Rats are omnivorous Like us, they eat both meat and vegetables. In nature they eat any type of food. This varied diet is one of the reasons why the rat is so successful in almost any environment.
However, since they have a barrier between the esophagus and the stomach, they cannot vomit (like humans) after eating something toxic. Instead, the sent> toxic substances When they encounter something new, they eat only a small amount until they make sure it is not poisonous. If they do not experience pleasant results, they quickly learn to identify and avoid it in the future. Keep this in mind when introducing new foods. The fact that they do not get crammed immediately does not mean that they will not do so at a later time. They are only testing for the first time.
Most people buy any food they can find at a pet store. While most rat food is quite nutritious, it does not contain everything necessary to provide a cereal grain They are processed, leaving fewer vitamins and minerals, and many products contain preservatives and dyes to make them more attractive to buyers, thinking it is more varied.
Some foods will be key to prevent diseases or help your recovery. For rats that have a family history of strokes, incorporating elements such as celery, parsley and plums (in moderate amounts) into the diet can reduce the incidence of this disease. Female rats can be fed oranges or orange juice, but these foods are not recommended for male rats, which can develop kidney damage due to orange peel oil in the presence of a specific kidney protein. When it comes to helping your rat recover from a viral disease, or to increase resistance to viral infection, try incorporating fruits such as cranberry, strawberries, banana, raspberries or some green tea into your diet.
A pinch of breakfast cereal flakes enriched with vitamins (without added sugars) is a source of antioxidants that help reduce cell damage and improve resistance to infection.
Limit the amount of the following foods: corn (so common ingredient present in commercial diets), eggplant, lettuce, radish, spinach, chard and turnip greens, beets and celery. And, of course, non-carbonated drinks and treats. Rats may like these foods very much, but that does not mean you should offer them.
As well as the junk food causes obesity and health problems in humans, in rats it is also harmful. Try the yogurt prizes widely available at pet stores. These are much healthier than candies.
Another cons>Water of your rat Tap water is chlorinated and fluoridated for human consumption. This is not good for the rat. Also, if you live in an old house, water may be traveling through old lead pipes, a mineral that can seep into the water with toxic effects. Let the water run cold for a minute or two before filling your water bottle. This will allow any contaminant in the tubes to be dragged and washed before offering the water. You can also set aside the water 24 hours before offering it, to let the substances they carry evaporate to protect it, such as chlorine. You will avoid that the products that leads to minimum levels of toxicity in humans, do not have a long-term impact on the health of your pet. Thorough cleaning of the water bottle every couple of days will also help reduce mold and bacteria buildup.
FOODS YOU SHOULD NOT OFFER TO A RAT
-Green bananas. They inhibit the digestive enzymes of starch.
- Raw beans. If you are going to offer beans, they are well cooked.
-Blue cheese. The mold in blue cheeses is toxic to rats.
-Caffeine. Keep caffeinated drinks like soda out of your rat's reach.
-Citrus Clean the citrus fruits after peeling to remove the remaining oil.
-Green potatoes. Plants in the Solanaceae family have healthy fruits, but the leaves and stems are toxic. Potatoes are safe unless they appear green near the skin, they contain a toxin called solanine.
-Products in poor condition, and other foods not visibly spoiled but old, contain toxins and may have bacteria and mold spores, causing digestive discomfort and possibly death.
Feeding of domestic rats
Than rats are omnivorous animals by nature It makes things a lot easier. They will not be able to eat anything, such as, for example, do not believe that because it is a rat it must eat remains or garbage! If you do that you could get diseases that you do not want in the domestic environment.
But by eating everything, it will be very easy for you to plan a very varied diet for your rat. However, you have to be careful: Rats have a membrane in their esophagus that prevents them from vomiting. Keep this in mind if you are going to introduce new ingredients into your diet, do not force it and try it slowly until you stop rejecting them. If something feels bad, not being able to expel it by vomiting, it could get very bad!
Ideally, eat a few times a day, although it is true that they are more active at night. You can give feed and seeds in the morning and fresh produce at night, always attending to the quantities. But you must always have food on the plate! Rats have a very short metabolism And they eat every little time.
Tips for feeding rats
The feeding of the rats must be varied and complete, but moderate, since they eat practically everything whatever they put in front and tend to obesity.
Avoid too energetic or fatty foods, such as sweets, fried or processed food. Nor should they eat citrus or food that produces gas. Don't give him bad food either! If you have mold or bacteria, you could even die intoxicated.
It is very likely that you Rat shop to hide and accumulate part of the food you give it. Be careful not to do it or it will rot!
In addition to food, remember to always have fresh, clean water at your disposal.
What should a domestic rat eat?
So ... how to prepare the feeding of pet rats so that their diet is complete and balanced? Have all this on hand !:
- Cereals, nuts and other seeds: rice, birdseed, corn, sunflower or pumpkin seeds, unsalted almonds ...
- Fruits and vegetables: Apple, pear, cherries, grapes, banana, cooked potatoes, carrots, broccoli, peas ... Fruits, always peeled and boneless / pips.
- Protein: cooked beef or chicken, casserole, feed, insects, worms ... If your rat is pregnant, it will need protein every day. They can also be vegetable proteins, such as those of soybeans.
- Yogurt, bread
If you are more comfortable, you can substitute seeds and cereals for feed prepared for rodentsThey are specially designed for them and have all the nutrients they need. This feed or seeds should be between 50 and 80% of your daily intake, the rest being fruits, vegetables and other supplements.
They can be given treats, but without abusing. To do this, you can resort to prizes for rodents, dog biscuits or products from your fridge: remains of a yogurt, cheese, a cookie ...
Remember that the key is in balance and not abuse anything in particular. A rat that eats everything, is happy and will be healthy. You know how the rats feed! What is quite simple?
If you have two weeks you need breast milk, cow's milk is not good for rodents, you will die sooner or later.
I would tell you to try milk for cats and dogs, if you can get a little milk powder for puppies, it would be perfect (or even milk for human powdered babies).
Since you eat something, run to the supermarket (or pharmacy) and buy porridge of 5 cereals without honey, prepare it with the milk of puppies already prepared, tempered, not very liquid and give it to eat, you will like it safe.
And already eating alone, in theory with this I could already get by. As you grow a little more, you can add another type of solid food. Also try defrosted and peeled peas, which are soft and like, and are energetic.
But you still need milk, without it you will not survive. Try to prepare at least the cereal porridge with the milk, to see if he eats.
The more time you spend without eating, the less chance you will have.
Also see that she defecates and urinates herself, if you don't have to pass a small piece of damp cloth through the culete to stimulate it.
Originally, the mice are herbivores (they eat grass or plants). But there are some species that have to>
Usually, in rural areas they eat stems, leaves, grains, fruit or roots. There are also those who can eat small crickets, beetles or butterflies.
In cities they feed on virtually anything, like waste and leftovers from men's food. There are even cases that can eat carrion, and in times of extreme need and famine, they can even become cannibals.
They are animals with a high sense of survival, and they do not hesitate to eat their similar already deceased or who are weak. There have been cases of some mice that have come to eat their own tail in extreme cases.
What do pet mice eat?
To the house mice, what are used as pets, they can be fed in two ways. With specific feed for mice that you can buy in pet stores. Or we can also give you food like fresh fruits, vegetables, seeds and small pieces of cheese. A varied diet helps keep your mouse healthy.
It is very important to control the amount of protein that we feed our rodent mascot. They can only ingest 12% protein from their entire diet. Therefore, we cannot offer our mice food for dogs or cats as the main food.
So you can choose and vary your diet, we will see in detail all the options you have:
I think for pet mice
The elaborated food for mice that you can find in any pet Shop They contain a certain amount of protein, such as soybeans and beans. And also cereals, such as millet and barley, which are also rich in fiber.
It is very advisable combine the mouse feed with some vegetables and fruits fresh. The ones that are crispy are the favorite ones of the little mice.
Vegetables, seeds and fruits
Usually, mice eat almost all vegetables, but they love the crunchiest. Vegetables like him celery, carrot and broccoli They have a perfect balance of minerals, carboh>
Feeding them vegetables and fruits with a certain hardness (crispy) also serves to wear their teeth. Mice must gnaw things every day, since otherwise their teeth would not stop growing, causing serious problems.
Other food for domestic mice
There are other foods that can be fed without any problem. Among them we find cheese, hard boiled eggs, cooked pasta or hard bread. But yes, in moderation.
As you can imagine, they like this type of food much more than I think. That is why you should not accustom your pet to eating this type of food regularly, since then he will not want to eat his mouse feed.
You should pay special attention to that your pet always have fresh water available and clean. Water is essential for your little rodent.
Naturally, you should change the water daily. If it becomes dirty or it is a very hot time of the year, it is advisable to change it more than once a day.
Recommended amount of food for mice
For your guidance calculation, a domestic mouse as a pet should drink 15ml of water and eat about 10 grams of food per 100 grams of body weight.
If you still do not know the weight of your pet, the largest usually eat up to 8 grams a day, and species that are smaller eat at least about 4 grams.
Anyway, we advise that check with your veterinarian for him to tell you exactly the right amount of food in the specific case of your mouse. It will also inform you if it is necessary to distribute the daily meal in two doses (usually one in the morning and another one will be at night).
Foods to avoid
There are certain some foods that you should not give mice. Some may be toxic, such as peanuts, citrus, chocolate, garlic or onion. There are also those that can trigger a allergic reaction, like raw meat.
Remember that you should not overdo it with your rodent's daily protein intake.
What do wild or wild mice eat?
There are different species of mice that live in the wild in the wild. Some mice are herbivores and others omnivorous, depending on the weather and the location where they are located. Most of these mammalian rodents have a wide variety of foods available in their habitat.
Wild mice must adapt to their environment and feed on the possibilities offered by their habitat.
They feed basically on the existing vegetation. As a general rule they are seeds, local fruits and plants.
In the absence of fresh plants or fruit, for example in winter, herbivorous mice eat roots, corn, tree barks, oats, corn and even some tuber.
Typically, they eat, like herbivores, the vegetation available in their natural habitat, as well as fruits and seeds. They also feed on Mushrooms or edible mushrooms and buds of some flowers.
Omnivorous mice also eat small insects, such as centipedes, crickets, small snails and worms.
City or urban mice
The city mice They can live in the low corners of buildings, parks, in house recesses, sewers, vehicles ... And ultimately in any place they can find insurance in a city.
In urban environments, rodents feed on everything they can find. They have had to adapt to the environment.
Urban mice search through waste or garbage to get the food they need. Which does not mean that if they find plant foods or insects in parks, they also eat them.
What do young mice eat
The young of the mice wild or wild feed thanks to the breastmilk. When babies are older, they start with foods such as cereals, fruit or corn that their mothers bring to the nest.
However, until the mouse pups do not reach a minimum development, they complement the herbivorous feeding with the breast milk.
Characteristics of the mice
More than a third of the mammals that exist in the world are rodents. Rodents are, for example, squirrels, marmots, beavers, hamsters, lilies, guinea pigs, porcupines, chinchillas, hares and rabbits. And they are also rodents, naturally, mice.
All these animals have several common characteristics: they run fast, they know how to climb very well, they are excellent swimmers, they have the ability to dig the earth and build ingenious nests, and they are very elusive and prudent, even when they live, like house mice, in the environment of man.
But the most typical characteristic of rodents are his teeth. They have no canines, but their incisors, that is, the teeth in front, grow continuously. Rodents, on the other hand, are named for their habit of gnawing everything they find, even the toughest things, thus wear their teeth. Growth and wear are compensated, and the length of your incisors remains the same.
It is difficult to give an exact idea of what a mouse really is. There are nice images, such as the famous Mickey from Walt Disney, ratatouille, or the cheerful white mice that children play with. But there are also the big rats, who live in sewers and garbage. They are disgusting and dangerous rodents, capable of killing domestic animals and transmitting diseases to man. You might like to know what it means to dream about rats.
The mice that frequently inhabit the field, fortunately, are rather small and not harmful. The most typical is the field mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus), which lives in barns, wineries, orchards and fields. Next to the house mouse, the field mouse tests the patience of the farmer.
With his sharp teeth he digs galleries on the walls and holes doors, sacks, boxes and bags. The mouse comisquea of everything: flour, meat, grain, potatoes, grain, bread, fruit, cheese, etc. He likes oil, milk, preserves and sweets, and if that were not enough, he steals the food to keep them in his burrow, waiting to eat them with greater tranquility.
But for everything there is a remedy, even for mice. Here, then, why in the country houses or on the farms around the world a cat is never missing.
Audio of what mice eat
In the following audio or postcast that we offer you you can know more information about rodent feeding:
If you still want to know more interesting facts, you can follow the following link where you can watch an interesting report or television documentary about what mice eat.
We remind you that this post is merely informative. In Curio Sfera .com We do not have the capacity to perform diagnoses or to prescribe veterinary treatments. We always recommend that you first go to a trusted veterinarian with your pet.
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