Canine leishmaniasis in a serious and fatal disease, dangerous during the hot months, but which can be avoided with repellents and mosquito nets
- Author: By EVA SAN MARTÍN
- Publication date: May 9, 2017
Leishmaniasis in dogs in a serious and chronic disease, and more dangerous during the hot months. Tiny insects, between two and three millimeters, are responsible for transmitting it to the dogs and causing them to lose hair, lack of appetite, attack on their vital organs and even death. How to recognize dog leishmaniasis? Does it also affect cats? Is there any treatment? What are the tricks to avoid this dangerous disease? Here are the answers to these questions.
Leishmaniasis in dogs: what are the symptoms?
The dog has lost hair around the eyes, ears and nose. They have appeared head and leg injuries. Your nails grow too fast. And he has less appetite. These are some of the first symptoms of leishmaniasis in dogs, an endemic disease in Spain that these animals contract with the bite of a mosquito and whose danger grows during the hot months.
Leishmaniasis is a dangerous disease caused by a parasite of the genus Leishmania, the Leishmania infantum, a dangerous protozoan that enters the dog's body when it is bitten by an infected mosquito. Through the bloodstream it reaches the cells causing damage to the affected tissues. "The parasite of leishmaniasis can invade the vital organs of the can, causing chronic diseases and even death, "explain veterinarians at Cornell University (USA).
The impact of leishmaniasis in dogs in Spain is important, because it affects more than 15% of dogs, and does not stop growing, as recognized by the Platform for the Prevention of Leishmaniasis, formed by veterinarians and disease experts in our country. Leishmaniasis, in addition, is especially dangerous at sunset during the hot months that now begin, from May to September. Even in warmer areas, mosquitoes carrying the dangerous parasite of leishmaniasis can be found throughout the year.
How does leishmaniasis attack dogs?
The insect that transmits leishmaniasis is called a sandfly. "This parasite is very similar to a habitual mosquito, with a yellowish body, and smaller size, it is so small that it is barely visible to the naked eye, "says veterinarian Guadalupe Miró, of the Complutense University of Madrid. The sandfly measures between two and three millimeters. It invades the organs of the can, causing skin, eye and joint injuries. When the disease spreads, it can damage the kidneys and even cause death of the animal
Females feed on the blood of dogs and other mammals such as cats, birds and even people. And it is that felines can also get sick from leishmaniasis, although this chronic ailment is a lot less frequent in cats than in dogs The signs of leishmaniasis in cats are similar to those of dogs: skin lesions, loss of appetite and even vomiting. But these symptoms do not always appear. Therefore, given the slightest suspicion, you should go to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
What is the treatment against leishmaniasis?
If the dog is sick with leishmaniasis, the animal will have to live with this condition for the rest of his life, because It has no cure. The veterinarian will put the best treatment against leishmaniasis that, although not eliminated, does hinder the growth of the parasite and, therefore, its damage.
So with leishmaniasis, prevention is better. Hence it is convenient to know how to prevent the canish leishmaniasis during the hot months ahead. Below are several easy tricks to achieve it.
Protect the dog against leishmaniasis: pipettes, collars and sprays
Unprotected dogs have a higher risk of getting leishmaniasis. Therefore, the first guideline is to go to the veterinarian and acquire a repellent that repels the sandflies. "Products against canine leishmaniasis are not infallible, but they reduce the risk of bites by 86%," concludes a study by veterinarian Richard Reithinger.
Products to scare away the sandfly exist in aerosol and pipette format. In addition, the antiparasitic collars Good ones also already include protection against leishmaniasis. The best advice? Be advised by the veterinarian and buy quality protection.
Vaccine against leishmaniasis in dogs
The vaccine against leishmania in dogs has existed since 2012 in Spain. The treatment is applied in three doses and must be repeated every year.
This vaccine reduces the risk of contracting leishmaniasis. "But, as with the other treatments, it is not infallible either: that is why the rest of preventive measures must be maintained," says veterinarian Manuel Lázaro.
Avoid night walks, and thus leishmaniasis in dogs
The activity of the sandfly mosquitoes - like that of the rest of insects that attack the dogs - wakes up at sunset, with the fall of the sun. Therefore, the advice of experts is to avoid walks during the most dangerous hours: from sunset to sunrise, between the months of May and September.
Mosquito nets: protection for the dog against leishmaniasis
The dogs that they sleep at home They are more protected against leishmaniasis. Therefore, dogs will be less vulnerable to the mosquito, if they are protected inside the house from sunset to dawn.
If you travel with the dog or spend the night outdoors, it is best to protect him with a mosquito net of less than two millimeters mesh, which is the size of the sandfly.
Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease in dogs that can be very serious or lead to serious complications.
Barcelona. (Editing Vivirmejor.com) .- In this video Dr. Juan Luis Cobeña, veterinarian of the Veterinary Clinic Cobeña de Guadalajara comments on the utilities of the new vaccine to prevent leishmaniosis, a parasitic disease in dogs that can be very serious or lead to serious complications.
Dr. Cobeña affirms that an effective vaccine is currently available to prevent leishmaniasis thanks to which the dog will be protected and can defend itself against a possible aggression of this parasite. It also explains how the vaccine works, its uses, to which dogs it is indicated, its experience, the possible adverse manifestations and the risk-benefit balance when applying the vaccine.
The information provided has been raised to support, not replace, the direct relationship that exists the patients / visitors of this website and their doctor. If you have health problems, consult your doctor
The canine leishmaniosis It is a very dangerous disease, so much that it can be fatal. At the moment there is no total cure for this disease, but it is possible to treat infected dogs to reduce the amount of parasites and control symptoms. Veterinary research does not stop bringing new solutions, so there is room for optimism.
Containment will always depend on the effectiveness of the diagnosis and personalized treatment. It is essential to take our furry friends to the veterinarian, because only this professional can assess the symptoms, analyze the samples, diagnose accurately and determine a treatment. All this requires specialized work dedicated to each dog, because with leishmaniasis there are no two equal cases and all the factors affect the result: breed, age, sex, weight, general health status and speed of action.
The process is long, the veterinarian visits numerous and the treatment expensive. The dog will need veterinary attention for the rest of his life, but he can overcome it if we do it well and we are together.
Remember, prevention is better
The leishmaniasis vaccine, available since 2012, provides quite high immunity. It is applied to healthy puppies over six months with three doses in the first year of vaccination, and an annual dose of recall.
However, uNot one of the most interesting and safe methods is to avoid the sandfly, the first person responsible for leishmaniasis. If this mosquito does not bite, there is no disease. Follow these tips to avoid getting close to your dog:
- Put repellents prepared for the sandfly (antiparasitic collars, insecticide sprays, drops or any other effective).
- Consider placing electric insecticides at home and mosquito nets to prevent them from entering.
- Do not take the dog for a walk in wet areas at sunset during the mosquito's busiest months (June, July, end of August, September and October).
On the other hand, do annual blood tests on your dog even if it looks healthy. Many times, the speed of infection is the key to survival. Do not wait for symptoms to appear.
In short, to keep our friends healthy and happy we just have to pay attention to the details and follow the veterinary instructions. It will be helpful to have the coverage of Mascotsegur insurance, which reimburses visits to the veterinarian. ¡Hire it on-line now!