All those people who have decided to welcome a dog as a pet know that they have acquired a great responsibility and that our furry friends need sufficient attention and care to avoid any organic or behavioral problems.
However, there are factors that may be more difficult to control because they pose a threat to our dog but they are also in the external environment, sharing environment with our pet.
This is the case of toxic plants for dogs, plants that sometimes we can find regularly in our environment but that pose a serious threat to our friend, discover in this article of Animal Expert what they are.
Signs of poisoning
In addition to plants, our dog can have contact with numerous toxic substances, so It is essential to know how to recognize the most typical signs of intoxication, to be able to go urgently to the veterinarian, which will undoubtedly improve the prognosis of our pet.
If our dog has suffered intoxication we can observe in him the following manifestations:
- Signs of severe pain
- Oral bleeding
- Respiratory distress
While it is true that there are more dangerous species than others, most plants are toxic to our pets. Or, at least, they are not the most appropriate food for them, even if you see them eating grass.
In addition to irritations on the skin and mucous membranes, their ingestion can produce abdominal pain and digestive disorders in most cases and, in some cases, it can even end the life of our companion animal. Therefore, we must be careful. That is not the same as avoiding having plants at home.
What to do before ingestion of a poisonous plant?
Before any of the symptoms detailed above it will be essential that you read as soon as possible how to treat a poisoned dog as well as make my dog vomit as first aid.
The best option will undoubtedly be to go to the vet and to facilitate veterinary care We recommend that you follow these steps:
How to prevent me from eating plants?
The veterinarian Herminia GarcÃa, of the Los Pinos Veterinary Clinic, in HÃ © rcal de Almeria, remembers that the best way to to avoid an annoyance is to prevent, but not with the avoidance, but with the education. "We cannot make all the plants of the planet disappear. Therefore, getting rid of them because we fear that our pet can ingest them is not the best option. What we must do is educate our pet well."
The expert points out that the most common problems suffered by our companion animals are the boredom and separation anxiety. "When we leave them alone at home or when they live in very small spaces and get bored, also when they have stress for a change of home, or for another cause, they tend to modernize everything. It is a distraction mechanism or a way to calm his nerves and that is where we must act, "he says. How? Using, for example, interactive toys that keep them distracted. "We must start with something simple, like our pet can take a cookie from a toy. Little by little, we will increase the level of difficulty," he explains.
We can also resort to medications that have no side effects. These give off pheromones similar to those segregated by the mother and that calms the puppies. "They have shown very good results to calm animals suffering anxiety."
In the last resort, if our companion animal eats plants from inside and outside, we must resort to a muzzle to avoid ingestion.В
On the other hand, we must also remember that, in times of heat, the plants are more appetizing to our pets, because the chewing on these refreshes them. In this sense. To prevent this from happening, you must always have fresh water so that you can hydrate well. "Sometimes it may even be convenient to use indoor 'fountains' for dogs and cats that keep the water always fresh. They are small devices that our animal would appreciate, since you would like to drink that water if it is heated by ambient heat, "suggests the veterinary specialist.
Prevent the ingestion of toxic plants
Now that you know the diversity of plants that are toxic to your pet, it is important that identify them in your environment and eliminate them the same whenever possible, in the same way you should observe your pet when you are away from home to ensure that you do not ingest any of these plants.
If your dog is lucky enough to be able to walk freely in natural environments, then you should take extreme precautions, since many of these plants can easily be found in the wild.
If you want to read more articles similar to Toxic plants for dogs, we recommend that you enter our Extra Care section.
What to do if a plant has been eaten?
In the event that we suspect (or know) that our pet has ingested a plant, we must to act quickly. First, call and go to the veterinarian so you can treat the animal as quickly.
"We must not wait for symptoms to manifest because time is of the utmost importance for the prognosis. If we delay, we may not be in time to save the animal," he warns.
It is also good to know what type of plant it is. If we do not know the name, we can take a picture of the plant so that the veterinarian can identify it. "There are some, such as oleander or marijuana, that have an antidote," he recalls.
What plants are the most dangerous?
As we said, most, to a greater or lesser extent, can be harmful to our companion animal. Some, like aloe vera, will only cause digestive discomfort.
Others, after a minimum ingestion, can cause death. The most dangerous are the amaryllis bulbs, the yew, the cyclamen, the bell, the hyacinth, the daffodil. Then we explain the symptoms of some of them.
Very common at Christmas and very dangerous if you have a pet at home. Both cats and dogs are highly susceptible to the latex that circulates inside this plant. It causes skin irritations, itching, edema, blistering or vesicles. In the eyes, eye disorders and could even cause your animal to lose the eyeball. Ingestion will cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting and salivation.
Very typical in our homes and very dangerous for our furry friends. It causes gastrointestinal problems, respiratory distress and, if left untreated, seriously endangers the life of the pet.
Very typical in our homes and very dangerous for our furry friends. It causes gastrointestinal problems, respiratory distress and, if left untreated, seriously endangers the life of the pet.
- Nervous system
Some plants toxic to dogs can cause seizures to pets, paralysis and even coma.
They can affect the kidneys of the pet. It begins to make smaller cant> oliguria) and hinders the work of the organ to such an extent that it can lose it.
Symptoms of poisoning by plants toxic to dogs
The fact that you have not seen your dog ingest, bite or lick a plant does not mean that it has not happened. Therefore, we have to be very attentive to any symptoms. There are many harmful toxins for our friends, as many as types of plants. The main symptoms of toxic plant poisoning are:
- problems respiratory that can reach drowning
- problems digestive (diarrhea, vomiting) being able to reach intestinal bleeding
- problems cardiac, being able to reach the heart attack
- problems of nervous system (seizures, paralysis, disorientation and even coma)
- problems kidney, being able to reach the loss of some organ or even death
- inflammation skin or skin rash and mucosa
What to do if my dog is intoxicated with toxic plants for dogs?
You must understand that this situation can be very serious, so you should go to your usual veterinarian as soon as possible or to the one you have closest to avoid major problems.
It collects the symptoms that the pet has in order to explain to the veterinarian in detail what has happened to him. And, if possible, tell him what type of plant he has eaten or take him a sample.
Do not make him vomit, since sometimes, some plants can be corrosive and damage the digestive tract causing more damage to the pet.
You should not self-medicate, give him water or medications. Don't waste your time on it, you can seriously harm him. Better go to the specialist as soon as possible and he will tell you what to do.
What to do if my dog is poisoned with a plant?
When in doubt, it is better to go to a emergency veterinarian or contact the National Institute of Toxicology. Trying to keep calm, you have to explain the dog's symptoms and what you suspect he has been able to ingest. In case of poisoning and poisoning, time is a key aspect. Sometimes you have to help the dog to vomit to evacuate toxins from his body as soon as possible. In other cases it is the opposite, the toxic components can be corrosive and would further damage the dog's esophagus in regurgitation. We must never improvise canine emergency specialists and You always have to ask a health professional for advice. Perhaps you do not know the exact name of the plant that your dog has ingested, or you can confuse it with another. It is better to cut a small piece and take it with us to show it to the vet.
In such cases, it remains It is totally forbidden to give the dog medication Neither water nor food. We have to monitor the behavior of our dog and in the face of the slightest doubt, ask for help.
What plants are toxic to dogs?
Something that is so beneficial for humans is not so much for animals. The yellow sap of this plant is quite toxic to dogs. It is found just under the skin of the plant and causes irritation of the skin and mucosa, digestive problems and nervous system.
Symptoms: skin and mucous rashes, salivation, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, weak pulse, conjunctivitis if it touches the animal's eyes.
10 toxic plants for dogs that we frequently find at home and in the garden
Flower laurel plantations are as beautiful as they are dangerous. All parts of this plant are toxic and can cause digestive, cardiac, nervous but also respiratory problems.
The gel of this plant cures more than a nuisance in humans. But it is better to keep it out of reach of dogs. In case of ingesting large amounts, they may have digestive or nervous system problems.
It is said that kissing under a cluster of mistletoe brings good luck. But the berries and leaves of this plant contain substances that can cause vomiting, diarrhea and seizures and even coma in dogs.
Another star of the end of the year parties, poinsettia is as striking as it is harmful to dogs. Its leaves can cause digestive problems.
Lily of the valley
The small bells and the sweet smell of this plant can retain the attention of a playful puppy. In some countries this plant is given on May 1 to give good luck. However, it should not be left within reach of a dog since the toxins it contains can cause serious heart problems.
Lily of peace
We find this plant as an ornament in many houses but the lily of peace can cause digestive problems and irritations in the mucous membranes of dogs (mouth, throat ...).
Another classic house tenant, the Philodendron (sold even in Ikea) turns out to be very toxic to dogs. If they get it, they can suffer mucosal lesions (bleeding gums, excessive salivation) but also digestive problems (diarrhea, vomiting), respiratory problems (asphyxiation) and nervous (tremors). Of course, it is advisable not to let this plant into a house with a dog.
Another ornamental plant very common in homes, its toxicity and the symptoms it causes in case of intoxication are very similar to those of Philodendron.
Rhododendron and Azalea
Because very decorative, rhododendrons and azaleas are usually quite present in our gardens. But they are another undercover enemy since their leaves and flowers are toxic to dogs. The effects that can trigger these toxic plants in dogs are very impressive: paralysis, tremors or serious heart problems.
This plant is often used to form separating fences between two chalets. It can cause dehydration problems in dogs, in the digestive system and even in the nervous system.
exist more than 700 plants toxic to dogs And obviously this list is not exhaustive. We have decided to group here ten of the most present plants in our homes or gardens. If you know other toxic plants for dogs, do not hesitate to leave a comment below this article!
And now that you have verified that both the garden, the balcony and the house are "dog-proof," you can take a look at these toxic products for dogs.
- Anthurium or flamingo flower
This plant is entirely toxic: leaves, stem and flower. And it directly affects the digestive tract of the dog, irritating the mucous membranes, causing salivation, itching, skin swelling, paralysis and vomiting.
It is a flower that we find in many parks and homes, although it is not common for the pet to get intoxicated with this plant.
It is highly irritating in the mouth and digestive system, causing diarrhea and vomiting. In very severe cases, poisoning can lead to arrhythmias, seizures, ataxias and even the animal's coma or death.
The most toxic part of the azalea are the leaves and the nectar of the flower.
- Araceae family
They are really curious tropical plants for both dogs and humans. Their colors are very striking and invite you to browse. They sell them even in shopping centers, so you can find them anywhere. And the whole plant is toxic.
They have pointed crystals of calcium oxalate inside cells called idioblasts. When the dog eats the plant, it breaks the idioblasts and the crystals are stuck in the mucosa of the animal. This causes the inside of the mouth to become irritated and inflamed and cause ulcers.
This plant is everywhere and as much as you want to avoid it, you will not be able to. If you have a garden and these plants invade you, you will have to be very careful with your dog, because they are toxic.
It causes irritation of the mucous membranes and even inflammation of the respiratory tract, so it can lead to breathing difficulties.
- Zantedeschia aethiopica or Cala
Very similar to the previous one and its toxic consequences are similar, except that it can cause facial swelling and tongue paralysis due to its toxicity.
Surely there are many more plants toxic to dogs, but here we have detailed the most common and that you can find easily. If you know more toxic plants for dogs, leave us in comments what they are and their symptoms. That way we will all know its consequences better and we can better protect our pets.
What to do if my pet seems intoxicated?
The symptoms of a poisoning They are not always obvious, as poisoning can manifest itself as appropriate through digestive, nervous or hematological signs.
It is important to remember the plants that we have at home, since in case of an accident it is essential to determine the cause of the poisoning in order to administer the appropriate antidote. But this is not always so easy:
- Proper identification. Many times, before a intoxicated pet, the owners are faced with the arduous task of having to identify the plants involved and know how to explain it to the veterinarian accurately.
- The dose. We rarely know the total amount ingested or absorbed, so it is very difficult to establish any prognosis.
Most cases of poisoning They are not correctly diagnosed. Despite this, the clinical evolution of the animal is usually favorable, since the symptoms are easy to control with routine treatments.
What plants are dangerous?
The variety of plants that can be toxic for pets is huge and the identification of all of them is complicated.
In cats they are described intoxications with those so-called milky plants, since the white, milky-looking sap that is inside the stem contains saponin, a very irritating substance that can cause serious disorders when ingested.
There are countless plants that can harm our faithful friend. In this section, we have made a selection of those that we believe can be easily found in our environment:
Holly. Agrifolio Cardon Xardón (Ilex aquifolium): Both the leaves and the fruits and seeds of holly are poisonous. The symptoms after ingesting a minimum dose of fruits (two would be sufficient) are: gastrointestinal disorders with severe diarrhea and vomiting, abdominal pain, drowsiness and malaise. A higher dose, and always depending on the size of the animal and the amount ingested, could lead to dehydration as a result of fluid loss, shock and death of the victim.
Oleander. Laurel rose Loendro (Nerium oleander): All parts of oleander are highly toxic. The symptoms after ingesting oleander, always depending on the dose and size of the animal, are: gastrointestinal disorders with vomiting, diarrhea, irritation and abdominal pain, drowsiness with depression of the central nervous system, fever, cardiac disorders with tachycardia or increased contractions of the heart and arrhythmias, dyspnea or respiratory distress, weakness, coma and death due to cardiac arrest.
Amaryllis. Knight Star (Amaryllis belladonna): Like most bulbous plants, amaryllis bulbs are highly toxic. The symptoms after ingestion of bulbs of amarilis are: gastrointestinal disorders with vomiting, severe diarrhea, abdominal pain and general malaise, lack of coordination, cardiac disorders and in extreme cases and due to an overdose, death of the affected.
Caladium Angel wings (Caladium hortulanum): There are several species that belong to the genus Caladium, all of them and all their parts are toxic. Symptoms after ingestion of caladium are: burning mouth, heavy salivation, severe pain, irritation, edema or swelling of the tongue, neck, esophagus, stomach and intestines, gastrointestinal disorders with vomiting, severe diarrhea and abdominal pain, and dyspnea or difficulty breathe.
Cyclamen. Panporcino (Cyclamen): Among its main active contents is a substance called cyclamine (higher concentration in the root), a violent purgative of great toxicity to animals. Symptoms after ingestion of cyclamen are: gastrointestinal disorders with vomiting, severe diarrhea, malaise and abdominal pain, seizures, renal failure and paralysis.
Clivia miniata (Clivia miniata): All parts of Clivia Minata are toxic due to the presence of calcium oxalate. The symptoms after ingestion of this plant are: vomiting, diarrhea and irritation of those parts to which the ingested portions reach.
Adam's rib. Skeletons (Delicious monstera): Except the fruits, the rest of the plant is toxic (among its active ingredients is calcium oxalate). The symptoms after ingestion of the commonly called Adam's rib are: gastrointestinal disturbances with possible vomiting, irritation and inflammation of the mouth, neck, esophagus, etc.
Croton (Codiaeum variegatum): The croton belongs to the euphorbiaceae family, plants that contain a toxic latex that circulates inside. Direct contact with the plant's latex can cause dermatitis with irritation, redness and possible appearance of vesicles or blisters. Symptoms after ingestion of croton are: burning mouth, excessive salivation, difficulty swallowing, inflammation of the tongue, esophagus and stomach, gastrointestinal disorders with severe diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain, mydriasis or dilation of the pupils, seizures, kidney disorders and liver and, in extreme cases and due to an overdose, death of the victim.
Diphtheria (Dieffenbachia): All parts of the plant are toxic (the white latex that circulates inside is harmful and irritating), especially the leaves and the stem. Direct contact with the plant can cause dermatitis with irritation, redness, inflammation and sometimes the appearance of vesicles or blisters. Symptoms after ingestion of Dieffenbachia they are immediate and for this reason, the most frequent thing is that the animal stops ingesting it. However, the symptoms you may suffer are: burning, inflammation, severe pain, excessive salivation, difficulty swallowing, edema or swelling of the neck, esophagus, stomach and intestines, vomiting, breathlessness or shortness of breath and, in exceptional cases , depending on the amount ingested and the weight of the animal, death of the victim by asphyxiation.
Espatifillo Lily of peace (Spathiphyllum): Like any of the toxic plants with immediate irritating effects, such as the aforementioned Diphenbaquia, the most normal thing is that the animal stops ingesting the plant when noticing the symptoms.
Philodendron (Philodendron): There are several species that belong to the genus Philodendron, being all and in all its parts, toxic. The symptoms after chewing the philodendron are immediate: burning mouth, acute pain, excessive salivation and edema or swelling of the tongue and pharynx with difficulty breathing. If its ingestion occurs, the symptoms can be aggravated with edema of the esophagus, stomach and intestines, vomiting, asphyxiation and in extreme cases, death of the affected. After ingestion of the philodendron, cats present a clinical picture quite worrying with kidney disorders, aggressiveness, seizures and sometimes encephalitis or inflammation of the brain with muscle weakness and paralysis.
Poinsettia. Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima): All parts of the plant are toxic, especially the latex that circulates inside. Direct contact with the plant's latex can cause dermatitis with irritation, itching or itching, edema and even the appearance of vesicles or blisters. The symptoms after ingestion are: gastrointestinal disorders with vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, irritation of the mucous membranes and abundant salivation. Direct contact of the plant's latex with the victim's eyes can cause more or less serious eye disorders depending on the dose.
Ivy. Ivy (Hedera helix): All parts of the plant are slightly toxic except for the fruits, which are extremely toxic. Direct contact with the ivy, due to the hairs that cover the plant and the juice that is inside it, can cause: dermatitis with irritations, rashes and even blisters and ulcers. Symptoms after ingestion of ivy are: gastrointestinal disorders with vomiting, diarrhea and malaise, fever, muscle spasms, excitability, bradycardia or decreased heart rate and, depending on the dose ingested and the size of the animal, coma. In extreme cases, death can be caused by suffocation with respiratory arrest.
Hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla): Both the leaves and hydrangea flowers are harmful and dangerous. The symptoms after ingestion of the leaves or flowers are: gastrointestinal disorders with diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain, malaise and lack of coordination.
Ipomea. Morning glory Bell (Ipomoea. Convolulus arvensis): There are several species that belong to this genus and in most of them the seeds and roots with highly toxic, the rest of the plant is purgative. The symptoms of ingesting Ipomea cause a hallucinogenic action accompanied by general malaise, gastrointestinal disorders with severe irritations of the digestive tract, violent diarrhea and abdominal pain.
Hyacinth. Jonquil (Hyacinthus orientalis): The toxic part of the plant is the bulb and the symptoms after ingestion are: gastrointestinal irritation, vomiting, diarrhea and sometimes even death.
Lily. Smelly Lily (Iris. Iris Foetidissima): The symptoms after ingestion of iris are: gastrointestinal disorders with vomiting, abundant diarrhea, abdominal pain, irritation and malaise, along with hypertension or increased blood pressure.
Marijuana (Cannabis sativa): The symptoms after the ingestion of marijuana are: depression of the central nervous system and incoordination, as well as vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, increased heart rate, and even seizures and coma.
Mistletoe. Visco Tub. Lyria (Viscum album): Mistletoe fruits are relatively toxic, it is necessary to take very high doses to cause important disorders. Symptoms after ingestion of mistletoe fruits are: gastrointestinal disorders with vomiting, diarrhea, irritation and abdominal pain, along with mydriasis or dilation of the pupils, abundant salivation and excessive thirst. The most worrisome symptoms are cardiocirculatory or neurological with asphyxiation, respiratory distress, tachycardia or increased heart rate, lack of coordination, seizures, paralysis, coma and, in extreme cases due to overdose, death from cardiac arrest.
Daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissus): There are several species of daffodils and all of them are toxic in all their parts (especially the bulbs). Direct contact with the juice of the plant could cause dermatitis and irritation. The symptoms after ingestion of the plant are: gastrointestinal disorders with violent vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and inflammation, excessive salivation, convulsions, cardiac disorders and in extreme cases, death of the affected.
Potos Scindapso (Epipremnum aureum / Rhaphidophora): Only chewing can cause various irritations, both on the palate, tongue, etc., and in all those areas where it comes into contact. The symptoms after ingestion of the plant are: serious disorders of the digestive system, producing strong and frequent vomiting.
Castor Catapucia Devil's Fig Tree (Ricinus communis): The main active and harmful components of the plant are found in the seeds (ricin). Ricin is a highly toxic protein for both animals and humans, it is one of the main most dangerous known poisons. Symptoms after ingestion of castor are: gastrointestinal disorders with vomiting, severe bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain, lack of coordination, abundant salivation, drowsiness, seizures, bleeding, kidney failure, coma and in extreme cases, death.
Rhododendron. Azalea (Rhododendron Ferrugineum): The flowers and leaves of Rhododendron the two most toxic parts of the plant. After ingestion of small doses, the animal may suffer from lack of coordination with hallucinogenic effects. The symptoms after the abundant ingestion of rhododenro are: burning mouth with excessive salivation and difficulty swallowing, alterations of the central nervous system with lack of coordination, decay and muscle weakness, gastrointestinal disorders with vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain, cardiac disorders with dyspnea or shortness of breath, hypotension and bradycardia or decreased heart rate, seizures, coma and death from asphyxiation or respiratory arrest.
Yew. Texo Sabine (Baccata Taxus): The whole plant, except the reddish ring that wraps the seeds, is highly toxic. If a human being, horse or dog ingests said plant, it is likely that it will die within a few hours if the appropriate measures are not taken. The symptoms after ingestion are immediate: aggressive behavior of the affected person followed by absolute drowsiness, gastrointestinal disorders with abdominal pain, irritation, vomiting and diarrhea, mydriasis or dilation of the pupils, lack of coordination, breathlessness or difficulty breathing, renal inflammation and liver, bradycardia or decreased heart rate, muscle weakness, paralysis, tremor, seizures, coma and death due to cardiocirculatory arrest.
Tulip (Tulip): The tulip bulb is highly toxic, the symptoms after ingestion are: gastrointestinal irritation, vomiting and diarrhea.
Latest Comments on this article (36)
By floralesvogue on 02/12/2017 at 01: 50h
Oleander also called Nerium is a shrub or tree of short size not exceeding 6 meters that predominates in the Mediterranean area with wide flowering that arises in spring and remains until early autumn contrasts the beauty
of its flowers with the toxic of the sap of its branches and leaves that in chemistry are used as poison for rodents. Precise wet soil from here that is found wild near river slopes
See more at http://www.floralesvogue.com
By blackcat009 on 02/25/2016 at 04: 59h
Sorry, I was wrong the first page is a page with toxic and non-toxic species for cats although it is the same page but the link I put before is the one I use as a reference to avoid dangerous plants for my cats and which are safe to have at home. This is the one I mentioned:
It shows the toxic and non-toxic species of cats, dogs and horses. Sorry for the confusion.
By blackcat009 on 02/25/2016 at 04: 44h
Hola a todos bueno para carolina1209 ahi una pagina en ingles (https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/animal-poison-control/cats-plant-list) que viene una lista de las plantas toxicas y no toxicas para perros, gatos y caballos y con relacion a esa planta no viene la especie exacta que mencionas pero viene 3 que pertenecen al mismo genero y segun esa pagina son toxicas aqui te dejo los enlaces por si quieres checarlo:
Para estelagodelleta no se a cual especie exacta te refieres pero en esa misma pagina viene 4 que pertenecen al genero Howea del que pertenece la Ketia y todos vienen como NO toxicos. Aqui te dejo los enlaces por si quieres checarlo:
Bueno espero que les haya ayudado, igual es mejor consultarlo con el veterinario para estar 100% seguros.
Por gabarom el 26/09/2015 a las 09:26h
hola, en varios sitios encontré que e aloe vera es tóxico para perros, pero en varios otros lo recomiendan para tratamientos internos y externos, incluso encontré un libro que se llama "Aloe Vera - Nature's Gift: Aloe Vera in Veterinary Practice" en el que exponen varios usos del aloe para animales. Incluso encontré un post de este sitio (que es el que me trajo a esta página) http://www.mundoanimalia.com/foros/perro/raza/Pastor_Belga_Malinois/39978-1/alimentos_prohibidos donde dicen que es tóxico. ¿tienes info sobre esto? es decir si es tóxico o no, o si existe más información o pruebas que determinen la toxicidad del aloe para perros. GRacias
Por carolina1209 el 12/08/2014 a las 03:36h
Hola quisiera saber si los frutos de la imagen del árbol que es una Ligustrum lucidum (ligustrina) son venenosas o toxicas para mi perra poodle, ya que esta enfermita y hoy la pille tratando de comerse uno de estos frutos, y por lo mismo puede ser que este fruto lo venga comiendo quizas desde cuando y por eso este enfermita.
Agradezco de antemano alguna ayuda sobre este caso.