Animals

How to remove a tick from your dog safely

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Ticks are small creatures, similar to insects that live in forests and fields. Stick to you by brushing bushes, plants and grass. Once in you, the ticks move to hot and humid places. They are often found in the armpits, groin and hair. Ticks stick tightly to the skin and begin to suck blood for food. This process is not painful. Most people will not notice the tick bite.

Ticks can be quite large, about the size of a pencil eraser. They can also be so small that they are very difficult to see. Ticks can transmit disease causing bacteria. Some of these can be serious.

First aid

If a tick sticks to you, follow these steps to remove it:

  1. Use tweezers to grab the tick near the head or mouth. DO NOT use your bare fingers. If you don't have tweezers and need to use your fingers, use a tissue or paper towel.
  2. Pull the tick out with a slow and steady movement. Avoid squeezing or crushing the tick. Be careful not to leave the head embedded in the skin.
  3. Clean the area well with water and soap. Also wash your hands carefully.
  4. Store the tick in a jar. Keep a close eye on the person who was bitten during the next week or two, to detect the symptoms of Lyme disease.
  5. If all parts of the tick cannot be removed, get medical help. Bring the tick in the jar to the appointment with your doctor.

How you should NOT remove a tick

Before you start talking about the most effective methods to remove a tick I would like to start talking about the methods you should not use. These methods, some of them widespread, do not work and can even become dangerous. These are the best known:

  • Burn it with a match or a cigarette
  • Remove it with your fingers (even if we wear gloves)
  • Apply nail paint on it (yes, there are people who think it works)
  • Use conventional sprays or insecticides

Using any of these methods, in addition to being ineffective, can cause the tick to regurgitate the blood drawn into the animal's bloodstream, putting our dog at risk in the event that such blood is infected. It's about extracting the tick without any of this happening.

It is not due

  • DO NOT try to incinerate the tick with a match or other hot object.
  • DO NOT twist the tick when removing it.
  • DO NOT try to kill, drown or lubricate the tick with oil, alcohol, Vaseline or other similar material, while the tick is still embedded in the skin.

How IF you should remove a tick

The most effective method and the one that most veterinarians use is to extract it by using tick clamps. The objective is to extract the parasite completely from the dog's skin without any part of its body being hooked to its skin, which would later be very difficult to remove and could cause an infection. We refer specifically to the hypostoma, which has been specially designed to adhere as much as possible to its guest and prevent them from detaching it. For any of this to happen you must follow the following steps:

Step 1 : Put on some gloves. It is very important to wear gloves since, as we have said before, ticks are transmitters of diseases so it is better to take precautions to avoid any type of infection.

Step 2 : Find a time where your dog is as calm as possible. This method is totally painless for him, but it is highly recommended that he move as little as possible during the extraction process. This will make it much easier to extract.

Step 3 : Place the clamp at the exact point where it is attached to your dog's skin and slowly begin to rotate the clamp. With three turns it should be enough to separate it completely from the dog's skin. You can see it in more detail in this video:

Step 4 : place the tick in a container with a little alcohol, and in a few minutes say goodbye to it 🙂 Some veterinarians recommend keeping it a few days in case your dog gets sick and have more information about the origin of the infection.

Step 5: congratulate your dog for his good behavior. During the following days, check the extraction area to verify that it is not infected. If the area is reddish or you detect any abnormal symptoms in your dog, make an appointment with your veterinarian.

When to contact a medical professional

Call the doctor if you have not been able to remove the entire tick. Also, see if in the following days after the tick bite develops:

  • Rash
  • Pseudo-flu symptoms, including fever and headache
  • Joint pain or redness
  • Swollen lymph nodes

Call the local emergency number (such as 911 in the United States) if you have signs of:

  • Chest pain
  • Heart palpitations
  • Headache getting stronger and stronger than not responding to medications
  • Paralysis
  • Strong headache
  • Respiratory distress

conclusion

Fleas, ticks, the further away from our dogs the better. Always remember to use antiparasitic products to prevent their occurrence and in case of infection always use safe methods to eliminate them. For more protection and control you can bathe your dog at home frequently which will help you protect them against parasites and detect them more quickly.

My name is Carlos. I am a dog trainer for the R.S.C.C and I have shared my life with dogs. Now is the time to share all these experiences with you so you can live better in the company of your best friend.

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Prevention

To avoid tick bites:

  • Wear long-sleeved pants and shirts when walking through areas of dense vegetation, tall grassland or very wooded areas.
  • Insert the pants inside the socks to prevent ticks from crawling on your leg.
  • Always keep the shirt inside the pants.
  • Wear light colored clothing so that ticks can be easily seen.
  • Spray clothes with insect repellent.
  • Check your clothes and skin frequently while in the forest.

After returning to the house:

  • Take off your clothes. Inspect all skin areas very well, including the scalp. Ticks can quickly climb throughout the body.
  • Some ticks are large and easy to locate. Others can be very small, so all black or brown spots on the skin should be evaluated very well.
  • If possible, ask someone to help you examine your body to see if there are ticks.
  • An adult should carefully examine the children.

  • Lyme's desease
  • Dog and deer tick
  • Ticks embedded in the skin

References

Bolgiano EB, Sexton J. Tickborne illnesses. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier, 2018: chap 126.

Cummins GA, Traub SJ. Tick-borne diseases. In: Auerbach PS, Cushing TA, Harris NS, eds. Auerbach's Wilderness Medicine. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier, 2017: chap 42.

Diaz JH. Ticks, including tick paralysis. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, Updated Edition. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders, 2015: chap 298.

Last revision 1/3/2019

English version reviewed by: Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

Translation and localization by: DrTango, Inc.

1. Clean the area

You must first soak a cotton ball with alcohol and clean the area around the tick in order to disinfect it. Apply alcohol for about five minutes before acting.

4 Comments

With Gasoi it is extracted more cleanly and easily. It is a mistake to use Gasoline. In truth it is to disinfect the area with BETADINE before extracting and afterwards and then administer antibiotic in an optional and analytical order. And check if there is a fever. Never remove with tweezers and less with the fingers of the hand because of danger that it hooks on the nails. When in doubt, go to the ER as soon as possible.

Friends who are sorry to discuss what they have written, uncle with, regarding how to remove a tick that is already attached and with the hook well inserted in the leather of one. It is not necessary to tear out why the hook stays inside and it will not come out easy and you will almost never notice that he stayed, ready to disinfect if he can and is not involved in the hunting or fishing mountain or just walking, why I do not see who would load , cotton, tweezers, alcohol etc. Just take the animal and with a stick, razor blade or knife, pick it up and burn it with a match let it just fall off, or if you have a nail clipper or
The sharp sharp cut it to the middle of her body and she alone will fall.

Easier. ... experts say that the stomach donut is pressed for a few moments and releases itself ... then to the doctor in case you are infected with something ... TV can sometimes be useful

26 Comments

Hello Pedro:
The subject is very interesting. Even more if you have read something about the matter before and have had to withdraw some. It is truly dangerous, disgusting and unpleasant. And very frequent, contrary to what most believe. Every year, many people are treated for problems derived from tick bites.
It should be stressed that the one that bites you a tick has nothing to do with personal hygiene. You just have to give them the opportunity.
You have to check the whole body thoroughly, everything. I have had to remove some of the areas involved in people who, by shame, had not previously reviewed.
They are transported by all kinds of animals, including birds in flight that are the ones that distribute them in some areas.
To remove them especially when it is difficult to locate the jaw (which is the one that must be immobilized so as not to break it or tear it away from the rest and which must be pulled so as not to compress the body of the mite), we can help ourselves with some homemade instruments if we do not have fine tweezers, such as one or two pieces of plastic or hard paper to which we would make a “V” shaped notch, to help us locate and hold the jaw of the tick, while pulling that point, until Get it to disengage. The little ones, come out on many occasions just by placing the vertex of the notch of the plastic in the jaw and lift carefully.
Indeed it would be necessary to wash and disinfect next. It would not hurt an antibiotic cream in the area. We must keep the detail of whether the tick has been filled with blood or not and if possible, know how long it could have been attached.
We will discard again more bites. The areas that most often go unnoticed are the scalp, the genitals and some of the skin folds (armpits, behind the ears, under the breasts, in the English and between the toes).
It is more than advisable that we put this situation in the knowledge of our doctor, if:
* The tick has been able to spend more than one day on our skin, since it increases the risk of infection.
* We feel symptoms of discomfort (pain in muscles and joints, headache, exhaustion, chills ...) or signs such as fever, snoring (rash), redness (erythema), even in areas away from the bite, and several days after same.
* There are signs of infection in the wound (because of the infection caused by the bite or because we have left some rest in the wound).

On a preventive basis, two things:

- To avoid "stowaways" in our clothes and our sleeping bag, it is useful to spray periodically with commercial preparations of any permethrin (you must read the instructions well). Help arthropods. Mosquito nets also work, but you have to use them well.

-Call attention to the importance of vaccination. In this case it is anti-tetanus since tetanus is one of the possible infections through the bite. But all are important.
It is very important to be well vaccinated and as one does not usually talk about vaccination, there are people who forget or do not consider it necessary if they do not go abroad. This is a very common mistake.

I really liked that you used Medline.
Sometimes, unreliable articles that are deformed and end up being completely wrong are used as a bibliographic source.
In Medline, you can check reviews and also original articles and studies with rigor and without intermediaries.

A hug.
Greetings.

Thanks for the comment Francis. better than the post! :), I will incorporate some things into the article so that they are better said, the problem with these things is that if the post is very long in the end people do not reach the end and good information can be skipped.

Hello partners. I would like to comment that the areas where cattle graze, the presence of these animals is frequent and their bite is one of the worst, when a tick has fed on the cattle and then it is your turn, the transmitted infection is the most beast .
I already know three close cases in which after being bitten the kids were admitted with worrisome results, in the end all good, but fence experience.
By the way, the Marrubio plant, or manrrubio or as we call it by Almeria and Granada, the Maestranzo, has been used by shepherds since ancient times to put it in pens and natural shelters to repel fleas and ticks. They cut stems and rubbed them around the area where the cattle were staying overnight. The shepherd himself rubbed this plant by the legs to prevent it from climbing. In our mountains it is a super common plant and you find it from almost sea level to 2500m or something else. Scientific name, Marrubiun vulgare L.
I can not give you scientific data of this, it is popular wisdom, I do it and I have never uploaded any, CASUALITY ?. A hug to all.

Hi Quique! I am going to sign you as a collaborator of Enorda2, the truth is that I am looking for information about the Marrubio, and it is amazing what it does, also amazing that there are up to 50 repellent species (pg11) of traditional use as you comment and studies are not done to develop medicines natural.

Marrubio:

From the Labiadas family.

Infectious or intestinal fevers. Blood infections Typhus. Malaria. Maltese fever. Conditions of the respiratory system

In almost all countries, this plant has medicinal applications. It is mainly used against bile, dysentery and stomach pain, in addition to expel intestinal parasites Infusion of its branches is recommended as fasting water, for ulcers and sores some twigs are boiled in a liter of water and applied as a poultice, to prevent hair loss or keep it healthy, it is suggested to use boiled leaves. Manrubium is also used for fever, intestinal infections, diarrhea or as an antiseptic. In some other regions it is considered a good stomach tonic, it helps digestion and is useful against the flu, bronchitis, rheumatism, hemorrhoids or to regulate menstruation. On the other hand, the virtue of curing cough, asthma, inflammation in the throat and spots on the skin is well known.

Herbaceous from 30 to 80 cm. tall, with bitter-tasting leaves, with the stem covered with hairs, with opposite leaves of whitish appearance and rounded shape. Its tube-shaped flowers originate small fruits like nuts. It is from Europe and inhabits warm, semi-dry and temperate climates, grows wild and is associated with the deciduous rainforest, xerophilous scrub, and mesophilic mountain, oak and mixed pine forest.

Part Used
The leaves, the flowering tops.

Active principles
Diterpenic lactones (bitter principles): marrubiin (1%), other diterpenes (marrubiol, peregrinol, vulgarol), phenolic acids (marrubic), traces of essential oil, choline, tannins (2-3%), mineral salts (Fe, K ), saponosides, flavonoids: apinenin, vitexin, luteolin.

Pharmacological Action
The bitter principles give it aperitive, digestive and balsamic properties (expectorant), action on the bronchial tree to which the saponosides contribute, also confer a mild hypoglycemic action, antipyretic and choleretic (action reinforced by phenolic acids). Potassium salts are responsible for their diuretic action.

Indications
Inapetence, hypo-secretory dyspepsias, hepatobiliary dyskinesias.
Bronchitis, asthma, colds, flu.
States in which an increase in diuresis is required: genitourinary conditions (cystitis, ureteritis, urethritis, pyelonephritis, oliguria, urolithiasis), hyperazotemia, hyperuricemia, gout, arterial hypertension, edema, overweight accompanied by fluid retention.

Contraindications
Hypersecretory dyspepsias (sesquiterpenic lactones stimulate chloropeptic secretion).
Do not prescribe dosage forms with alcoholic content for oral administration to children under two years of age or to consultants in the process of alcohol depletion.

Side effects
It is a bitter-saline drug, so it may not be well tolerated in case of gastroenteritis or syndromes that occur with nausea or vomiting. When prescribed in herbal teas, we recommend associating it with organoleptic correctors, preferably bitter orange or mint bark.

there are some "goat legs" on the market for tick extraction, they sell it in veterinarians and I found them in decathlon in the horse or pet section, they are somewhat expensive in my opinion (about 5 euros) but you make sure not crush and catch the tick as close as possible to the head, on this website you can see them: http://educa-a-tu-perro.com/quitar-garrapatas-perro

Thanks Milio! I found it very interesting.

Hi Pedro, I posted this article on the face and I have been sent this post, http://descendedor.blogspot.com.es/2010_08_01_archive.html

look at the end is a gadget to get the ticks

Hi Nico! For the creation of a homemade extractor, it seems very good contribution.

What a post! Of those taking off his hat. And it can be a complicated matter, especially when it catches us away from a medical center. As an anecdote, I recommend multipurpose knives that include tweezers (although I keep the bottle trick!) And liquid soaps without water for later disinfection. Some are softer, so it may be better to look for those suitable for surgical use.

Salu2 and congratulations on the work of this website.

Thanks Jaime! It is a luck of this blog, to see how readers comment on me positively with information, in the case of this post I had help from people who were giving me interesting data. The merit is shared, and of course the spirits are always grateful to continue doing well, or at least, try 😉
Greetings.

Awesome information! Thank you very much, I dedicate myself to giving first aid courses and the truth is that the tick issue gave it a bit of passing so from now on we will give it the importance it deserves and of course with the most up-to-date information. Thanks to encorda2 for the collection and dissemination of it.
regards

As always, very good post.
The information never weighs and it is good to read something so well written and so naturally.
However, without trying to argue, if I wanted to contribute my grain of sand to de-dramatize a bit.
In the area where I grew up, with semi-free cattle, holm oaks, oaks and abundant low hills, the novelty of small was to go to play the mountain and not bite you. I have seen them take (and have been taken away) with all possible remedies and methods, some more successful, and others less surely. Impossible to count the times. However, not a problem of those described. When I grow up, I remember a fairly traumatic experience. One summer my car's exhaust pipe broke in the middle of a forest path. There was no mobile coverage, and I also doubted that the crane could get there. I spent all morning stuck under the car trying to hold the happy tube with a wire that gave me other hikers who passed by. I put it on, got in the car, walked a little, fell again and again I had to get underneath. In the afternoon, when I got home after that horrible day, while showering, I located in my arms, torso and back, not less than 50 ticks hooked. Most very small, the size of a large freckle, and a few slightly larger. Those were removed with artisanal methods (clamp and disgust on the part of my partner ..). The others were too many, so I slept on the couch (understandably I was banned to share a bed ...) and got up early the next day to go to the emergency room. There, with a little modesty I told what was happening to me, and finally I was consulted. I met a very friendly doctor who, with a clip in her hand, asked me where do you have it? When I told him about the case, he was horrified and told me, however, that I didn't worry, that if I wanted, I would take them off with the tweezers. I told him not to bother, that was why I was going home and I got to work (I don't know why but I thought there would be something like what they throw to dogs, that intravenously gets them all to die) . He did not dissuade me, nor did he give me any antibiotics. When I got home I got into the bathtub, and I was submerged for about an hour. I ate, and then in the afternoon I picked up the clamp, put on music and started to work. To my surprise, they all began to fall apart. The clamp was not necessary. In the bathroom they had died.
With all this I want to say that the percentage of disease transmission capacity of these disgusting bugs should not be very high given the number of occasions they have had the detail of nibbling at me a little, without having hit anything. I'm not saying it's not, I'm not tempting my luck either. Surely the possibilities will exist, but this is like everything. If people read studies on the amount of bacteria that are transmitted with a kiss, those in the handrail of a subway staircase, in the dog that comes and greets you ... we would become human-bubbles, which ironically, I would only become more vulnerable.
In conclusion (go sheet ...) great for the information of extraction methods. Great dress recommendations (I would add the recommendation of long sleeves on the arms (even finer gardener gloves) whenever you travel through those "hot" areas, especially in summer (in autumn and spring is usually more common). that are not a consequence of lack of hygiene. Great sincerity to tell about the seven bites (with these bugs there is a taboo that I have never quite understood.) But nobody is alarmed too much.
They are neither so powerful, nor are we so weak (of course not less than a dog, a cat, the swallows and all the bugs that live with them). Peace of mind, make use of the techniques described here to remove it, and as it is said in the post, if it is the case that afterwards any discomfort is noticed, to the doctor.
I hope that in the middle of so much straw (sorry I can never synthesize ..) I understand the intention of my message.
Thank you very much for the info. I am always watching your post.
a greeting

I think what you say is very interesting, I live stressed because of these bugs, just set foot on the mountain comes to me, You have left me much calmer. Many thanks
B: Esther

Very good article and comments, congratulations!
Raúl: Unfortunately, two of my family members are allergic to insect bites, among others. We had to run to the emergency room being a monster impossible to describe because of some simple mosquito bites, or having an arm paralyzed by an ant, etc. We had to endure some doctors (not all, but I remember one who came to insult me) who claim you as if you were the worst mother in the world!
The most curious episode happened to me with 1 tick that my daughter brought back from kindergarten, with our background ... we went quickly to the doctor who asked the rigorous questions, listened to my negatives, injected an antistamine and antibiotic.
To my surprise he extracted it very easily, he sprayed it with alcohol and the tick was paralyzed, he took it out with the clamp as if nothing, he handed it to me in a vial to analyze it, not all of them transmit the same bacteria, which would return with the results. Before retiring he asked me to notice if they put a sandbox in the kindergarten.
I left thinking that I would know if there was one, but, I was wrong. It had been in the backyard for 3 days. Rpta. From the Director: They have such a good time, play, have fun and give us a break….
In short, with my little bottle in my hand after fighting 4 months with the school authorities we decided to change it. Not only because of the ticks, the lice in the sandbox were partying!
My daughter was not so lucky, the subsequent treatment lasted almost 6 months.
I learned from other moms who got it covered at night to avoid the permanence of cats and rodents, first with a mosquito net, then a plastic canvas and the great solution: they covered the patio!
Sandboxes in kindergartens were in fashion for the next decade, today they are banned.
In recent times the rise of neighborhoods with artificial lagoons has contributed to the proliferation of mosquitoes on such a scale that there is no toad to endure.
It seems to me that "the cities", as an entity with its own fauna, should have a more intense health plan.
Thank God, today there is internet and articles like this help.

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