te has quedado con ganas de saber más sobre el adiestramiento del cachorro, no dudes en visitar nuestra guía completa de la educación del cachorro.

If you want to read more articles similar to Errores comunes al educar a un cachorro, we recommend that you enter our section of Basic Education.