Animals

Guide to fleshy bones in the diet of dogs and cats: everything you need to know

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Many myths are caused by the food industry to get scared and that your dog does not give anything other than balls.

On the other hand, with the arrival of the internet, the forums have appeared and with these the “Experts” who do not show their faces but do “prescribe” a thousand formulas based on “their experiments and observations” Many of these hoaxes have grown to such a degree that people don't even question them anymore.

1 MYTH NUMBER ONE

Dogs cannot eat raw food. I ask you, what animal do you know that cooks its food? None, only the human being. The dog has an IDENTIC digestive system that of wild dogs, that of wolves. That is, they are able to eat carrion.

I don't know if they have had the opportunity to go to those countries where there isn't much control over the garbage. I have lived it for many years. Those dogs do not die and are identical to yours. With this I do not say that it is correct to feed your dog from the trash, the only thing I want to demonstrate is the great digestive capacity of the dog. Your intestine is short, very short and your pH is very acidic, as acidic as you can imagine, a pH of 1 (you put your finger for a few minutes and only the bone comes out).

If you want to convince yourself of your digestive system I recommend this educational video and that will open your eyes: Your dog is a carnivore.

2 MYTH NUMBER TWO

Dogs should not eat bones, their intestines are pierced. You will find older people, over 60 - 70 years old, who will tell you that they fed their dogs with leftovers from the house, rice and pieces of chicken or any other piece of meat including BONES and their dogs lived happily and without so much nonsense and they didn't spend it at the vet.

I remind you that the only rule is RAW BONES, never COOKED BONES, those can be dangerous and the dogs admitted to the operating room are for this type of bone. Bones according to the size of the dog, for dogs less than 10 kilos quail bones, picantones, rabbits or the tip of chicken wings are better.

If you want to learn more about bones, watch this video, you will be left with your mouth open: Your dog and bones.

3 MYTH NUMBER THREE

Chocolate and onion among other foods are very dangerous. First point, your dog does not need chocolate or onion, but on the other hand, do you think something will happen if you eat, for example, 2-3 grams of these foods? Nothing will happen to him. So? The conclusion is as follows: there is no good or bad food for any animal, the key is in its dosage.

This myth, of toxic foods, is created and supported by the industry to get you scared, so that if you try to give something other than pellets you are terrified thinking that you are going to kill it.

A practical example. I to my dogs I don't give them chocolate or onion but sometimes in the dessert they ask me for ice cream and this is a chocolate covered vanilla lollipop, I give them a little. Other times I make macaroni for me, prepare a mixture of onion with tuna and tomato and emptied it to the pasta Delicious! My dogs like it and I give them a little on their plate of food.

You have realized? Both foods have those foods that the industry tells you. Be careful, you can poison! Have my dogs died? And I've done it for many years, and I know thousands of customers who do similar things. Any problem? NONE

Watch this great article (video), the title says it all: “The tricky truths about toxic foods for your dog”

4 MYTH NUMBER FOUR

That of your dog's nutrition is a subject for scientists and enlightened. Large companies (not all) tell you about "Science" "Our latest research" and other scientific terms to make you believe that you are not able to learn to feed your dog in a healthy way.

That has been one of the main reasons why I have decided “Democratize canine nutrition education” My courses are free, so you can learn to feed your dog. Are you not able to bring your own nutrition in a proper way by instructing yourself a little? Please!

5 MYTH FIVE NUMBER

Commercial foods are the best, you don't have to give anything else and they cover all your needs. False! If you took your baby to the pediatrician and said “Give him exclusively this processed food that contains everything your child needs and does not give him anything else, other than water,” would you pay attention to that pediatrician? Of course not.

Famous companies invest a lot in advertising, so they use medium to low quality ingredients, to have great profits and a large part of them invest in advertising to convince you. Do not forget that advertising is the art of fooling you as long as necessary until you buy what they want to sell you.

Then think twice when you see or hear that "100% complete and balanced" "Everything your dog needs" and so on. Look at this article, great, it will open your eyes! Truths in dog nutrition. 100% complete Nonsense!

So why are fleshy bones so important?

Before explaining why, I want us to be clear about what I mean when I talk about fleshy bones: those bones that are soft and that are covered with meat, fat and, in some cases, skin (such as chicken carcasses, veal ribs or turkey wings, for example).

The fleshy bones form the basis of dog food and are an important component in the diet of cats. Why? Because both animals, being carnivorous, are designed to use bones and animal protein as the main source of nutrients for your body.

Fleshy bones benefit the health of your hairy in many ways: They provide proteins of high biological value, are rich in amino acids and fatty acids that are essential for the health of dogs and cats, provide energy and are easily digested.

In addition, fleshy bones They are a rich and balanced source of minerals such as calcium and phosphorus (indispensable in the diet of dogs and cats), zinc, manganese, magnesium, iodine, selenium, iron and chromium.

Chicken carcasses

Dr. Ian Billinghurst, creator of the BARF diet, veterinarian and animal nutrition specialist explains:

“Raw fleshy bones have benefits that go beyond nutrition. They play an important role in maintaining the health of the immune system and the health of the mouth, teeth and gums. They also provide unique psychological and physical benefits that are not available at any other food source. ”

How much fleshy bones should dogs eat?

As a general rule, A dog should eat between 60 and 50% of fleshy bones corresponding to his daily ration. The actual amount varies depending on each dog, but it is recommended to start from 60% of bones and adjust according to how your hairy feels.

With Honey, for example, I started giving 60% fleshy bones. I soon realized that I had to give it a lower percentage because it presented a little constipation and difficulty defecating, so I lowered the percentage to 50%, raised the percentage of meat and go? (If you lower the percentage of bones, always remember that you must raise the meat in the same proportion). If you want to read more about percentages and quantities, see this article.

How to know if my dog ​​needs a lower percentage of bones?

It's simple: the answer is in the poops. The poops are our allies to examine and analyze if everything goes well with the feeding of our hairy.? ️‍♀️ If your hairy has very white poops, has difficulty defecating or has constipation, try lowering the percentage of bones a little and raising the meats until you find the ideal amount for your body. Their poops should be brown, firm (a little hard), small and with a modest smell.

Visual guide to fleshy bones suitable for dogs and cats on a natural diet

All the fleshy bones that I describe in the picture are suitable and ideal for dogs and cats. Remember that variety is important to achieve a balanced diet! Use different types of bones to build your hairy weekly or monthly menu?

⚠⚠ Always remember to freeze fleshy bones for at least 3 days before feeding your hairy one. This way we make sure to kill possible harmful parasites that the meat may contain.

❗ Are you afraid of giving him bones? I understand you, it is a concern that I also had at the beginning. If you are scared you can always give them ground or crush them with a kitchen hammer, however keep in mind that, In addition to its nutritional benefits, fleshy bones help clean your dog's teeth by freeing them from tartar, They help strengthen the jaw and relax them. Are all benefits?

If you are still scared or if your furry for some reason could not chew the bones (for dental problems, because he does not accept them, or any other reason) and you prefer to grind them, remember to add once or twice a week recreational bones, which are those large bones without meat that can not eat but gnaw. This will help you clean your teeth in addition to providing extra calcium in the diet.

Some examples of recreational bones:

  • Of the veal: knee, cane, humerus, hip.
  • Of the pig: legs, spine.

If you found the information useful, share? ❤?

Raw or cooked meat?

In the world of dog nutrition We can find countless studies and opinions. Some reject raw food because of the possible presence of parasites and pathogens, while others reject cooking because of the loss of enzymes, natural probiotics and vitamins. What is true in all this? Which is the best option?

The domestication process that the dog has undergone has changed some aspects of its digestive physiology, as well as other structures, hence at this point in history the differences between dogs and wolves, close relatives, are so obvious.

However, the domestication of the dog has not changed the essence of it or the essence of its diet, a carnivorous feeding in which the dog would consume without any problem, and preferably, raw meat provided it was in a wild state. Raw meat is good for the dog because it adapts perfectly to its organism:

  • The teeth are strong enough to tear the flesh.
  • The stomach is small and muscular, it is prepared for its digestion.
  • The intestine is short which prevents rotting of the meat during digestion.
  • The digestive juices of the dog as well as its saliva are perfect to be able to assimilate the meat protein.

The digestive system of the dog is prepared to digest without problems meat, preferably raw, which is how it would be consumed in the natural environment. We should also point out that some legends, such as "raw meat makes a dog more aggressive" is totally false.

However, as we mentioned at the beginning, there are possible parasites and pathogens that can be found in raw meat, so it will be essential to look for foods that certify its quality. Likewise, to fully ensure that our dog cannot get infections due to Salmonella, E.coli or TrichinosisFor example, we can freeze the meat or mark it lightly on the grill before offering it. It is up to the owner's choice to offer it completely raw, for a better nutritional contribution, or lightly cooked, to avoid health problems. It is a personal choice.

Finally note that, in the end, it will be the same dog who will choose to eat one product or another. While some dogs relax when they see a piece of raw meat, others will reject it with an obvious face of disgust, something that usually occurs in small breeds, in elderly dogs, or in those that have not been accustomed since puppies.

The proportion of meat in the dog's diet

Although the dog should not only feed on meat, the truth is that it should be the food of greater presence in your diet. As we mentioned in the previous section, the dog has a small stomach, therefore the portions should not be large and should be repeated two to three times a day.

In the dog's diet the proportion of meat should be around 75% of the total ration, and contrary to popular belief, the viscera are not good because they are generally very intoxicated. For example, all the drugs given to a cow are metabolized in their liver, which causes this organ to accumulate waste that is not beneficial for the dog.

What to keep in mind when freezing meat?

On the one hand, in order to maintain the good condition of the meats, it is necessary to respect their freezing and refrigeration temperatures.

  • To refrigerate raw meat should be kept between 4 ° and -2 °
  • To freeze Raw meat should be kept below -10 °

What kind of raw meat is convenient for a dog to eat?

It is convenient to provide our dog leftover lean meat, preferably sheep, goat or beef, however, when we talk about small dogs, the meat that is most recommended is rabbit and poultry.

We know that giving a dog raw meat daily can have an important economic impact on some families, but we have talked about leftovers of lean meat, they are suitable, the dog does not need more and they are very affordable in butchers.

What is the right way to defrost it?

  • The right way is to do it in the refrigerator since the cold will protect the food from microbial development.
  • You should never defrost meat at room temperature and that this favors microbial development.
  • It also can defrost in the microwave thin and small pieces so that cooked areas are avoided in front of others still frozen.

Tips for giving raw bones to your dog

If you have decided to include fleshy raw bones as part of your hairy diet or as a reward, you will have to consider these recommendations to give dogs bones:

  • Always avoid cooked or cooked bones, offer only raw ones. Always consider the size of both the dog and the bone to make sure that it is difficult for it to be swallowed whole and stuck. For example, do not give a large or small bone to a large dog, just quite large or really small.
  • Never give your dog cut or splintered bones.
  • It is preferable that you use frozen or semi-frozen raw fleshy bones. This will take more nutrients and the dog will have to nibble more to get the food, cleaning more teeth, eating more slowly, getting rid of accumulated energy, and so on.
  • The round bones are adequate, since this way you will have to chew more and it will be more difficult for you to swallow it unintentionally.
  • Small and flat bones, such as ribs and those of chicken or turkey wings and necks, since they have very little meat and can easily be swallowed in addition to producing constipation by having hardly any meat.
  • Avoid giving many bones so you do not suffer constipation.
  • You can give them raw and crushed, mixing them with homemade food.
  • Do not give large bones such as femurs and kneecaps of large animals, such as cows or oxen, as these are very hard and strong and could damage or break your hairy teeth.

If you want to read more articles similar to Are raw bones good for dogs? - know the answer here, we recommend that you enter our category of Pets.

A tip worth knowing

«Yes, it is possible to freeze previously cooked meat intensely«, Explains the nutritionist. This means that the temperature of the food has to be 70 ° inside (brown in the center). This procedure dramatically reduces the number of microorganisms.

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So what is the BARF diet?

The word BARF comes from the English “Biologically Appropriate Raw Food” which means “Biologically appropriate raw food”. Basically the BARF diet It consists of feeding our dogs and cats following their evolutionary diet, that is, trying to imitate as much as possible the food they would carry in nature.

And what is that? Being carnivores, your entire body and digestive organ has been designed to digest and process animal proteinraw.

Why feed our dogs with BARF?

To understand why, I would like to tell you How the dogs evolved

The first dogs emerged from the domestication of the wolves that came to steal food leftovers from humans, when their prey was scarce. With the passing of the human years and wolves they were creating a mutually beneficial relationship, since the friendliest wolves obtained easy food and the humans benefited from the ability of the wolves to take care of their territory.

Thus, humans were crossing those wolves that had desirable characteristics (both physical and behavioral) until they reach the dogs we know today. Why am I telling you this? Because it is important to understand that, although changes in appearance and behavior (phenotype) are relatively easy to achieve in a few years, DNA (genotype) remains the same as wolves. In fact, dogs share 99.9% of their DNA with them.

For this reason, when talking about nutrition we must remember that dogs are genetically still wolves. HUMANS WE CANNOT MODIFY THEIR DNA TO BECOME HERBIVORS OR OMNIVENTS simply because dogs have neither the metabolism nor the digestive tract of an omnivore or herbivore.

And this is the reason of greater weight to change the feeding of your dog to the diet BARF: Your dog is carnivorous and must eat raw animal proteins to achieve a proper balance of its organism and functions. Otherwise, by feeding it with an ultraprocessed such as feed, you will be seriously damaging its health (enter here to read about the dangers of feeding your pet with feed)

Meat or fish

Meat with its fat and fish also form an important part of the BARF diet, since both are proteins of high biological value, rich in water, essential and non-essential amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, enzymes and minerals. A dog should eat between 20 and 30% meat with its fat a day.

Fish, on the other hand, is a rich source of Omega 3 essential fatty acids, which are vital to the health of your dog. The BARF diet recommends giving fish (better if they are blue) biweekly.

Provide a variety of meat and fish is important to achieve a good balance of the diet.

Some examples of meat:

  • Chicken gizzards.
  • Chicken breast.
  • Veal heart
  • Turkey.
  • Rabbit.
  • Veal.
  • Pork.
  • Lamb.
  • Duck.
  • Deer.
  • Horse.
  • Ostrich.
  • Goat.
  • Green gut

Some examples of fish:

  • Blue fish: sardines, anchovies, tuna, salmon, horse mackerel, trout, bonito.
  • White fish: sea bass, dogfish, hake, grouper, cod, sole, whiting.

The viscera are another fundamental component of the BARF diet, although we must give them in a smaller proportion -only 10% a day- thanks to the incredible amount of Vitamins, minerals, enzymes, essential fatty acids, antioxidants and water.

Some examples of viscera are:

  • Liver (The liver contains a high concentration of vitamins, so it is recommended to only give 5% daily and combine it with another viscera).
  • Kidney.
  • Lung.
  • Brains.
  • Pancreas.
  • Testicles

Fruits and vegetables

Wolves consume vegetables mostly through the stomach contents of their prey, in addition to consuming fresh fruits. Fruits and vegetables should constitute 10% of their diet because They contain a good amount of soluble fiber and are rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and essential fatty acids.

The most advisable thing is to crush the fruits and vegetables with the blender or blender, to facilitate the digestion of these carbohydrates. Remember that being carnivorous, dogs do not process carbohydrates in the same way as an omnivore, and these are not essential in their diet.

Some examples of fruits you can give your dog are:

  • Cambur or Banana.
  • Apple.
  • Strawberries
  • Raspberries
  • Pear
  • Tangerine
  • Pin or Watermelon
  • Peach / Peach
  • Kiwi
  • Cherry
  • Blueberries
  • Cantaloupe
  • Orange
  • Pineapple
  • Mango
  • Nectarines
  • Pomegranate
  • Coconut
  • Loquat
  • Plum
  • pumpkin
  • Tomato (NEVER GREEN)

Some examples of vegetables you can give your dog are:

  • Broccoli
  • Zucchini
  • Paprika (red and green)
  • Carrot
  • Spinach
  • Cucumber
  • Lettuces of different types
  • Cauliflower

Supplements / Complements

There are some foods and supplements that we can include in our hairy diet once, twice or three times a week to provide extra nutrients, vitamins, minerals, amino acids and fatty acids.

  • Raw eggs (high biological protein rich in essential amino acids).
  • Yogurt or Kefir (source of probiotics).
  • Chicken legs and pork ear (rich in collagen).
  • Spirulina (super food rich in essential amino acids).
  • Brewer's yeast (vitamin B complex).
  • Garlic (antiparasitic).
  • Olive oil (fatty acids).
  • Coconut oil (antibacterial).
  • Chia (Omega 3).
  • Apple cider vinegar (antiparasitic).
  • Fish oil (Omega 3).
  • Golden paste (anticancer).
  • Herbs such as rosemary, thyme, oregano, parsley, basil, coriander.

Do not forget the water!

Dogs that eat BARF drink considerably less water in comparison to the dogs that eat, I think, since natural food - and especially raw food - has a high water content in its composition.

However, we must make sure we have Water always available on demand and accessible to our dogs, so that they can drink if they feel the need to do so. Remember that dehydration directly affects your kidney functions.

Variety is important

❗ A super important aspect to consider is that We must provide a variety of foods to achieve a balanced diet. We cannot fall into the error of giving our dogs a single source of animal protein such as chicken, since We can fall into nutritional deficiencies that will also harm the health of our dogs.

If you make sure to provide different types of animal proteins, fish, guts, fruits and vegetables, you will be able to give your hairy a balanced diet over time. It is also important to ensure, to the best of our ability, to take care of the origin and quality of the food we give them. Well, the nutrients provided by a chicken that eats grains is not the same as a poultry chicken, and that will have an impact on your health.

How to calculate your daily ration

The amount of food they should eat daily is calculated depending on your weight, your level of physical activity, your age and other factors such as: having a very high level of physical activity (dogs that practice sports such as hunting or agility), being sterilized, or being very nervous. To calculate your daily ration you just have to follow the following table of barf quantities for dogs:

You just have to make a simple rule of three to know the amount of daily food, multiplying its weight by the percentage that corresponds to it according to the table. It is important to note that in adult dogs the IDEAL WEIGHT should be used as the basis for the calculation. This is especially important in dogs with obesity or malnutrition, since the calculation in these cases is done taking as their starting point their ideal weight, which is not the same as the real one.

For example: Honey weighs 26 kilos (which also correspond to your ideal weight according to the standards of your race and size) and has a medium to high level of physical activity (walk at least two hours a day). In that case it would be up to him to eat 3% of his weight, however, to calculate his daily ration I also take into account that Honey is sterilized and that the farmers have a tendency to gain weight, so that they lower the percentage to 2.5% (At the beginning it is about knowing your dog and adjusting the percentages until you find the one that feels better). So, we do a simple multiplication:

26 X 0.25 = 6.5 ➡ 650 grams of food per day.

Then, To know the amount of daily ingredients you just have to calculate the percentage of each ingredient by multiplying the weight by the percentage of meat, meaty bone, viscera or fruits indicated above.

Without doubt the BARF diet is the best option to feed your hairy. I tell you from my own experience, and from the experience I have had with the other dogs that I have helped with the transition. Everyone is in perfect health, happy and a dog show.

So do you dare? ? If you want more information, in the following video I explain everything about the BARF diet and how to calculate the amount your hairy should eat ⬇⬇⬇

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