The Siberian cat breed It is one of the three breeds that make up the group of forest cats, next to Maine Coon and the Norwegian Forest. They are characterized by having long, fluffy hair, quite long, well adapted to the weather conditions of colder climates.
Want to know more about the Siberian cat? Let's start with the basics:
- Size: Big
- Life expectancy: up to 20 years
- Lifestyle: Active, hunter, familiar.
Origin of the Siberian cat breed
This cat comes from the mountains and rocky areas of Russia and Ukraine. In Russia they have been popular pets for a long time, despite not being well known in Europe and America. In fact, in times of the tsars, the Siberian cat breed It was preferred to keep mice and other rodents at bay, they were palatial cats.
Most feline federations recognized the Siberian cat breed as an officer around 1987.
Characteristics of the Siberian cat breed
The Siberian is a cat of big size and strong musculature, with very agile and long legs. He has a long and abundant hair that helps him protect himself from the cold of Siberia, it is a cat very well adapted to the climate of its place of origin.
The hair of the hind legs and neck is longer than that of the rest of the body, but it is not particularly short in any area. Chocolate, cinnamon, lilac and fawn are the only colors not recognized within the breed, all others are accepted. On the other hand, colorpoints are known by the name of neva masquerade.
Character of the Siberian race
The Siberian is a calm and affectionate cat inside the home, very affectionate and familiar. However, that is not why it is especially submissive, in fact it has a quite strong character. He is very confident, brave and adventurous. He is a great hunter! He loves to stay active, play, climb and jump to try to hunt everything he sees. That is why, if you have a patio that I can leave, I will greatly appreciate it.
However, he is able to adapt to any home and gets along well with other pets and with children.
Care of the Siberian cat breed
The only care that should be noted of the Siberian breed cat is the The need to brush your hair frequently, which being long and having a sublayer is very easily entangled. For the rest, this cat needs the common care of any other.
Your hair coat is really waterproof, but this feature could be lost if the cat is bathed. Therefore, it is better to resort to dry cleaning.
Did you know that the Siberian cat breed is ideal for allergy sufferers? The dust that your body produces naturally does not contain the Fel D1 protein, responsible for about 80% of human allergies to animals.
Siberian cat breed health
Natural selection and adverse weather conditions have made the Siberian a really healthy, strong and resistant cat. Hereditary pathologies of the breed are not known nor do they usually get sick easily. That is why they can arrive without problem at 20 years of life.
Did you know the Siberian cat? Would you like to have one?
Apart from the care of the fur, nutrition with adequate food is essential to ensure that your Siberian cat enjoys a long, healthy and active life. Being carnivores, they require a meal rich in healthy proteins, and can only take advantage of a small amount of carbohydrates. In addition, the annual visit to the veterinarian can help detect possible diseases early and clarify doubts regarding the care and feeding of the animal.
Siberian cats are primitive animals. Since the breeding of robust cats is still very recent, there are hardly any inherited diseases typical of this breed. The crossing of various races and the so-called "online" can, of course, lead to hereditary diseases in isolated cases. The best way to prevent them is through a well-designed and professional crossover that avoids mating specimens with a close relationship and that pursues the goal of a healthy crossover. Both breeders and buyers of Siberian cats are responsible for safeguarding these lovers of the nature of hereditary diseases also for the future.
As a buyer, it is important that you acquire your cats only from a responsible and professional breeder. Small ads that promise breed cats at low prices can be tempting to bargain hunters, although they are often accompanied by a trick: in most cases, the welfare of the cat is not a priority. Cat breeding is an expensive hobby and those who want to take advantage of the sale often save on food, home and health care and a well-planned crossing. A breeder who is responsible for their animals and their young does not skimp on expenses or efforts. Regular visits to the veterinarian and tests to detect diseases known as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and renal cysts should be considered as standard. Also, this breeder can provide potential buyers with the results of the relevant tests. It also excludes sick animals from breeding and subjects them to surgical operations if necessary. Breeders' associations not only provide documentation, they also monitor the breed standard. Additionally, serious breeders are members of any of the many associations of cat breeders.
Kittens have to stay at least 12 weeks with their mother and siblings so they are prepared to move to a new home. During this important impregnation phase, kittens learn everything that prepares them for a long and healthy life. Breeders continuously monitor their animals and provide them with everything they need for the growth phase. They are also willing to offer advice and help to customers who buy their kittens, even after the sale.
Of course, all this costs money. To cover their expenses, a responsible breeder must request a certain price for each cat. Siberian cats from a registered hatchery cost around 700 euros each, so that future owners who wish to have more than one cat can have large expenses. In return, in the ideal case you will receive a well socialized and healthy cat who will be a fantastic companion for many years. Alternatively, you can visit animal protectors that have numerous cats, including some long-haired breeds, who hope to find a good home.
We wish you a wonderful life with your Siberian cat!
Where does the Siberian Cat come from?
The Siberian cat, as the name implies, has its origin in Siberia. A vast region that is located in the eastern Asian part of Russia.
It is said that the origin of this breed comes from cross between the european cat and the wild cat from the forests of Siberia.
This feline breed began to spread across the European continent after the fall of the Berlin wall. As of 1987, the pedigree with the name of the Cat of the Siberian Mountainsbut finally it would be called Siberian, to distinguish it from the Norwegian Forest cat.
Since his arrival in Russia and later to countries such as Germany and the United States, France and Spain, he became popular in society, for its beauty and majesty, which he also shared with the Maine Coon, as large cats that they are.
Siberian cat character
The Siberian cat is a kind of cat breed, with his human, he can chase him throughout the house until he receives his attention, because they are quite close and will not hesitate to be the first to receive you cordially, when you enter through the door of your house. At the same time, they are independent cats, and sometimes they prefer to be alone, without anyone bothering them.
For this breed of cats, it is a magical experience to lie on your trustworthy person, to have him brush his beautiful fur, since they feel especially happy and for the Siberian cat, this is a very special moment. It is a very social breed, with other cats, with humans and even with other pets. In addition, when you caress it it usually corresponds with soft purrs.
Is the Siberian cat hypoallergenic?
Recent studies ensure that it could be a breed of cats recommended for people allergic to cats. And despite the exuberance of their beautiful hair and hair, Siberian cats have lower concentration of Fel D10 protein in your saliva, and this substance is responsible for 80% of allergies that cats produce. It is still debated if this statement is contrasted.
Siberian cats They can weigh between 5 and 8 kilograms and generally have a medium to large average size. They have a strong and muscular physical structure, with a large body and solid legs. They reflect security, balance and intelligence. It is considered a breed that has adapted to the natural environment they come from, with a harsh and selective climate.
Layers of hair that protect it from the cold
A representative physical characteristic of the Siberian cat is its thickness fur made up of 3 layers of hair around the torso and abundant also in the neck, legs and tail. A long, firm tail that they use not only to keep it upright while they walk elegantly but to put it around their torso and warm up.
The top coat of Siberian cat fur, it is waterproof and it has natural oils, as well as a very thick lower one with a great insulating capacity, which protects it from the most intense cold.
Its thick fur can be of different colors: unicolor, bicolor or tricolor. With all possible combinations: with stripes or without stripes, spots, circles or gradients in the tones of your hair. With golden eyes, honey, greens, blues and different variations of these colors.
Even, They can also have different color eyes. A curious fact of this breed is that they like to play in the water, so they have no problem if you ever want to bathe them, although you already know that if the cat does not leave the house, you can clean them alone.
Health and care of the Siberian Cat
Fortunately, The Siberian cat for being a race of pure origin and not genetically manipulated by man, does not suffer from many congenital health problems and like other cats, it can suffer from habitual diseases that occur in all cats.
If you may be prone to hypertrophic heart disease (Enlargement of the myocardium of the left ventricle).
It is important to brush your coat regularly with a special brush at least twice a week and with greater intensity during periods of hair removal (spring and autumn), as this helps to remove excess excess hair and prevents bezoares formation. (Solid mass of indigestible material that accumulates in the digestive tract and sometimes causes an obstruction in the intestine). This occurs by swallowing dead hair, by licking.
Little or less is known of Neva Masquerade, which is a race not widely recognized and results from the "pointed" variant in the Siberian cat's fur pattern.
This means that the "less hot" limbs of the cat's body (the ears, the final section of the tail, the legs and the little face) are of the animal's base color, and all the rest of its fur, are of a Lighter colour.
All this is due to an alteration on the way in which the tyrosinase, produces the pigment of melamine and giving the appearance that the cat has a certain albino hue. In this breed or variant, this is highly valued relationship between the point tones of your limbs and its definition with the rest of the body, clearer.
Siberian cat pictures
- Source: Instagram User: Memiow_calzone
- Source: Instagram User: Jadethesiberian
- Source: Instagram User: juul_and_pip_siberian_cats
- Source: Instagram User: meetsansathecat
- Source: Instagram User: @titanandorion
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Origin of the Siberian cat
The Siberian cat is one of the so-called “forest cats”, Together with the Maine Coon and the Norwegian forest, given that the specimens of this breed spread through the leafy groves of Russia and Ukraine. It is believed that it comes from the crossing of domestic cats taken to Russia and Ukraine with wild cats from the Siberian forests, hence it is also called "Siberian forest".
This breed seems new since there are no documents that mention it until 1871. Thus, there was no official pedigree until 1987 and the World cat federation He did not recognize it until a few years ago, giving it its international expansion as early as the 1990s. This can be explained by the existing prohibition in the Soviet regime on the possession of companion animals, so that farmers who owned Siberian cats They did it undercover. But nevertheless, its origins seem to go back a thousand years ago in the time. In Russia they were habitual companions of the nobles, being very present in the most distinguished palaces of Imperial Russia. Therefore, it is part of one of the oldest cat breeds in the world, despite its official documentation on the dates indicated.
Siberian cat characteristics
Without doubt, the most representative Siberian cat's physical characteristic is its leafy fur consisting of three layers, present in many races, however, in this feline breed these are much more developed. This is due to the drastic temperatures of the Siberian area that it has to face in order to survive. Therefore, the covering hair is hard and, while it is somewhat shorter on the legs and chest, it is considerably long on the head and belly. Also having long fur between the fingers.
As for the coat color and eyes they are all accepted except chocolate and violet for the mantle, and their dilutions, and as regards the eyes amber and green are more common, and although blue can also occur, it is more rare. Regardless of the color your eyes, these are rounded and markedly expressive.
Its weight varies in general between 4.5-9 kg both in males and females, although the latter usually have a somewhat lighter weight, usually 4 to 8 kilos and males move more in a range of 5 to even 11, however, it must be taken into account that our cat will not reach its definitive size and weight until 4 or 5 years of age, its growth being considerably slower than in other breeds. Also, being their somewhat longer hind legs than the front ones, his back is slightly arched.
Siberian cat character
If we talk about the Siberian cat temperament, it should be noted that this breed is characterized by its sociability and affability. Although its robust appearance may be imposing, it is about a very affectionate cat and that it adapts well to dealing with other cats and even other animals such as dogs. The guardians of these cats say that their behavior is reminiscent of that of a dog, since they wait for them when they get home and are constantly asking for attention and affection.
On the other hand, it is also true that it may take some time to lose your initial shyness to strangers, so if you are the new tutor of one of these copies, you have to have a little patience, because once I know you, you will spend hours playing and begging for pampering. At first you can show an elusive character, with behaviors such as hiding before visitors, but, as soon as you take confidence, they will not hesitate to get belly up and purr happily before the caresses. Do not miss the article on "Tips to win the trust of a cat" if you have just adopted a Siberian and you find it difficult to adapt.
One of the care of the Siberian cat that will require more attention and dedication will be the fur maintenance. Given the length of the hair, a usual brushing to avoid knots and hairballs, insisting on the areas of the belly and chest, where the fur is more woolly. With 2-3 times per week will be enough. Check the article on "How to brush a cat's hair" to do it correctly.
Another aspect to take into account regarding the coat are the bathrooms, it is recommended not to bathe it, or at least not frequently, since the protective fat layer that allows the cold insulation and the impermeability of its coat would be eliminated, being able to favor respiratory diseases such as feline pneumonia when bathing it, in addition to the aesthetic level losing volume and brightness. Thus, dry baths are advised, that like the peeled one, something that in the race is contraindicated for the same reason as the bath, has to be carried out by good professionals who above all take care of the health of our feline.
Siberian cat health
Due to their wild origin and having remained unchanged by human hands, these cats they are strong and robust, with enviable health and without notable congenital diseases. Despite this, they have common diseases with any other race such as hypertrophic heart disease, which consists of an enlargement of the myocardium of the left ventricle, so veterinary check-ups must be frequent.
As in the rest of cats, it will be necessary to be attentive to the state of the fur, nails, mucous membranes and dentures to detect and prevent diseases. Likewise, it is important to carry out a schedule of vaccines and adequate deworming, always following the instructions of the veterinarian.