What should I know before adopting a puppy?


Puppies or adult dogs. Adoption and second chance to those animals that are in a street situation. All these alternatives are totally valid for those who want to include as a new member a dog within the family. This act of love not only changes the lives of pets but also of people.

Behind that gesture, there are responsibilities that cannot be fulfilled once the decision is made. Taking care that they have a good diet, exercise daily, be stimulated through play and receive regular attention from a veterinarian are some of the duties to be fulfilled.

There are those who prefer smaller animals because they want to know their character even in the smallest detail, but there are also those who decide to give a second chance to older animals or who have suffered abuse of all kinds throughout their lives.

As he explained to Infobae the ethologist Silvia Vai, in both cases, the protectors exclusively consider who the adopters are. In general, the procedure includes a previous interview in which the interested party is known and subsequently, with exceptions in which the interest is not genuine.

Keep in mind that the pet will need time from its new owner

Once the dog is in the home, a follow-up is carried out that may include home visits to monitor the condition of the animal. However, there are some cases in which it is necessary to recover it to avoid future problems.

The period of adaptation will depend on the age and the past of the adopted pet. It is not the same if he lived with people who gave him all the care or if he was in a street situation. The little ones will adapt faster but it will take more time to be educated.

If they are larger and have a balanced behavior, acclimatization will occur in the same way, said the ethologist. However, those who come from refuge or have bad behavior will have a little more difficulty, but they will succeed.

Vai said that it is necessary to know that the behavior will depend largely on the environment that surrounds it from its gestation and learning period, to the type of stimulation it receives.

"It is an intelligent animal that every day knows what it takes to survive and spend the best time possible. This can be achieved by associating the positive or negative response to what you are doing, out of curiosity, watching others execute certain behaviors, by trial and error, for example. "

"It is fun to have a playmate for children, someone to sleep with in an embrace, to provide protection or to wait for us every day when we return home. But the fundamental thing is to remember that it is a living being that has its own needs, between they share time with who is in charge to learn what they need and correct what bothers them, "he said.

Unfortunately, there are many who forget the most important thing in a chest of memories: they are not objects but living beings. There are quite a few cases in which they are taken as toys and not as pets. "Sometimes, it must accommodate the breakup of couples, with loss of partners and territory, to shared tenure where each of their tutors imposes their own times and rules or to assembled families," Vai said.

"In addition to the incorporation of new individuals into the home, other animals, of the same species, may also arrive and may get along well or badly, a situation that can generate anxiety. access to an own space to get away and not be disturbed, "he added.

Analyze your day to day before adopting a puppy

With the arrival of a dog your life to change. Many owners adopt or buy a baby and then they are surprised that they bark a lot, they can get to bite or break things. If you adopt a puppy you have to know that some routines in your life will change.

Living with a dog has its advantages and disadvantages. Further, Although the puppies still do not go out, they are animals that demand a lot of time and attention Inside the house for his youth. Therefore, before adding a dog to your life you must make a reflection and find out if you are going to have 4 or 5 hours a day to devote to it.

But when they grow up they still need attention and also go out for a walk, something that, incidentally, is even a healthy habit for people. So, reflect on your schedules and your way of life.

Do you have that time to dedicate? How many hours does the dog have to spend alone at home? If you can't include a puppy in your day to day, maybe it would be better idea to leave it for later.

Where to choose the puppy

You know that your life can accept a dog, so the next question is oriented which way you will take to get it. There are currently two options: buy or adopt. The general advice, unless you want a very specific type of dog, is that you adopt. There are thousands of animals looking for a home, and your home is looking for an animal.

Anyways, you should know well where he is and how your puppy is living. Search for protectors in your area, investigate what kind of animals they usually have, what their facilities are like and ask what the adoption process is.

A responsible protector should inform you where the animal that you are given for adoption has come from, what its specific state of health is and what commitments you make before adopting a puppy. For example: how many vaccines are you wearing, when was your last deworming and if in the future you will have to sterilize it.

In case you want to buy a puppy, go directly to a breeder and don't buy showcase puppies. A professional breeder should allow you to meet his mother and siblings, in addition to visiting his facilities. If you ask to get in touch with other previous buyers so they can tell you about their experience, it shouldn't stop you.

What kind of puppy

Sometimes it is difficult to know how big a puppy will be when he is an adult. In the case of breeders or dogs of breed is usually more predictable than in mongrel dogs. Before adopting a puppy, investigate what you can that dog's genetics.

In the case of mestizos sometimes you have to be guided by intuition and if you have doubts, which is usual in the case of crossings for their different genetics, you should consult with a veterinarian or a canine educator.

Knowing the genetics before adopting a puppy will allow you to find out its size and approximate weight, but also what kind of diseases can suffer or even behavioral problems. Only then can you be certain that you are choosing a partner that you will fully fit with.

The races usually have a distinctive character and behavior or more frequent health problems, and this genetics can be inherited by mongrel dogs. For example, terriers dogs tend to have a strong character and be barking. A mongrel terrier is very likely to inherit this character and this tendency to bark.

Education for your puppy

Dog pups are babies when they arrive at your home. A dog is considered a puppy until approximately seven months and a teenager until he turns a year and a half or even two. When a puppy arrives at your house, he knows nothing, so it is up to you to teach him everything.

To prevent problems while young and as an adult find out well what education you should give and how. Note that traditional methods, such as scolding or rubbing your nose if you pee inside the house, have become dated and are problematic When the dog grows.

Before adopting a baby, make sure what the best education you can give him can be. There are books that can help you and in many cities there are canine educators that offer classes for puppies.

Prepare the house to adopt a puppy

Before the adopted puppy arrives at your home, you must condition it for him. Among the whole family, decide what standards you want to set and be consistent with them.

Protect all things that can bite or break to prevent accidents. Look for toys that can break, beds or resting places and different objects or food that can gnaw and bite. Decide where you will eat and sleep.

Get ahead of everything that can go wrong and lead the way for it to go well. But always keep in mind that he is a puppy and that he is expected to be wrong. Be patient with your dog baby. Learn to educate him without pain and with respect and you will have many happy years ahead of you both.

1. Find out

If you already know that you want a certain type of dog, read everything you can About your size, race or needs. "They usually go for the breeds, so they need to know for example in the case of dogs with strong characteristics if they are prepared to separate them in case of a fight or if they have any genetic disease of their breed."

2. Choose a mongrel

Hostels generally have more mongrel dogs that of breed, so that you would help them a lot by choosing to give home to a mongrel puppy. “They are dogs now that are renewed and improved. They leave without so many genetic problems and have all the characteristics of the dog. The dog is always going to give love, who tag is us. ”

3. Family consensus

If you live with more people, be they friends or family, it is basic make sure everyone agrees that bringing the dog is a winning idea. "It must be totally agreed upon by the whole family or by the members who live in it, because everyone must know the responsibility they are going to acquire."

4. Know how to give up

Sometimes the most difficult thing is to accept defeat. If you already went around the matter a lot and you are not sure that you can take care of your new dog friend, the best thing is step back and reconsider. "If someone decides that they are not prepared, it is better and worthy to applaud that they do not have one more member in their dog family."

Ask yourself if you can spend time

Will you have time to walk your dog three times a day? Will you remember to exercise your cat every night? If the answer is no and you have no one who can perform these essential tasks, you should stop here and consider a fish or parakeet as a low-demand animal companion.

Will your pet adapt to your lifestyle?

Choosing a pet based on how popular or cute it is is probably one of the worst decisions people make. Too often, these pets are dropped without ceremonies in an animal shelter when they show themselves as too energetic, too needy, too intolerant ... the list is endless.

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Know the race in which you are interested and be open to change your mind if it does not fit your ability to maintain your temper. Ask a lot of questions to people who take the animal out, maybe even find a specific breed group to ask some of the members questions. A great example is the recent fashion of Chihuahuas. Of course, they are adorable and can live in the home of any size and have very little maintenance. The problem is that they are generally not very tolerant of children and are one of the races known to bite children without much provocation. A pet cat must also match its personality. Some cats, for example, require a lot of attention and interaction, while others are mostly independent. Do your research and choose wisely.

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Interviews with veterinarians before adoption

Before you have decided on the type of pet that suits you, ask your friends for their veterinary recommendations. A veterinarian can be an excellent source of information to help you choose. The best pet that suits your lifestyle and needs. Not all veterinarians are the same and you want a veterinarian that best suits your needs. This will be a lifelong relationship and, as such, the choice is very important. Again, do your research. Read the online reviews of veterinarians in your community (with a grain of salt), ask the caregivers in your area who they recommend and make appointments to interview them.

Do not rely entirely on the friendliness of a veterinarian with humans (that is, you). A good veterinarian often has better animal-related skills than people. It is also your prerogative to ask the veterinarian if he / she can provide some references.

Make your home pet friendly

Did you know that something as simple as chewing gum can be deadly to dogs or that ibuprofen is toxic to cats? It is very important to stop by your house now, before taking a new pet to the house, to look for dangers and eliminate them from the road or from the house. This includes pet cabinets, counters, bottles of chemicals on the floor, small toys, power cords and curtains. And it doesn't stop there. You will also need to check toxic plants for dogs and cats at home and in the yard and if you carry a bag or purse, you should find and discard any potential danger, such as a sugar-free gum, which often contains xylitol.

Host an animal for life

Yes, it is true, this is a long list of questions. But if you take a quick look at a shelter you will understand why answering these questions before adopting an animal is so important.

Many of the abandoned animals in the shelters are puppies of dogs and cats, victims of people who allowed their animals to breed. But there is a fairly equal number of dogs and cats in shelters that are more than a year old that were welcomed by people who did not think about the responsibilities of being responsible for an animal before taking it home.

Please do not make the same mistake. Think before adopting. Share your v> to dedicate the necessary time, money, responsibility and love for the rest of your life.

Source: The Humane Society of the United States
Translation> (UVA)